Tag Archives: Sustainable Development

Skills in Basic Science and Technology for Local Technology and Entrepreneurship in Nigeria (Published)

With the broad search for skills to drive the home grown local technology in developing countries like Nigeria, Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) in the new Curriculum for Basic Science and Technology, encourages teachers to lead their students to identify entrepreneurial skills in Basic Sciences. This study is one of the efforts to determine such skills in Basic Sciences and Technology for Local technology and entrepreneurship. The research took place in one of the biggest cities in a flourishing State in Nigeria with 120 students (30 each), randomly selected from four secondary schools. The validated prime instrument for the descriptive survey design was questionnaire. The data was analyzed using inferential statistics. The researcher made recommendations that could answer the usual local and global question of “Where next is technology driving the local entrepreneurial?”

Keywords: Basic Science, Entrepreneurship, Skills, Sustainable Development, Technology, local technology

Network Governance, a Response to the Dilemma of Ski-Resort Sustainable Development (Published)

Regulating access to common resources and organizing their exploitation is, usually, the responsibility of local authorities and the object of local governance. However, in ski resorts, participating the private sector in territorial management could have a better impact on resource preservation due to the seasonality of ski dynamism and its impact on network efficacy. This article aims to study the concept of local network governance and to examine its influence on sustainable development. The effectiveness of this governance is illustrated by the case of Mzaar ski-resort in Lebanon.

Keywords: Governance, Network, Ski-Resort, Sustainable Development, Tourism

The Role of the Private Sector In Promoting Sustainable Development In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Najran As An “Example (Published)

The present study aims to identify the avant-garde role of the private sector, and its significance in achieving the sustainable and comprehensive development in Najran Area, as an example for the local development in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It also aimed at identifying the challenges that impede the complete fulfillment of the role in realizing the comprehensive development. The researcher utilized the historical, descriptive, and analytical method in this study. The questionnaire was relied upon as a main data collection instrument. The study population consisted of the private sector organizations in the area. The author distributed the questionnaire to (96) owners of these organizations, who were taken as the study sample, which was selected through a simple random manner. The results of the study indicated that the private sector in the area produces products that realize self-sufficiency of the area population. This sector further has an effective role in reducing unemployment, finding job opportunities for the Saudi citizen, increasing his income, and contributing to the realization of the social security in the area. Most importantly, the projects of this sector are mainly environment friendly. The study showed that the state contributes with large amounts to support the private sector in the area, but the finance provided by the financing institutions to the private sector is still low. The study concluded that the private sector in Najran area plays an important role in achieving the comprehensive, sustainable development, both economically and socially; and that it is an example that could be followed for the local development in the area.

Keywords: Najran, Private Sector, Sustainable Development

A Proposal for the Role of the Family in Promoting Community Awareness of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Published)

The present study is an attempt to identify the role of the family in promoting community awareness of Sustainable Development goals. The study sample covered several books and websites as well as UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The descriptive method was utilized to achieve the study objectives. The study concluded that the Sustainable Development goals are considered a developmental project that seeks to improve the life of peoples, but the entire goals include unfamiliar terms and issues that in turn break down the family and community; therefore, the community awareness of these issues should be raised through the educational institutions, and the family role played through the three balanced dimensions of the development: social, economic and environmental dimensions. The study recommended that the developmental plans should not be unified without identifying the real needs of the countries, whose requirements must be taken into account. The study confirmed the significant role played by Neighborhood Centers in promoting the community awareness of Sustainable Development goals.

Keywords: Community, Goals, Sustainable Development, community awareness, the family role

Partnerships for Knowledge Production: A Panacea for Skills Acquisition for Sustainable Development through Vocational Education in Nigeria (Published)

This paper focused on partnerships for knowledge production as a panacea for skills acquisition for sustainable development through Vocational Education in Nigeria. Although the government of Nigeria is emphasizing Entrepreneurial Education to promote skills acquisition for economic growth, the government has failed to match it plans with concrete actions by way of financial support and provision of facilities to enhance proper preparation of the learners for skills acquisition at graduation. Skill acquisition is the sole aim of Vocational Education. A survey of some programmes in the Universities has shown that this programme (Vocational Education) is organized without practicals due to lack of facilities such as workshops and laboratories with modern equipments. Students who offer computer education in most cases are not exposed to practical experience. This is applicable to other areas of Vocational Education as well. This paper highlighted other challenges such as lack of implementation of research results in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET), lack of students exchange and linkage programmes in some Universities. Finally, among other recommendations, the paper raised the need for Federal and State governments to allocate a substantial amount of funds in their yearly budgets for proper implementation of Vocational Education programme in Nigeria.

Keywords: Nigeria, Skills Acquisition, Sustainable Development, Vocational education, knowledge production, partnerships

A Suggested Auditing Program for Sustainable Development (Published)

The Purpose of this research is to encourage preparing an auditing program for sustainable development. The program includes procedures/strategies that are classified in accordance to the dimensions of sustainable development (economic, environmental, social and Institutional). This program will be used by both of internal and external auditors to achieve current and future generations’ needs in addition to achieving development goals

Keywords: Audit Program, Insure, Sustainable Development

Role of Society-Based Forest Management for Improving Rural Livelihoods: A Study of Bogra District, Bangladesh (Published)

Social forestry (SF) is a government adopted forest management practice introduced with the help of ADB since 1982. In Bangladesh, the challenge of natural catastrophes and the high density of population, social forestry is a potential sector for sustainable development of rural livelihoods. The overall objectives of this study are to determine how to improve the utilization of forest products and the livelihoods of the participants through social forestry. The analysis is carried out through a household survey, using a random sampling, along with formal and informal discussion with the participants and the data which is collected from district forest office (DFO).The results show that SF is effective for improving sustainable development of rural livelihoods through various activities that create positive attitude among people to foster social development.

Keywords: Management Committee, Rural Livelihood, Rural People, Social Forestry, Sustainable Development

Promoting the Right to a Healthy Environment through Constitutionalism in Nigeria (Published)

Environmental degradation can have negative consequences, both expressly and impliedly, for the actual attainment of human rights. For instance, the rights to life and human dignity are only achievable where people can have access to an ecologically balanced environment devoid of degradation. Similarly, the enjoyment of other fundamental rights like food, freedom of worship, good working environment, education and health can also be affected by an unhealthy or unwholesome environment.  In recognition of the vital connection between human rights and the environment, many global instruments and national Constitutions have recognised the right to a healthy environment. The 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is one of such national Constitutions that acknowledge the need to safeguard the environment. The article argues however that the non-justiciable provision of the Nigerian Constitution constitutes a serious threat to citizen’s enjoyment of the right to a clean and healthy environment.   

Keywords: Constitutionalism, Ecologically Balanced Environment, Environmental Right, Human Right, Sustainable Development

Evolutionary-Genetic Regularities of Origins of an Economic and Legal Systems Imbalance at a Regional Level (Published)

Issues of economic security enforcement are important for both citizens, agents of economic activity, and bodies of government at all levels of the power vertical. World economy spottiness, acceleration of globalisation processes, sufficiently strengthening world markets competition complicate achieving such goal as economic security guarantee. To accomplish this task successfully it is necessary to combine scholarly based, systematic and coordinated activities of all institutional structures – state power, bodies of local self-government, business community, and social organisations. Despite the measures of economic and legal character taken by the government in the transition period development of a mixed economy in the regions is at the formation stage. Deficiency of effective economic policy and balanced legislative control of these processes resulted in setback in production and, as a consequence, demographic situation decline, as well as intensive interregional migration of population. Moreover, market competition mechanism divided regions depending on the existing economic resources. That is why nowadays there appeared an objective necessity to work out methods of regulating imbalance of economic and legal system to accomplish the task of economic security enforcement and sustainable development of socio-economic processes at a regional level.In the article a number of regularities of the origins of economic and legal systems imbalance at a regional level is determined on the basis of evolutionary-genetic approach. The notion of this phenomenon essence allows anticipating a model of region sustainable development and its economic security guarantee.

Keywords: Economic Gene, Economic Security Of The Region, Imbalance, Sustainable Development, evolution

Perusing Sustainable Development Goals: The Role of Social Standards in UK Based Firms (Published)

As a consequence of the changing conditions of doing business, the number of industrial and company-specific codes of conduct, as well as social and environmental standards is increasing rapidly. The decision to adopt such standards and to develop effective implementation strategies has engrossed managers at all levels and in all types of organisations in recent years. Some organisations have claimed that compliance issues have been determining their bottom-line and business performance in the market place. This conceptual paper addresses the challenge of how sustainable development can be achieved, suggesting that social and environmental standards has a part to play within the paradigm of sustainable development. Three specific internationally established standards are discussed: Environmental Management system (EMS), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), and Fair Trade. These institutionalized approaches are described and then contrasted in relation to a number of different factors. The paper concludes that the implementation of social standards principles in UK can contribute to the development of long-term sustainable development goals.

Keywords: Standards, Sustainable Development, environmental management.

Sustainable Development Strides in Nigeria: An Analysis of Climate Change Awareness and Environmental Sustainability (Published)

The paper x-rayed the sustainable development strides in Nigeria: An analysis of climate change awareness and environmental sustainability. It started by looking at the sustainable goals as enshrined in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and narrowed it down to environmental sustainability. Furthermore, the paper examined man’s destructive interference in the environment; delicate nature of weather and climate with a critical look at the ozone layer. Subsequently, the nature, causes and consequences of climate change were properly reviewed and man’s efforts to create its awareness and how to mitigate the challenges of the change. Finally, the paper stressed the need for environmental sustainability for the future generations through climate change education and the way forward.

Keywords: Climate Change, Environmental sustainability, Nigeria, Sustainable Development, awareness

Accountability: A Formidable Basis for Achieving Sustainable Development in Nigeriran Secondary Schools (Published)

Sustainable development is a protective device that is future-oriented. Technically, the future is embedded in current activities and could be wasted where present activities are not appropriately planned, structured and controlled. In education, current efforts to build schools, train teachers and engage other related activities should be consummated without compromising future school development. Authorities whose decisions shape current school development must be made answerable, liable and responsible for their actions and inactions in order to instill order, restraint, and caution in the system. The paper therefore recommends accountability by administering transparency, probity, reputable appointment of personnel into positions of trust, supervision and inspection, tough audit, effective policy prioritization, punitive measures for offenders and other related internal control mechanisms to ensure sustainable development of schools in Nigeria.

Keywords: Accountability, Formidable Basis, Nigerian Secondary Schools., Sustainable Development

The Sustainability Of Urban Wild Area Changes And Urban Area Development: Case Study Of Wuhan City’s Metropolitan Area, P.R. China In 2002 – 2011 (Published)

Urban wild areas are the land maintains a wild ecosystem in metropolitan areas and it is urban resources of ecosystem services. When city planning is based on economic development, capitalism urbanization and industrialization, urban wild areas tend to decrease in size while strictly urban areas become larger. Between 2002 and 2011, the metropolitan region of Wuhan, C.P. China, also displays the relationship of increasing urbanization and the decline of urban wild areas. Thus the researchers will attempt to explain a decrease in the urban wild area in the city of Wuhan due to urbanization. The current research will analyze changes in images from Landsat 7 satellite, as well as statistics of Wuhan and then they compare the study results with international sustainable standard. All data analyzed show that urban wild areas change in quality and quantity; the data also suggest that industrial and urban development correlates significantly with negative impact upon urban wild areas. In addition, the study conducted by the researchers of changes of the benchmarks of urban wild area in Wuhan culminate in sustainable ultimate gold: in the future we wants’ commitment of the United Nations. The research displays that urban wild area changes are not according with sustainable ultimate goal and it is not suitable for the well-being of metropolitan life and it serves as a serious warning to the urban wild area conservation process.

Keywords: Land Resources Management, Sustainability, Sustainable Development, Urban Development Policy, Urban Ecology, Urban Study, Wuhan city, urban wild

A Critical Analysis of National Board for Technical Education Old and New Curriculum in Office Technology and Management for Sustainable Development (Published)

The paper examined the persistent issue of curriculum review in Office Technology and Management which is now used in the Nigerian Polytechnics. The convergence of computer, telecommunication, the internet and microelectronics with business environment has brought to the fore, the emerging Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sub skills that are lacking in the curriculum for producing the office worker in Nigeria. The prevailing circumstance where the secretary has to work with modern technology used in this digital era led to the review of the old curriculum for secretarial studies. The review of OTM curriculum was taken with the view to produce graduates who could be effective in the Management roles and have confidence and practical skills necessary to put theory into action It also looked at consequential issues concerning inadequate provision of human and material resources as well as the need to ensure that the OTM programme is adequately funded to ensure that requisite facilities are provided for effective training of the recipients of the programme and equally emphasized on the need for training and retraining of the lecturers in the polytechnic on the prerequisite skills needed to teach this novel ICT softwares.

Keywords: Curriculum, ICT, Sustainable Development, Technical Education


Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is of high relevance for food companies as this sector has a strong impact and a high dependence on the economy, the environment and on society. CSR’s threats and opportunities are increasingly shifting from the single-firm level to food supply chains and food networks. This induces substantial challenges for the future due to firm heterogeneity and the associated diversity in CSR approaches. At a time when global environmental issues are becoming more critical than ever, environmental protection is an obligation that any corporate citizen owes to nature and the society, for we have a duty to protect the home that we mutually share. Environment protection, energy conservation and emission reduction have been and shall continue to be the persistent objectives of these entrepreneurs. Food transformation companies must be committed to pro-active environmental protection by optimizing their production processes and helping to develop a low-carbon economy, as they strive to build an environment-friendly enterprises and facilitate development in harmony with nature. This article intends to remind entrepreneurs that CSR is founded on a stronger recognition of the role of business as an active partner in a world of scarcity and dwindling resources. It shows also how we can reduce negative socio-environment impacts in our operations? The solution is by integrating CSR into value chain of businesses.

Keywords: CSR, CSR strategies, Solutions to social environmental issues, Sustainable Development


The study seeks to examine Local Government, Good Governance and Sustainable Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State (2001-2012). A sample of 400 respondents from 14 wards of Emohua Local Government Area in Rivers State was studied. Out of the 400 copies of questionnaire administered, 387 copies were retrieved and after going through them 381 copies (i.e. 95% response rate) were found useful for data analysis. Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) was used to test the hypotheses. The study identified the key problems affecting good governance, sustainable development and the economic empowerment of the people in local government areas in Nigeria; to include: Lack of funds to execute local government programmes, Lack of employment opportunities, Bribery and corruption / incompetence, lack of transparency and accountability, lack of planning for Good Governance / public objectives, non-government co-operation on socio- economic issues for the citizenry / decisions poor capacity utilization. Indeed there is still loud yearning for good governance at the local government level. From this study it is evident and conclusive that: Good governance promotes sustainable development in Emohua Local Government Area, Good Governance encourages the economic empowerment of the people in local government areas. The study therefore recommends that: Instead of direct sharing or transfer of cash, local government should embark on programmes that can empower local citizenry. Equally, the controlling state governments should show good example in transparency and accountability to local political leaders. This will minimize corruption at local level. Finally, State governments should also desist from hijacking the functions of local government. It is by allowing local political leaders to discharge these functions while in office that they can master the ropes of governance.

Keywords: Good Governance, Local Government, Sustainable Development


Argument on the eroding environmental degradation by modern industrial society has been rife in most critical works of the modern period. Man’s quest for civilization and its accompanied industrialization are often seen as reasons for destruction of natural environment. Despite the facts that water covers about seventy percent of the earth surface, availability and accessibility of water has remained a great challenge to human development. Acute water shortage for human consumption is a course for worry in the face of alarming industrial pollution. Little wonders that ecocritics and ecodramatics are upset by degenerating human environment. Greg Mbajiorgu is one of them. He has written extensively on water as important abotic resource. In his collection of poems title Water testament (2008) and a dramatic text,Wota na Wota (2006), he explored various themes on the usefulness of water to man. He asserts that search for drinkable water in most local communities can create anarchy as a result of its scarcity. This research explores these themes and attributes of water as illustrated in the poems and the drama. The basic assumption of this research is that water is a necessity for sustenance of life and a component of natural resources. Consequently, great effort must be geared towards its preservation.

Keywords: Greg Mabajiorgu’s Writings, Sustainable Development, Water


The paper is focused to examine the problems of the shortage of Mathematics teachers at all levels of the Nigerian educational system. The problem of the shortage of mathematics teachers is due to the poor condition of teachers in Nigeria. Students are not attracted to study the mathematical sciences and are rather attracted to more lucrative professions. Therefore, we have our best brains in other professions at the expense of the teaching profession. Shortage of mathematics teachers leads to poor performance of students and shortage of professionals in science and technology which results in low level of technological and sustainable development of the nation. To produce and retain mathematical sciences teachers, the paper recommends that action should be put in place to deliberately improve the salaries and conditions of service of teachers as done in some African Countries and Advanced Countries; arrangements should be made to retrain our unemployed graduates especially those in social sciences to convert them to mathematics teachers; Students wishing to study the mathematical sciences education should be awarded bursary to attract them to the courses; and specialist teachers should be employed to teach mathematics at the Primary School level.

Keywords: Mathematics Education, Production and Retention of Mathematics Teachers, Sustainable Development


Disasters, whether natural or man-made have engendered widespread unimaginable destructions to lives and properties across the world. Floods, the most frequent and most devastating of all had, between 1971 and 1995 affected more than 1.5 billion people or 100 million annually out of which 318,000 were killed while more than 81 million became homeless. Nigeria which is the focus of this paper has had her fair share of this flood-induced tragedy. In what appears like an annual occurrence, flooding in Nigeria had resulted in the loss of many lives and properties worth billions of Naira perished apart from precipitating extensive social and economic dislocation. It has been acknowledged in the last two decades that, while disasters cannot be prevented, the impacts can be mitigated through effective and collective management systematically planned around timely sharing of disaster warning information among the disaster management teams and the vulnerable population. This is why this paper among others theoretically observed the various communication methods engaged in disaster management; evaluate the interplay of communication with other disaster management tools with the purpose of discovering their mutual roles in the four stages of disaster management. It verified whether these have contributed to sustainable development in Nigeria and lastly, recommended efficient collaborative measures that could minimise the risk areas and the potentially vulnerable communities

Keywords: Disaster Management, Sustainable Development, communication


Values and virtues are defined and their relationship explained. Because most values are products of several generations of humankind and experiences, that have stood test of time for their worth, they are often referred to as time-honoured values. There are the core values for individuals, families, societies, communities and nations, which are of extreme importance and must be assured in individuals and groups mentioned above for good success of life and sustainable development. These core values include these derived from spiritual values, which make other values possible and as such, have constituted “a must have,” for individuals, families, communities and nations. This group of core values, represented with the egg yellow in the figures, are described in this paper, as universal values. Besides them, are other equally important values that are in themselves a “must have” to attain outstanding success. These values are represented by the egg white in the figures. They together with the inner core values, make up the core values. Other important values are also listed for individuals, families, communities and nations. These are what are grouped as “other important values,” which are depicted with III in the figures. Values guarantee success in life. They add quality to life. They also add distinction and respect, not only for individuals, but also to families, societies, communities and nations. The universal values must be harvested from the spiritual environment, through kind thoughts, inspiring words and good deeds, which may have to include prayers, meditation in the word and service to God and others around us. With universal values assured, other values will follow suite, so also will success and recognition and all other good things of life needed for sustainable development by individuals, families, societies, communities and nations.

Keywords: FamilyValues, Individual Personality Values, National Values, Societal and Communal Values, Spiritual Environment, Spiritual Values, Sustainable Development, Values, Virtues