Awareness and Utilization of Agricultural Enhancement Strategies and Adult Education for Sustainable Community Development in Bayelsa State (Published)
This paper assessed the level of awareness and utilization of agricultural enhancement strategies and adult education for sustainable community development in Bayelsa State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. The population of study comprised of all adults engaged in agricultural activities in the eight LGA in Bayelsa state. A total of 509 farmers formed the sample of the study. Agricultural Enhancement Strategies for Sustainable Development Questionnaire” (AESSDQ) developed by the researcher was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by experts of measurement and evaluation and adult and community development experts. It was subjected to pilot testing and the outcome was analyzed using Cronbach Alpha Formula which yielded a coefficient value of 0.80. One-on-one mode of questionnaire administration was adopted and 100% return rate was achieved. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while t-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed that the level of awareness and the extent of utilization of agricultural enhancement strategies for sustainable community development among farmers who attends adults’ education programme is higher than those who does not attend adult education programme. It was recommended amongst others that Adult education should be given more attention than it already has as a veritable tool for promoting sustainable community development.
Adult Education and Adult Environmental Education as Twin Mechanism for Sustainable Environment and Community Development (Published)
The over dependence of the developmental process in the rural and urban areas on national governments, and failure to meet the rising social and economic expectations of the human condition arising from teeming population, has necessitated the need for countries to reappraise and restructure their development architecture through the form and content of their educational provision. It is against this backdrop of a grim picture of more claimants for social and economic infrastructure, environmental degradation, educated unemployment and underemployment, and lack of connection between education and work, that this paper makes a number of proposals aimed at educational reforms in Nigeria, through the process of adult education and environmental education in order to achieve sustainable environment and community development.
Forming Cross-Sectorial Alliance For Sustainable Community Development: Lessons from the SPDC/USAID/IITA Cassava Enterprise Development Programme (CEDP) In Nigeria’s Niger Delta (Published)
The question of development especially in Third World countries like Nigeria has generated very strong debate among scholars from different disciplines. Globally, there is the realization that single sectors acting alone cannot solve the multidimensional development challenges in society. The emphasis on Cross Sector Partnerships (CSPs) as a model for addressing development challenges notwithstanding, studies are lacking in terms of the sustainability of such efforts at the community level. The aim of this study is to evaluate cross-sector partnership and sustainable development projects in the Niger Delta region, focusing on the USD11.7 million Cassava Enterprise Development Project (CEDP) partnership between Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC), United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Relying on the actor-network theory, Chi-Square Statistical Test (χ2) and Sustainability Assessment Model indicator (SAMi), the study reveals that even though CSPs more than single sector approach to community development are meant to provide effective knowledge and technology transfer to local people, the CEDP partnership failed to achieve this within a five year life-cycle. This is attributed to insufficient actor-networking between the partnership’s social structure and the project beneficiaries. This singular challenge created the necessary condition for progressive reduction in employment and income thereby constraining sustainability of the project. The study concludes that the CEDP is not sustainable since local people have insufficient capacity to manage the process after the project lifecycle. It is recommended that proper actor networking and expansive knowledge cum technology transfer should be considered in similar projects in the future.