The management of Construction Supply Chain has a profound effect on profitability and project expectations in terms of cost, time, and quality and risk reduction. Large numbers of suppliers involved in project delivery and complexities of business processes have also necessitated the studying of Construction Supply chain management systems in the Construction Industry. However, there is limited research on the construction supply chain in Nigeria. To address this, a questionnaire survey was conducted in Lagos State to identify construction supply chain management systems in use. In total, 100 questionnaires were administered randomly to selected medium and large-sized firms with a response rate of 54%. The data was analysed using frequency distribution and Relative Importance Index. From the analysis of results, personal relationship was revealed as the most commonly used systems with 63.0%. It was also found that, 42.6% of respondents are discouraged by lack of trust for suppliers and that long-term relationship between contractor and supplier is the most likely systems of improving contractors-suppliers relationships.
Supply chain management is among the most critical factors necessary for creating a competitive advantage for a company. In the current competitive market environment, firms strive to respond as well as offer its customers services faster. The information technology market is huge and is fast growing. Particularly, cloud computing is currently shaping the way various activities such as accounting, finance, and supply chain management are organized in the organization. Accounting information systems (AIS), being part of the management information systems, represents one of the most significant systems in the economic unit and it varies across different organizations depending on their application and the importance attached to them. Several organizations integrate and automate their business operations through the use of AIS. AIS is a computer-based system that increases the control as well as enhances the coordination of the operations of the organization. Some of the primary functions performed by AIS are data maintenance, data collection, data security, knowledge management, and information generation. Good AIS seeks to take advantage of surrounding circumstances to improve the quantity and quality of the information so as to enhance the users’ delivery mechanism hence providing different users with diverse types of important information to meet their demands. This paper examines how the integration of AIS assists in improving the company’s supply chain management in the Bahraini retail market. This research study found out that AIS increases the efficiency of information sharing between various parties such as the suppliers and other stakeholders thereby streamlining supply chain management in retail firms in Bahrain.
The Effect of Road Traffic Delay on Supply Chain Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Lagos State, Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the trend of traffic growth and its resultant effect on supply chain performance on manufacturing firms in Lagos State, Nigeria. The study adopted purposive and simple random sampling technique. Firms along transport congestion corridors were purposively selected. and workers in the selected firms were randomly selected. Sampled firms distributors and customers were also used to gather information regarding supply chain performance. A total number of 225 respondents were randomly sampled from 3,981 workers of two firms to solicit information on how congestion affects supply chain performance, analysis was done using multiple regression analyze. Result shows that all identified variable were statistically significant except goods returned and fuel consumption at p<0.005. From the findings, the study concluded that there is inverse relationship between traffic congestion and supply chain performance. This implied that as traffic congestion increases it have a resultant effect on supply chain performance. Therefore, the study recommended that government and other stakeholders should see congestion as a collective task in order to improve free flow of traffic that would significantly improve supply chain performance both in local and national economy.
This study examined the effect of sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) on consumers’ purchase intension. Specifically, the study determine the extent to which SSCM practice that are socially and environmental sustainable create self brand connection compare to SSCM practices which are not socially or environmental sustainable. It also investigates the extent to which supply chain management practices that are socially and environmental sustainable reduces dissonance compare to supply chain management practices that are not socially or environmentally sustainable. The study adopted quantitative research approach while the population consists of staff and major dealers of Dangote cement PLC who have made official purchase for an upward of five years. Data used for the study was collected using structured questionnaire while data analysis was done using linear regression. The study reveals that sustainable supply chain management practices is capable of connecting customer with the product of firms. The coefficient of determination (R2) obtain reveal that 91.70% of customer loyalty was as a result of sustainable supply chain management. It was recommended that firms that are eco-friendly should educate members of the public by indicating it on their labels in order to adequately distinguish it from those firms that are not environmentally friendly. This will clear any negative feeling from customer which may increase dissonance in them.
Influence of Supply Chain Resilience on Performance of Categorized Hospitals in Kenya (Published)
The study sought to establish the relationship between supply chain resilience and performance of categorized hospitals in Kenya. The study sampled 264 supply chain managers from 773 hospitals offering both inpatient and outpatient services in Kenya as listed by National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF). The sampling technique was stratified random sampling based on the eight regions as identified by NHIF. The study adopted Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model to measure performance of hospitals. The study findings indicated that private hospitals had a higher DEA score compared to the public and faith based hospitals. The findings implied that private hospitals were generally efficient than other type of hospitals. Further, the study found that supply chain resilience had a positive significant relationship with performance. The study recommended the use of outsourcing, spare capacity, and use of local suppliers to mitigate against hospital operational risks.
Influence of Customer Relationship on Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Kenya (Published)
The study sought to determine the influence customer relationship practices on organizational performance in the manufacturing firms in Kenya. The target population for the study was the senior staff in supply chain, operations and finance or equivalent managers in the 563 manufacturing organizations listed by Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM). The sampling technique was stratified random sampling in based on the 14 sectors as identified by KAM. The study sampled 312 respondents from 104 firms. The study found a positive significant relationship between customer relationship and performance of manufacturing firms in Kenya. Among the aspects of customer relationship that contributed highly to performance of manufacturing firms included exchange of information with customers, ensuring product visibility within the market and incorporating the views of customers in production process. The study recommended the adoption of customer relationship management practices as a way of improving and sustaining performance of organizations.
Integration of Transshipment in the Transportation Coordination of Fertilizer from Manufacturer to Consumers in a Supply Chain System (Published)
In Nigeria, fertilizer distribution has been fraught with deceit, inconsistencies and inefficiencies. This paper integrates transshipment in the transportation coordination of subsidized fertilizer from the manufacturer to the consumers in a supply chain system. It demonstrates that problems of this nature can be modelled in Excel and analyzed using the simplex option in Solver. The result of the analysis shows that appreciable transportation cost savings can be made by adopting the model presented in this paper. The actual cost of transporting 74800 bags of subsidized fertilizer from the manufacturer in Port Harcourt Nigeria to the redemption centres in Gombe State, Nigeria is ₦21,925,800.00. Using the transshipment model, the cost reduced to ₦ 21,368,400.00. The restriction on the number of bags of fertilizer to be deposited at the warehouses, at a fixed transportation cost, was easily accommodated due to the flexibility of modelling transshipment problems in Excel. The Excel output shows clearly the flow of the product from the manufacturer and the warehouses to the redemption centres.
The term Decision Support System (DSS) is widely, though inconsistently used, but in its essence, it stands for any kind of “system” which provides valuable information necessary to support decision making (DM) process. These systems are much appreciated in highly complex environments where problems or tasks have varying degrees of structure, majority of them being unstructured or semi-structured. Nowadays, manufacturers need systems that helps to react and adapt to the constantly changing business environment. The internal data processing system of a company can only offer minimum support because it is related to transactions. Hence, DSS combine human skills with the abilities of computers to provide efficient management of data, reporting, analytics, modelling and planning issues. This paper provides the reader of a comprehensive overview of the state-of the-art literature on DSS and describes present techniques of relevant DSS applications within supply chain management.
Sustainability in Supply Chain is a key area in business that great attention is being looked into by academicians and practioners in recent times. The literature of sustainable supply chain management is still scant and several literature review has been conducted to investigate the state of the art knowledge of sustainable supply chain management. The field of text mining is rapidly evolving but little has been done on the techniques used in the study of sustainable supply chain management. The major objective of the study was to conduct a meta–analysis of the literature review studies in the area of sustainable supply chain management. Specifically the objective of the study was to find out the state of the art knowledge in sustainable supply chain and to use text mining techniques to derive the most frequent used words in keywords, abstracts and conclusion of the literature review papers on sustainable supply chain management. Major trends and current research topics in sustainable supply chain management were identified. A total of 57 papers were identified, the process was iterative involving many hours of reading, additional collection of literature, synthesis and refinement. The leading peer reviewed journals, universities, and authors were identified as well. The study adopted meta-analysis and content based qualitative approach of published literature for assessing the appropriateness of the framework presented in the research articles. More specifically the alignment between keywords, abstract and conclusion was studied. Finally, suggestion and recommendation was provided for the research agenda in the field of sustainable supply chain management
Supply chain flexibility is widely seen as one major response to the increasing uncertainty and competition in the marketplace. That is to say a firm with a flexible supply chain is likely to survive and grow its market share. Despite several evidences suggesting that performance improvements are related to SCM, managing supply chains today and practicing flexibility has become more difficult due to the fact that business environments are highly competitive, businesses are going more global, dynamic, and customer‐driven. Therefore, this study assessed the path between supply chain flexibility and firm performance using supply chain agility as a moderating variable. A total of 77 manufacturing and service firms operating in the Kumasi metropolis were selected as sample. The sample was made up of key management staff as well as non-management operatives of the firms. Questionnaires was used as instrument for data collection. The findings revealed that SC Flexibility and SC Agility positively correlated firm performance (p<0.01/0.05). Additionally, moderating SC Agility on SC Flexibility, produced a positive effect, however the effect was insignificant and this implies that SC agility does not significantly moderate the positive impact the SC Flexibility has on firm performance. SC flexibility better predicts firm performance through SC Agility as a moderator and not moderator. Therefore, it is rather necessary to appreciate the individual roles that both SC Flexibility and SC Agility play to ensure value for customers and thereby contributing to firm performance and not necessarily moderating each other.
The Effect Of Supply Chain Integration On Operational Performance: A Study On Chemical And Chemical Product Manufacturing Firms In Ethiopia (Published)
The aim of this research is to empirically examine the effect of supply chain integration on operational performance. In order to address the research objective, a quantitative survey approach is used to collect the relevant data from the target population of the study which includes Chemical and Chemical product manufacturing firms in Ethiopia. A questionnaire was administered to target respondents to collect a primary data for the study. To analyze the data this study applied a descriptive and non parametric statistics including Kendall’s correlation and Kruskal Wallis test to see the significant relationship between hypothesized variables as well as to measure the direction and strength of the relationship. The result from study shows a significant positive effect of supply chain integration construct on the operational performance of firms. However, this research investigation did not found statistically significant evidence on the effect of internal integration on external integrations
Factors Influencing Implementation of E- Procurement: A Case Study of Small and Medium Size Businesses in Voi Town (Published)
This paper has researched on the factors influencing implementation of e-procurement on small and medium sizes business in Voi town. The study has three objectives: To ascertain the effect of skills on implementation of E-procurement in SMEs; to establish the effect of Supplier compatibility on implementation of E-procurement in SMEs and finally determine the effect of cost of systems infrastructure on implementation of E-procurement in SMEs. The study adopted a descriptive approach in trying to establish on the factors influencing implementation of e-procurement on small and medium sizes business in Voi town and it targeted a population of one hundred employees. The study concluded that skills, supplier compatibility and the cost of systems infrastructure influence the implementation of E-procurement in the SMEs in Voi town.
With the evolving and the advancing of technology in the world, many companies are trying to find new ways to expand their business opportunities and strategies in order to stay in the lead. Therefore, electronic commerce had started to be implemented and used in many types of business including the supply chain. E- Commerce had caused the supply chain to become more flexible and efficient. In addition, businesses are now able to easily collect information on the needs and wants, sell online, reach a wide range of customers, and deliver the products quickly at a low cost. This had led to a better operation strategy, product quality and customer satisfaction. A qualitative study was conducted with the use of different sources in order to construct and explore the changes on the behavior of supply chain because of e-commerce implementations.
Supply Chain Management of Health Commodities and Logistics: Fundamental Components of Booming Medical Laboratory Services (Published)
The importance of quality laboratory services is unquestionable. The growth of programs for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), tuberculosis (TB), and malaria requires strong and supportive laboratory services. For antiretroviral therapy (ART) in particular, there has been a growing recognition of this importance, given the number of laboratory tests required to effectively and efficiently monitor treatment. Well functioning supply chain will enhance the availability of the commodities (commodity security) required to provide necessary laboratory services. In addition, an effective and efficient laboratory supply chain can promote common approaches on policy, laboratory procedures and information system.
The competitive atmosphere of modern businesses makes it essential for organizations to highly consider the supply chains. This study focuses on supply chain for palm industry in Sistan and Baluchestan Province. First, the problems involved in the palm industry are discussed and solutions are provided; then a supply chain model for date industry is introduced and requirements to increase the performance and agility are discussed. At the end, to evaluate the performance, two models are presented.
Organizational performance directly affecting supply chain management practices. A continuous innovation in supply chain is important for corporations to achieve sustainable competitive advantage, to differentiate from competitors. Contemporary supply chain management stresses coordinating supply chain stakeholders into seamless unit in meeting customers demand and enhancing competitive advantage. Although companies concentrate on innovating independently for developing capabilities, companies however demonstrate reliance on creating their supply chain innovation capability. As markets became global, competition intensified. This forced the companies to innovate to be competitive and carryout holistic, fully integrated approach to their supply chain designs. This can replace traditional thinking in pursuit of effective and responsiveness supply chain. The research addresses gap in the literature between supply chain innovation and organizational capabilities. The study explore how organizations expand their efforts in improving relationships for developing capabilities of supply chain and what capabilities do firms develop to create innovation capacity within a supply chain. Companies in Karnataka, India surveyed to examine the inter relationship beteen organizational capability and supply chain innovation. The results showed that supply chain innovation has positive relationship with organizational capabilities and supply chain integration mechanisms do impact supply chain innovation.
RETAIL MARKETING OF FRUITS & VEGETABLES IN INDIA: A CASE STUDY ON EXPORT OF GRAPES FROM ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA (Published)
To develop an innovative technique to apply retail marketing and export of grape improvement techniques to a complete supply chain from farm to consumer. Design/ methodology/approach – Action research based on a Andhra Pradesh case study involving Post harvest loss in grapes for export market. Findings – Export market highlights significant opportunities to improve fruits supply chain performance, export perspective, profitability and relationships. Originality value – Drawing on both primary and secondary data, the paper examines how increasing demand and marketing costs, wastage impact on grape grower returns. Development of supply chain improvement methodology.
Assessment Of Supply Chain Management Practices And It Effects On The Performance Of Kasapreko Company Limited In Ghana (Published)
This thesis is based on one manufacturing company in Ghana. The study sought to examine supply chain management practice and it effect on the performance of Kasapreko Company Limited (KCL). The objectives of the study were to examine supply chain management (SCM) practice in KCL, ascertain the influence of SCM practice on KCL performance, and to describe the trend in sale of KCL. A sample size of two-hundred (200) out of the numerous customers of KCL was administered with questionnaires in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The researchers also interviewed key employees of KCL using a semi-structured interview guide. A descriptive analysis with the aid of SPSS was used to quantify the relationship between the application of supply chain management practice and the performance of KCL. The result of the study indicated that KCL is applying supply chain management practice to its business activities. The study also indicated that supply chain management practice has significantly influence KCL business performance and was evidence in the sales performance of KCL over the years (2004-2010).