Knowledge and Perception of Students About Premarital Genetic Counselling in University of Medical Sciences, Ondo State (Published)
The study examined the knowledge and perception of the University of Medical Sciences students about premarital genetic counselling. The study specifically assessed the knowledge of premarital genetic counseling and examined the perception of the University of Medical Sciences students about premarital genetic counseling. The research design employed in this study was descriptive survey design. The research study was carried out among students of University of Medical Sciences, Ondo. The target population for this research study was UNIMED students between the of age 20-35years. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 175 Nursing students in the University. The data was collected through the use of questionnaires design by the researcher to elicit the responses on the knowledge and perception towards premarital genetic counselling. The questionnaire was carefully formulated and was given to experts to review in order to ascertain face and content validity. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by test re-test method which yielded reliability coefficient value of 0.816. The validated questionnaire was administered on the respondents and data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics. The study revealed that respondents have strong level of knowledge about premarital genetic counselling and is likely to influence their choice of marital partner if test reveals incompatibility. However, majority of them identified only sickle cell anaemia as the consequence of genetic factor. It was recommended among others that there is need to be consistent in creating awareness about premarital genetic counselling to the youth through the mass media and online programmes.
Citation: Cecilia Olusolape Adeyemo, Oluwatosin Esther Ogunmuyiwa , Ajibade, Olapeju Oke (2022) Knowledge and Perception of Students About Premarital Genetic Counselling in University of Medical Sciences, Ondo State, International Journal of Micro Biology, Genetics and Monocular Biology Research, Vol.6, No.1, pp.1-9
Assessment of Anxiety on Tests Dishonesty among Undergraduate Students in University of Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Alfred Denis Oyama, and God’sdesire Alfred Oyama (2022) Assessment of Anxiety on Tests Dishonesty among Undergraduate Students in University of Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 4, pp. 1-21,
The major aim of this study was to assess the influence of anxiety on tests dishonesty among undergraduate students in University of Calabar, Cross River State in Nigeria. Literature review of both theoretical and empirical studies was done according to the variable under study. The sample for the study was drawn from the population of seven hundred and thirty-five (735) undergraduates’ students from year, 2, 3 and 4, comprising three hundred and two (302) females and one hundred and ninety-eight (198) males were used for the study. The data were collected using an eight (8) item research instrument. The data were analyzed with the use of independent t-test. The result of the analysis reviewed that anxiety influences test dishonesty among undergraduate students in university of Calabar, Cross River State in Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended that all stakeholders in education should play their parts through educating and forming tests ethics club for students, parents and lecturers among others. The school authority should ensure that lecturers perform their duty effectively and should also pay staff earning as at when due in order to reduce corruption within the educational system.
Social Media; Negative Effect on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students In Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Adeniyi Adewale Ojo (2022) Social Media; Negative Effect on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students In Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp., 126-131
Abstract: Obviously, it is common among the secondary school students in Nigeria that they lure of using social media as mode of communication and interaction among themselves. However, these social media such as Facebook, and Twitter and so on are using negatively and inappropriate to the levels in which they cannot benefit from it. In addition, many students of secondary schools in Nigeria today acquired antisocial behaviours such as fraudulent habit and other bad characters which peculiar in social media while thousands the of students in our country podcasting their reading culture because they are spending much time on the social media. Similarly, social media affect the reading culture of many secondary students in Nigeria because they prefer to spend many hours on the social media than to read their books. Yet, the incident of yahoo rampant in rural , urban and Riverine area in Nigeria while teenagers believe that it is short cut for them to become millions over night . Meanwhile , this has been generated to famous calamity among secondary school students in our country.
Teaching Strategies Employed By Teachers for Improving Students’ Learning in Business Education in Secondary Schools in Delta State (Published)
Citation: Onajite, G. O. (2022) Teaching Strategies Employed By Teachers for Improving Students’ Learning in Business Education in Secondary Schools in Delta State, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp., 85-100
Abstract:This study investigated teaching strategies employed by teachers for improving students’ learning in Business Education in secondary schools in Delta State. Four research questions guided the study. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study. Population of the study consisted of all the 2,100 teachers teaching business education subjects in the 448 secondary schools in Delta State. Sample size of the study comprised 630 business education teachers from 224 secondary schools in Delta State selected using stratified random sampling technique. A 40-item researchers’ self-developed questionnaire titled “Teaching Strategies employed by Teachers for Improving Student’s Learning in Business Education Questionnaire (TSTISLBEQ)” arranged into four clusters, and structured on 4-point scale. The research instrument was validated by three experts and reliability determined through a pilot test which yielded an internal consistency reliability value of 0.74. Data collected were analyzed using the mean score and standard deviation. The findings of this study revealed among others that the teachers mostly employed the direct teaching strategies. All the other teaching strategies like the experimental, material/visual aids, interactive and the independent teaching strategies were largely not employed by the teachers in teaching business education in secondary schools in Delta State. From the findings, recommendations were made which include and among them were that principals in the secondary schools should encourage and support the teachers to employ other direct teaching strategies such as seminars, individualized instruction method, peer tutoring, team teaching and sharing students into different reading groups for improving students’ learning in business education in secondary schools in Delta State.
The Upshot of Mnemonics on Gender and Other Learning Outcomes of Senior Secondary School Students in Biology (Published)
Citation: Funmilayo Elizabeth Olu-Ajayi (2022) The Upshot of Mnemonics on Gender and Other Learning Outcomes of Senior Secondary School Students in Biology, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 10, No.3, pp.16-25
Abstract: This study investigated the effects of Mnemonics Instructional Strategy on Secondary School Students’ learning outcomes in Biology. Moderating effects of Gender was also examined. The study adopted the pretest-posttest control group, quasi experimental design with 2×2 factorial matrixes. One hundred and twenty students from six public Schools selected from three Senatorial Districts in Ekiti State, Nigeria, participated in the study. Two instruments were developed and used: ‘Students’ Biology Achievement Test’ (SBAT) and ‘Students’ Interest and Attitude towards Biology’ (SIAB). The face and content validity of instruments was ensured by professional Biology teachers and experts in the field of Science Education. Reliability was done using test-retest method and adjudged to be reliable with results on Students’ Biology Achievement Test (r=0.82) and Students’ Interest and Attitude towards Biology (r=0.78). Also used were operational guides on Mnemonic Instructional Strategy, and Conventional Teaching Method. Three Null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significant. Data collected was analyzed using Analysis of Covariance. The study revealed a significant effect of treatment on students’ performance in, interest and attitude towards Biology, Gender have no significant effect on students’ performance, interest and attitude towards Biology. The study recommends that, teachers should employ Mnemonics Strategy to create a Students’-centered teaching and learning, which will enhance Students’ interest and attitude towards Biology, hence bring about an improved performance of Students in Biology.
Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) On Students’ Academic Achievement in Chemistry among Boys and Girls in Public Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Ekundayo S. K. (2022) Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) On Students’ Academic Achievement in Chemistry among Boys and Girls in Public Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 2, pp. 31-41
Abstract: This study investigated the effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) on students’ achievement in Chemistry among boys and girls in public secondary schools in Ondo State. A quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. The sample for the study consisted of 240 senior secondary school two (SSS II) intact class Chemistry students selected in stages using simple random sampling technique. Three schools were selected from three local government areas from the three senatorial districts in Ondo State. The students in the experimental groups were exposed to CAI while the control group was taught with the conventional teaching method. Chemistry Achievement Test (CAT) with a reliability coefficient of 0.81 was used to collect relevant data for the study. The experimental group was treated using CAI package while the control group was treated using the conventional classroom teaching. Analysis of Co-variance (ANCOVA) and t-test were used to test the research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result from the study showed that there was no significant difference between the achievement of male and female students in both the experimental and the control groups respectively. The results showed that when exposed to CAI, female students performed better than their counterparts. Based on the findings of the study, it could be concluded that the use of CAI has not shown any better effectiveness in the achievement of students. However, the method is a modern day of imparting knowledge. In another dimension, when both males and females are taught with the use of CAI, the method appeared to favour females than males. This suggests that the method us gender-biased. Based on the findings of the research, it is recommended that the potential of computer-assisted instruction should be utilised to enhance better achievement of the students in Chemistry, most especially among females while the male students also be encouraged to key into the use of the method for the flexibility of teaching and learning.
Effect of Brain-Based Strategy on Senior Secondary School Students’ Performance in Mathematics in Ekiti State (Published)
The study examined the effect of brain-based strategy on senior secondary school students’ performance in Mathematics in Ekiti State. The study adopted the quasi-experimental of pre-test, post-test design. The population for the study consisted of all the Senior Secondary School three (S.S.S. II) students in all public Secondary Schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The sample consisted of 181 S.S.S. II found in intact classes of the four schools that were selected for the study through multistage sampling procedure. Mathematical Based Performance Test (MBPT) was used to collect the needed data for this study. The instrument consisted of 50 items to examine the performance of students in Mathematics. The experimental procedure for the study was in three stages: the pre-treatment stage (one week), the treatment stage (ten weeks) and the post-treatment stage (one week). The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. It was revealed that brain-based strategy was more effective and reliable than the conventional method. It was recommended among others that brain-based strategy should be adopted as a means of instruction during Mathematics class. This will enable Mathematics teachers to pay more attention to individual students in teaching-learning process.
Influence of Peers and Parental Lifestyles on Alcohol Use and Abuse among Students of Tertiary Institutions in Northern Nigeria (Published)
The use and abuse of alcohol in Nigeria have been on the increase among youths and old people alike. The prevalence of peer pressure or influence can become overwhelming, especially to students who have subjected themselves to sources of alcohol that results in degradation of school careers. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of peer pressure and parental lifestyle on alcohol use and abuse among students of tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria. To achieve this purpose, A total of 660 respondents from colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Universities in the region were used. The instrument for data collection was the Tertiary Institution Students’ Alcohol Use and Abuse Questionnaire (TISAUAQ). Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and inferential statistics of Chi-square test at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings from the study, it was revealed that peer influences alcohol use among students of tertiary institutions as male students were better coordinated under the influence of moderate alcohol than female students; male students were influenced more to drink alcohol regularly than female students. It was discovered that parental lifestyles influence on alcohol use and abuse; as alcohol is shared during festivities while parents also drink in the presence of their children. There is strong statistical evidence on the influence of peer group on alcohol use and abuse among students of different tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria. Also there is strong significant statistical evidence on the influence of parental lifestyle on alcohol use and abuse among students of different tertiary institution in Northern Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that parents should desist from drinking alcohol in the presence of their children as this lifestyle could greatly influence their children’s level of alcohol use and abuse. This study also infers that all tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria should have a functional Guidance and Counselling Centre with professional Guidance and Counsellors that would handle student’s developmental and societal challenges. Health Educators should make provisions for information and skills that are relevant to the youth and students on alcohol use and abuse.
Citation: Mohammed Aliyu and Musa Umar (2022) Influence of Peers and Parental Lifestyles on Alcohol Use and Abuse among Students of Tertiary Institutions in Northern Nigeria, International Journal of Public Health, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 7, No.1, pp.1-13
Tone of School Discipline and Level of Morality among Secondary School Students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria and Need For Guidance and Counselling Interventions (Published)
The essence of this study was to investigate the influence of tone of school discipline and the level of morality among secondary school students in Calabar education zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. To guide the study, one hypothesis was formulated at 0.05 level of significance, using stratified and simple random sampling. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire titled Tone of School Discipline and Level of Morality among Secondary School Students Questionnaire (TSDLMASSSQ). The instrument had a reliability indices ranging from 0.70 to 0.80, using Chrombach alpha reliability estimate. The study adopted ex-post facto research design and the statistical tool for data analysis were simple linear regression and t-test. The result revealed an R-squared value of .084, which means that about 8.4% of the total variation in the level of morality was explained by the variation in the tone of discipline in the school. The result revealed and F-value of 45.953 (P-value =.000). Thus, the null hypothesis was rejected in favour of the alternative. This means that there is significant influence of tone of discipline in the school on the level of morality among secondary school students. It was recommended that teachers should be counseled not to depend on the use of force, threat and punishment to foster discipline or morals as this may have adverse effect on the level of morality among student. But students should be encouraged to contact their guidance counsellor for professional counselling
Citation: Philip A. Okpechi and Ambor A. Ogar, (2022) Tone of School Discipline and Level of Morality among Secondary School Students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria and Need For Guidance and Counselling Interventions, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 1, pp. 64-72
Composition writing is a crucial component in assessing students’ mastery and proficiency of English language across all levels of the Ghanaian educational system. In this study, we sought to identify the impact of errors on the student-teachers’ written communication in Colleges of Education in Ghana. The study purposed to determine how the errors affected the students’ written communication. A qualitative approach, with a case study design was used for the study. The study targeted second-year College of Education students in Jasikan and St. Teresa’s Colleges of Education, with a total of 100 students and 5 tutors randomly and purposively sampled respectively. Text analyses and a semi-structured interview were employed to collect data and the data were analyzed thematically. It was found that these errors have significant impact on students’ written communication. Student-teachers’ errors transcend onto pupils in class and students’ communication is often not clear.
Citation: Silas Afeadie and Samuel Bruce Kpeglo (2022) Impact of Errors on the College of Education Students’ Written Communication, International Journal of English Language Teaching, Vol.10, No.1, pp., 23-34
The Impact of Collaborative Writing on Kuwaiti High School Students’ Writing Development (Published)
This study investigates the frameworks in which Kuwaiti high school students studying English as a foreign language engaged in collaborative writing exercises to determine the impact on the content of their independent and collectively written texts. Participants included final year high school students with an intermediate level of English proficiency (i.e., upper-intermediate or B2 on the CEFR index). This research paper examines the mechanisms in which participants engaged as part of their collaborative writing exercises and the effect of such engagement on their independent and collective writing content. The research adopted quantitative methodology for data collection through holistic proficiency sources. Empirical ranking of participants’ scores led to two conclusions on how teamwork in small groups influenced the content of student texts produced collaboratively and independently. In addition, collaborative writing tended to increase output in both classes. Although both groups of students improved in various learning areas, they scored higher overall on the second writing challenge.
The purpose of this article is to build a scale allowing students to get reliable, scientific, and complete perceptions of their engagement in physical education (PE) classes. The study’s findings were based on traditional sports science research methods such as document synthesis and analysis, expert interviews, and Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient testing of the questionnaire’s reliability. To measure student engagement in physical education, the authors developed a questionnaire with 19 items covering three aspects: intellectual engagement: 06 items, cognitive engagement: 06 items, and learning engagement (active learning): 7 items. The results indicated that students have a positive perception of PE’s meaning and roles, but they are not totally involved in intelligence and active learning.
Learners’ Attitude and Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Mathematics in Bayelsa State, Nigeria (Published)
The study was carried out to examine learners’ attitude and Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Mathematics in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Two research questions were posed and two corresponding hypotheses were equally formulated. The study adopted an ex-post-facto research design. The population of the study consisted of all the 10,818 S.S.2 students in the eight local government areas in Bayelsa State whereas the sample size of the study was 480 obtained through cluster random sampling techniques. Two instruments were used to obtain data for the study which include Mathematics Attitude Inventory (MAI) and Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT). The Mathematics Achievement Test was validated by two senior secondary school teachers while the reliability of the instrument was 0.77 obtained using alternate form reliability method. Other instrument was standardized instrument whose validation and reliability have been established over time. Mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics were used to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses respectively. Findings of the study revealed that there is a significant difference in the academic performance of students with positive and negative attitudes in mathematics in Bayelsa State secondary schools. The study recommended amongst others that Mathematics teachers should develop a very friendly attitudes to students during lesson, this could motivate students who possess low or no interest to mathematics.
This paper examines the negative effect of procrastination among post-primary education in Nigeria. Similany, it shows the causes of procrastination among the students. Yet, the types of procrastination were examined and also the effects of procrastinations were properly stated and why students procrastinate thoroughly explained.
Computer Mediated Communication and Academic Performance of University Students’ in Nigeria (Published)
This study on Computer Mediated Communication and Academic Performance of University Students’ in Nigeria has as its objectives to ascertain the level of exposure, determine the level of dependence, ascertain the level of application and gratification derived from the use of computer mediated communication by University students’ in Nigeria. The research design used for data collection was opinion survey, with questionnaire and personal interviews as research instruments. The population of the study comprised students of Akwa Ibom State University, which is 8,999 (wwwaksu.edu.ng). The sample size of 400 was determined using Taro Yamani’s sample size determination formula. The research adopted two sampling procedures for selecting samples for the study. The data collected from the questionnaire were analysed in simple percentages and the personal interview were analysed qualitatively using explanation building based on the research questions. The study which was anchored on Computer Mediated Communication theory and Technology Determinism theory found out that majority of respondents (61%) agreed that the level of application/dependence on CMC was very little. The study further revealed that respondents perceived the level of application/dependence on CMC to be unsatisfactory. The study further revealed factors affecting CMC implementation in Akwa Ibom State University to include poor quality of internet signals, learners perception of social presence in CMC, lack of data, inadequate computer/laptops in the university and insufficient electricity on campus.
Use of Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) Among Library Users: A Case Study of Olusegun Oke Library, Lautech, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)
In this study an attempt has been made to know the purpose of using OPAC, how frequently users use OPAC, the satisfaction derived and the problems faced by users while using OPAC using the Olusegun Oke Library, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso, and Oyo State, Nigeria as a case study. The study adopted the descriptive survey method. A structured questionnaire was designed to collect data. 150 questionnaires were distributed to users out of which 130 were collected representing 87% and all found useable for the study. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentage and frequency counts. Findings of the study revealed that the rate at which users use the OPAC at the Olusegun Oke Library is quite high. The findings also revealed that majority of the respondents (33.0%) use the OPAC in finding journals and other reading materials, while 23.1% use the OPAC to know the availability of books in the library. Some of the problems observed from the study revealed that OPAC is not functioning properly, searching is time consuming, failure rate is more, there is lack of instruction and proper guidance from library staff on the use of OPAC. Therefore, the study suggests that improvement of OPAC functionality and the others as a matter of urgency needs the library management attention for the effective and proper utilization of OPAC.
Citation: Isau Adewole Adegun, John Olugbenga Akinola, Olatundun Oluwatoyin Oyewumi, Samuel Olusegun Adepoju (2021) , Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) Among Library Users: A Case Study of Olusegun Oke Library, Lautech, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Library and Information Science Studies, Vol.7, No.5, pp.11-18
Cooperative Learning and Classroom Participation among Electrical Engineering Students of Takoradi Technical University (Published)
In-class participation has become increasingly important with millennial generation students who demand more interaction from their classroom experience. An experimental model was carried out by this research which used a control and experimental group in which cooperative learning was used an intervention. A total of 24 level 100 students were sampled. The random sampling was used to give a fair and equal chance to all members of the electrical level 100 students of 2020/2021 academic year. Data collection was by participant observation with the help of the observation rubric, and recorded intervention. The findings revealed an atmosphere in the classroom during the implementation of the cooperative learning was full of enthusiasm and for the first time the researchers saw that almost all students were active and none of them was dull. The study recommended that administrators of higher Educational institutions should encourage the teaching community to vary the teaching styles to be able to engage students in their courses of study for higher academic achievement
Citation: Adwoa Kwegyiriba, Ronald Osei Mensah,Pearl Adiza Babah and Edwin Bagidah (2021) Cooperative Learning and Classroom Participation among Electrical Engineering Students of Takoradi Technical University, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 9, No.6, pp.18-29
Assessment of Student Awareness and Knowledge about Contaminated mobiles at colleges in Kuwait (Published)
In this era, most people of all ages possess a mobile phone; these mobiles are essential gadgets that became significantly advanced in technology and are convenient for communication, making life easier globally. The aim of this study is to investigate and assist the students’ Awareness and Knowledge about Contaminated mobiles at colleges in Kuwait. A self- administered questionnaire was distributed among 150 college students that were randomly selected and were asked to answer the questionnaire genuinely. These college students were from different departments such as; Medical laboratory, dental, natural science, nutrition, the department of pharmacology and nursing college. The questionnaire was analyzed statistically using SPSS versionV26. Results show that college students had a lack of awareness, knowledge attitude and behavior towards contaminated mobiles and the transmission of pathogens.
The purpose of this study is to find out Muslim students preachers use of social media for preaching purposes. This study is employes quantitative method. Survey was distributed to 90 students within Islamic Communication department at State Institut for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Palu. The finding show that most students agree that the use of social media can help them to acces new information relating to Islamic knowledge. The students also agree that the social media can help them to build personal identity because the interact with other preachers in online space. More importantly, the use of social media has increased their knowledge regarding how to deliver preaching. As a result, they believe that the use social media can help them to deliver dakwah or preaching easily because it can reduce time and hinder geographical barriers. We argue that the findings may effect Islamic education institution to change their students’ perspective in delivering dakwah with new media.
Family type, family size and scholastic success of social studies students in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This study was designed to ascertain the relationship between family size, family type and scholastic success of Social Studies students in Cross River State. To achieve the purpose of this study, two null hypotheses were formulated to be tested at .05 confidence level. An Ex-post facto design was adopted for the study. One thousand (1000) Social Studies students were selected for the study through proportionate stratified random sampling and simple random sampling techniques from a population of 19,169 junior secondary three students. Family type was categorized into two (monogamous and polygamous) while Family size was categorized into three (large, medium and small). The only instrument for the study was the Social Studies Academic Achievement Test (SOSAAT). The SOSAAT was paired with the categorized variables for data collection and trial tested using the split-half reliability estimate to establish reliability indexes of 0, 78 and 0.82 while the reliability coefficient for performance test was 0.79 respectively. The reliability test was conducted in one of the schools within the study population but not among the sampled schools for the main study. The data collected were duly coded and analyzed in consistent with the formulated hypotheses using the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test-statistics. The results revealed that students’ family size and family type are significantly related to students’ scholastic success in Social Studies. Based on these findings it was concluded that students’ scholastic success is dependent on family size and family type. The work recommended, inter alia, that since small size family has greater positive influence on scholastic success of students in Social Studies, parents should maintain small size families they can adequately nurture and positively impact on. Moreover, parents should endeavour to live together and maintain intact homes so that they can give children the warmth, nurture and encouragement to contribute to the development of the required academic excellence.