Influence of Street Hawking on Study Habit and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria (Published)
Unemployment and poor economic condition of many families in Nigeria has forced some parents to engage their children in street hawking to support family income. This can have hazardous effects on the children and put their future at risk. This paper examined the impact of street hawking on study habits and academic performance of secondary school students in Ado Ekiti. The population consisted of all students involved in hawking in secondary schools. The sample was 180 secondary school students selected through purposive sampling technique. One research question was raised and three research hypotheses were tested. Two instruments titled “Questionnaire on Street Hawking and Study Habit (QSHSH)” and “Social Studies Achievement Test (SSAT)” validated and tested for reliability were used for the study. The reliability test yielded 0.74 and 0.71 coefficients for QSHSH and SSAT respectively. Data collected were analysed using frequency count, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation at 0.05 level of significance. Finding of the study revealed that student hawkers exhibited poor study habits which led to their poor academic performance. It was recommended among others that student hawkers should learn to form good study habits of reading and preparing early for examination so as to improve their academic performance while government should improve the standard of living of the people in order to reduce poverty which is the main cause of street hawking.
The present study aimed to explore the attitudes of undergraduate students towards using e-exams for assessment in Jordan. It also aimed to identify the challenges facing Jordanian universities in using e-exams for assessment. The researcher designed a questionnaire. A purposive sample was selected from the University of Jordan. It consists from (93) undergraduate students who were selected from two sections of the (national education) course at the University of Jordan. Questionnaire forms were distributed to the sample members by hand. All the forms were retrieved. However, (87) forms are considered valid for statistical analysis. The response rate is (100% Percentages), standard deviations and means are calculated. It was found that respondents have positive attitudes towards using e-exams for assessment in Jordan. It was found that the severity of the challenges facing Jordanian universities in using e-exams for assessment is high. It was found that e-exam makes students feel less stressed than the paper-based exam.
The objectives of the study are to examine impact of classroom environment on the academic performance of students in English language as well as their performance difference by gender. Survey and Correlation research designs were employed. The population of the study involved 183 teachers and 2003 SS III students in the selected schools. 401 students representing 20% and 183 teachers were randomly selected. Self-developed questionnaire and profoma were used for collection of data for this study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of Mean and Standard Deviation and Multiple Regression Analysis. The findings of the study revealed that classroom environment has strong impact on the academic performance of students in English language. On the gender basis, there was no significant difference in the performance of students. Therefore, it was recommended that school management should provide all necessary facilities in the classroom in order to create enabling environment for students overall development.
Gender Experiences, Teacher Qualification and Students Outcome in English Language among Senior Secondary School Students in Ibadan (Published)
This study examines the relationship between gender experiences and teachers qualification on academic outcome in English language among senior secondary school students in Ibadan. The study adopted descriptive research design while the population is the whole secondary school students in Ibadan. It also adopts Simple random sampling techniques to select one hundred and fifty (150) secondary school students and one hundred and fifty (150) teachers of senior secondary school students totaling three hundred (300) respondents. Questionnaires were the main instruments used for data collection in this study. The questionnaire tagged Gender and Academic Experience Questionnaire (GAEQ) and Teachers Qualification Questionnaire (TQQ). The instrument was validated by the researcher and pilot tested within two weeks which was later yielded r=0.72 and r=0.76 using alpha Cronbach reliability estimation. Based on this research finding, the following recommendations were made that; the individual differences of the learners should be taken care of based on their gender differences as regard their academic pursuit and the teacher of English language should try as much as possible to update themselves by attending seminars and conferences in order to acquire modern skills for their profession/discipline among others.
Effects of Social Media on the Academic Achievement of Students: A Case Study of the Students of the Department of Arts Education, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria (Published)
Information and communication technology (ICT) has experienced a huge transformation over the past decade. This has culminated into the world becoming a global village. Today most people use the social media for a variety of purposes. With the number of social media users growing worldwide, it is important to ascertain its effects on students’ academic performance. This paper, anchored on the time displacement theory, investigated the effects of the social media on the achievement of students of the Department of Arts Education, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The sample consist 400 students across the 4 levels. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire titled Social Media and Academic Achievement Questionnaire (SMAAQ) developed by the researchers. The data was analyzed using simple percentage. The result of the study reveals that majority of the students use social media, spending a lot of time which displaces their study time. Based on this finding, the paper recommends that tertiary institutions should devise strategies where students could utilize social media for academic use instead of other uses which have negative effects on their studies.
The Efficiency in the Cognitive Representation of Information among the Students’ Enrolled in the Faculty of Education at the University of Hail in the light of some variables (Published)
The present study aimed to identify the extent of efficiency in the cognitive representation of information among the students’ enrolled in the faculty of education at the University of Hail. The study’s sample consists from 320 female and male students. The researcher used the cognitive representation scale which was developed by Rajab (2007). It was found that the level of the cognitive representation efficiency is moderate among those students. The efficiency in adopting the feature comparison model is ranked first. The efficiency in adopting the cognitive network modelis ranked second. The efficiency in adopting the spreading activation model is ranked third. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ cognitive representation efficiency level which can be attributed to gender. The latter difference is for the favor of females. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic year. The latter difference is for the favor of fourth year students. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic achievement level. The latter difference is for the favor of the students whose academic achievement is excellent.
Sexual Behaviour and Attitudes to Sexual Behavioural Outcomes amongst Secondary School Students in Edo State (Published)
Senior secondary students are usually in their early and late teenage years; this period encompasses pubertal development with sexual characteristics that are explored by them. This study is thus aimed at assessing sexual behavior vis-à-vis behavioral outcomes amongst secondary school students in Edo state. This cross sectional study was conducted on 462 students in some secondary schools in Edo state using a multistaged sampling technique. Results: The mean ages of the subjects were 15.31±3.87 and 16.11± 2.97 for females and males respectively. 33% of respondents indulge in watching sex movies; however this percentage were predominantly males accounting for 24%. This percentage was closely followed by more males (20.6%) indulging in sex than females (7.8%). At the age of 13 years males and females had the same percentages (4.6%) in terms of indulging in sexual intercourse, at 14 and 15 years more males involved in sex than females. More than half of the respondents (55.6%) reported being shy to ask for condoms for sex despite the fact that 89.6% of respondents did not approve of premarital sex. Similarly 52.8% of respondents feel shy to see a doctor or nurse when they are faced with the challenge of sexually transmitted disease. Conclusion: Males across the teenage years were more exploitative in indulging in sex than their female counterparts. We therefore recommend enlightenment on safe behavioral approach to sex and sexual outcomes amongst secondary school students to forestall unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted disease.
School Culture: Implication to Academic Performance of the Students in Tertiary Institutions, Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines school subculture; implication to the academic performance of the students in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. However, many students are ignorance of join the negative subculture .Yet, there is no ways for them to come out from deadly subculture, because they have made vowed that they should stay with their members forever. Similarly, the cause’s negative subculture were thoroughly examined and also the effects are critical discussed while implication of negative subculture were well explained. Indeed, many students in tertiary institutions were the victims of deadly bad groups in Nigeria tertiary institutions.
The number of students seeking and getting admission into universities increases every year, and this has led to the failure of the original design of university hostels. Furthermore, student hostels in Nigeria have not received the desired attention from the government and management of institutions; there have been reported cases of students taking ill in hostels as a result of poor sanitary conditions. Thus, these have led to the study of university male hostels with the aim of assessing their facilities, in order to generate guidelines to improve the design, quality and worth of university hostels in Nigeria. To achieve this, primary and secondary research data were collected. The primary research data were from questionnaires administered to 100 students who are residents of the university hostel and direct observations of facilities in the university hostels. The secondary data were reviews of relevant literature from journals, books and other academic materials. Tables and photographs were used to present the research data. Among the findings of the research are: adequate storage facilities are not provided in the hostel bed rooms, and this has made the students to keep their properties indiscriminately; poor maintenance of hostel facilities is a challenge faced by the students. Among the recommended guidelines are: adequate storage facilities should be provided in the hostel bed rooms in the universities at the design stages to stop the students from keeping their properties indiscriminately; the university hostel facilities should be well maintained.
The Effects of Single Parent on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines the effects of single parent on academic performance of secondary school students in Nigeria. Yet, it critical examination the challenges which the children of single parents encounter in secondary education. It also explain the causes of single parenting. Similarly, it stated clearly the effects of single parenting on academic achievement of secondary school students. Otherwise, it emphasis implication of single parenting on academic performance of their children in secondary education in Nigeria.
Examination Malpractices and Corruption among Students at Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Nigeria (Published)
Examination malpractices have become a recurrent decimal in higher institutions in Nigeria. Misconducts in examinations tend to have a connection with corrupt practices involving students in these institutions as it provides opportunities for them to get an education by fraudulent means. That questions the validity and credibility of the grades they earn in academics and reflects in their overall performances in the labour market. Based on the Bandura’s social cognitive learning theory, an ex-post facto was conducted to inquire about the correlation between examination malpractices and corruption among students in Cross River University of Technology (CRUTECH), Calabar, Nigeria. Three research questions and null hypotheses were developed for the study. 800 participants were randomly recruited from the population within the research site. Data was analyzed via Pearson product moment correlation coefficient statistic. The findings indicated that cheating, gratification and bribery have significant relationships with corruption among students at CRUTECH. Simply put, these are among the practices students employed to commit examination fraud. It is recommended that key stakeholders, inter alia, need to develop holistic and workable methods to curb the menace in the interest of national development.
Using Activity Method to Teach Second Year Diploma Students Selected Topics in Biology: A Case of St. Monica’s College of Education, Mampong (Published)
The purpose of the study was to use the constructivist teaching and learning approach to teach Biology. Four research questions were set to guide the study and the design adopted for the study was a case study. Questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data from one hundred and twenty three students for the study. The research findings helped to conclude that the activity method of teaching Biology helps to improve learning, learning of Biology content had improved and generally the result show that student have positive attitude towards Biology. The result further indicated that activity method of teaching motivates the teacher trainees to learn science.
The Effectiveness of Counseling Group Program for Prevention of Mental Retardation among Students of Counseling and Special Education at Ajloun National University/Jordan (Published)
The study aimed to identify the effectiveness of counseling group program for prevention of mental Retardation among students of Counseling and Special education at Ajloun National University ,and to achieve that, it was chosen a sample consisted of (42)students from counseling and special education at the 2 nd year. The sample divided into two groups: the control group consists of (21) and the experimental group consists of (21). It was used the counseling group program that contains identifying Mental Retardation, its causes and the ways of prevention, it was used a scale of (pre-test, post-test ) &( the mental retardation exam) that consists of (11) items that measure the skills of identifying Mental Retardation, its causes and the ways of prevention, it was used (T. test) and ANCOVA at the statistical treatment, and the results showed:
- the effectiveness of the program of prevention from mental retardation at the experimental group without the control group.
- There were statistically significant differences at ( α≤ 0.05)in favor to females at the (post – exam) scale of prevention from mental retardation.
There were statistically significant differences at ( α≤ 0.05) in favor to special education at the (post – exam ) scale of prevention from mental retardation
Purpose – The study examines the bank selection criteria employed by Ghanaian university students. Design/methodology/approach – We used convenience sampling to select 997 students aged between 15-30 years from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Exploratory factor analysis was first conducted to determine the constructs that measure students’ selection of bank criteria. Using binary logistic regression, the extracted constructs were used as independent variable on the bank patronized. The effects of student demographics on the bank selection criteria was also determined using a multiple linear regression. Findings – The study extracted six constructs that measured bank selection criteria by university students. These were operational competence, external influence, physical evidence, e-banking facilities, convenience and cost of operating bank account. Out these, e-banking facility, convenience and cost of operating bank account, were statistically significant at determining the selection of bank. The department students belonged to (social science or pure science) affected the level of weight placed on cost of operation. Age of respondents and department affected the premium placed on e-banking. Finally, employment status and department affected the level of importance student attached to convenience as a selection criterion. Gender of students had no statistical effect on any of the bank selection criteria. Originality/value – The reviewed literature showed that, researchers either explored in isolation, bank characteristics influencing bank selection by clients, or client demographic and preference for bank and its characteristics. This study sought to feel this gap by combining the two, to provide a more robust model in explaining students’ selection of bank.
Modern School Management and Its Impact on the Academic Achievement of the Students of the Basic Stage in Jordanian Public Schools (Published)
The study aimed to identify the modern school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in the Jordanian government schools. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. Directorate of Education Jerash, While the sample of the study consisted of (20) students from Jerash Elementary School for Boys. The study found that there is a statistically significant effect of the modern school administration on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools. Modern administration in the various directorates of education affiliated to the Jordanian Ministry of Education.
This paper examines the impact of procrastination on students’ academic performance of secondary school in Nigeria. Similarly, it shows the causes of procrastination among the students. Yet, the types of procrastination are examined and also the effects of procrastinations and implication of procrastination on students’ academic performance are properly discussed and why students procrastinate is thoroughly explained.
Peer Led Team Learning and Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Arithmetic Progression in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
This study sought to determine the influence of peer led team learning of secondary school students’ academic performance in arithmetic progression in mathematics. Two each of purpose of study, research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the investigation. Quasi-experimental research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was all SS2 students in pubic secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria numbering 5768. The sample was made up of 400 SS2 students selected from two secondary schools in the Local Government Area. Data for the study were gathered using a researcher made “Mathematics Achievement Test in Arithmetic Progression” (MATAP). The reliability of the instrument was determined using split half method, which yielded a coefficient of 0.78. The findings of the study revealed that students taught arithmetic progression using peer led team learning method performed better than students taught using lecture method. The result also indicated that male and female students taught arithmetic progression using peer led team learning do not differ significantly in their academic performance. It was recommended among others that teachers should use peer led team learning in the teaching of Arithmetic Progression.
This purpose of this paper is to explore the key success factors influencing students trust on Tesco grocery services. Using survey approach, the study adopted, simple random sampling in selecting a total of 70 students of the University of Bedfordshire who shop at Tesco. The analysis shows that organisations feel that customer trust gradually turns into customer loyalty. The findings revealed that a number of factors shapes students trust in Tesco grocery services mainly convenience, price and the quality of products and services.
Increasing Student’s Interpersonal Intelligence by Using “Metinggo Ulo” Games In Adhyaksa Xii Kindergarten Kendari (Published)
This research aimed to know the application of “metinggo ulo” as an educative games in increasing student’s interpersonal intelligence of Adhyaksa Kindergarten XII in Kendari. The subject of the research are all of the students at B1 class in Adhyaksa Kindergarten XII Kendari that has the total students 30 persons. The result of the research it show that at the second cycle, there are changes from first cycle. At the first cycle, the acquirenment score mostly less than 63.33%, all of the studens are increase althout their acquirenment score are various. At the second cycle, the classical completios increase for 8 students in or 33.33% from 29 students or 96.67 %. So that, based one the classical completion standard which counted 70 %, the result at the second cycle shows the students in B1 class has complete in Metinggo Ulo as a games which is aimed to increase the student’s interpersonal intelligence with the classical completion which counted for 96.67 %.The conclution of the research is by “metinggo ulo” games, can increase student’s interpersonal intelligence. This case can be seen at the first cycle where students who where complete counted for 63.33 %, and at the second cycle students who are complete counted for 96,67 %, when it is consulted to the objective of this research.
Competency Analysis of Music Art Pamong Teacher Certified and its Relationship with Student Competence in Partners School of State University of Medan (Unimed), Medan, Indonesia (Published)
This study aims to find out about the competence of certified music artisan teachers and their relationship to the competence of PPL students in the partner schools of Medan State University. The method used in this study is the preparation and validation of the research instrument consisting of sequences, interviews and documentation. The questionnaire used is closed and uses scalali- tics. Interviews are conducted with the researchers to raise the questions of the students about the school to obtain the data of the teacher certification of teacher certification. Documentation should be carried out with the assessment of the certification of the teacher certification committee. The results obtained in this study were that the average level of competency in post-certified teacher performance at PPL UNIMED partner Senior High School was 78.77% which consisted of pedagogic competence on average 87.52% (competency category), 87.35% (categorical competence) competency, 87.60% (categorical competence) and professional competency. 51.08% (category of competency). The lowest level of competency in teacher performance after certification is professional competence, still in the category of less competent (an average of 51.08%).