Tag Archives: Student

The Conflict Management Strategies used in Conflicts between Teachers and Students: A case study, Kotebe Metropolitan University, Department of English in Focus (Published)

The aim of this study is to investigate the sources of conflict between students and teachers, how they are managed, and their effect on students and thus gain insight about student-teacher conflicts at Kotebe Metropolitan University, Faculty of Languages and Humanities, Department of English Language and Literature. The study is a qualitative one and has been carried out with the method of case study. The method of criterion sampling which is one of the methods of purposeful sampling is used in the qualitative study tradition. Participatory observation technique and semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. The study has shown that the main reasons for the conflict between teachers and their students were the existence of poor and insufficient communication between the parties involved, and teacher dominance in such interactions. It has also shown that inappropriate conflict solving strategies negatively affect the students’ psychology, social behavior as well as their academic success. It is absolutely necessary to manage the teacher student conflict correctly in order to create a positive school climate and to conduct the education process effectively.

Keywords: Conflict, Student, Teacher, conflict management, reason for conflict

Achievement Motivation as a Predictor of Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary School Student in Mathematics (Published)

This study examined the achievement motivation as predictor of academic achievement among Senior Secondary School II students in Edo State The study sample consisted of 698 students who were randomly sampled from the population of 27,937 students in pubic secondary school II students in Edo Sate. The sample size of this study is 2.5% of the entire population of 27,937 which is 698. The sample was drawn from the population using the multi-stage sampling technique. This involves selection of sample in stages. There are eighteen Local Government Areas in Edo State, divided into three (3) senatorial  districts – Edo North (5 local Government Areas); Edo Central (6 Local Government Areas); Edo South (7 Local Government Areas).  Both the independent and dependent variables were measured with relevant standardized instruments.  To guide the study, three (3) research questions and a null hypothesis was raised.  Data collected were analyzed using Pearson r correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression statistical techniques. The results showed that achievement motivation predicted students’ academic achievement in mathematic. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that achievement motivation should be enhanced using appropriate counseling strategies.

Keywords: Achievement, Mathematics, Motivation, Student, senior secondary

Improving Training Quality of Vietnam Private Universities: A Case of Lac Hong University in the Context the International Integration (Published)

The objective of the study is to analyze the key factors affecting the training quality of Lac Hong University in order to meet the context of international integration in Vietnam. Based research results, the researcher has the managerial implications for improving the training quality of Lac Hong University (LHU) in Dong Nai province. This is one of the most important roles to develop LHU and enhance the measurement scale as well as the theoretical model illustrated to the relationship between the key factors and the training quality. The official quantitative studied with a sample of 500 students studying at LHU. The data collected from June 2016 to May 2018 and random sampling technique. The Data analyzed Cronbach’s Alpha and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) which used for multilinear regression. The tested results have the key factors affecting the training quality of Lac Hong University with significance level 0.01 based on 475 samples and 25 samples lacked information.

Keywords: LHU, Private University, Quality, Student, Training

Investigation of Some Factors Promoting Deviant Behaviour among Public Secondary School Students in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated factors promoting deviant behaviour among public secondary school students in Rivers state. The study was guided by three research questions and three hypotheses. Sample of 300 students were drawn through simple random sampling technique from three secondary schools in Obio Akpor LGA. Data was collected through questionnaire titled “Factors Promoting Deviant Behaviour Questionnaire” (FPDBQ) developed by the researchers. Reliability coefficient of 0.89 was obtained through test re-test. Mean and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses. The results revealed that poor family background, media and societal influence promote deviant behaviour among secondary school students. The study recommended that family counselling should be taken seriously by all practicing counsellors in Nigeria and parents should regulate what their children watch on televisions and cables.

Keywords: Behaviour, Deviant, Student

Issues of Quality in Teaching Practice Supervision among Open Distance Students: Student and Lecturer Input (Published)

While Teaching Practice (TP) students are expected to carry out teaching duties as guided by their training institutions and instructions from the school managers, there is need that all stakeholders get involved to improve the quality of the practicum. As such, the purpose of TP supervision is meant to achieve the set of objectives of training and building up a teacher to the level of acceptable standard.  This study was conducted with the open distance students who were following up a Post-Graduate Diploma in Education at Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU).  The study employed focus group method with participants and a few open ended questionnaires were administered. In the study it was established that TP supervision was regarded as effective in some ways such as being timeous but not productive in giving students room to air their opinions as discussions were dictatorial and hurriedly done. The study suggests, among other things, a relook by the University on the minimum numbers of students each TP supervisor should supervise on a given day, especially in remote areas where schools are far apart.

Keywords: : Teaching practice, Student, Supervision, distance learning, student teacher

An Overview of Mobile Application in Business Education Content Delivery among Student of Vocational and Technical Education (Published)

This paper examines mobile application in content delivery of Business education. Mobile Learning (M- Learning) as a new concept in the learning process which emphasizes the ability to facilitate the learning process without being tied to a physical location. Specifically, the study assessed devices for mobile learning, concept of Business education and its content, roles and advantages of mobile devices in learning Business education content. The study was conducted at University of Benin, Ugbowo campus, Benin City, Edo State. The population for the study was 140 students of 100level to 400level Vocational and Technical Education Department. Structured questionnaire were used to collect data from the 140 students. Data collected were analysed through content analysis and the Statistical Packages for Social Sciences. Pie chart and histogram were used to present results of quantifiable data. Results shows that students are willing to use the mobile technology in learning process and they have a positive perception and awareness to mobile technologies and will use the elements in mobile technology in learning process to improve their performance and interest in the learning of Business education. It is therefore recommended that teachers should be informed of the importance of Mobile Learning and how it can be used to help students exploit their leisure and change it into productive activity. Facilitators also should be trained on how to produce teaching materials and prepare their courses to suit Mobile Learning.

Keywords: Business Education, Content Delivery, Mobile Application, Student

The Role of School in the Development of the Students’ Reading Skills and Its Relationship to the Academic Achievement (A Case Study to the Basic School of Al-Fadil Bin Abbas) (Published)

The present study aimed at identifying the role of school in the development of the students’ reading skills and its relationship to their academic achievement. In order to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach where upon the study sample consisted of (125) students from the overall population of the study which reached at (1498). Following the application of the study tool, the researcher came to a result which indicates the presence of an effective role to the school in the development of the students’ reading skills. Moreover, it stated that there is a positive direct relationship between the students’ reading skills and their academic achievement. The researcher recommended the necessity of spreading awareness among the Arabic language teacher of the importance of enabling their students of the basic reading abilities before teaching them the principles of syntax, semantics and criticism or else.

Keywords: Achievement, Reading, Student, Teacher

Investigation of Students’ Attitudes about the Status of the Payame Noor University (Case Study: Saghez Branch) (Published)

The Payame Noor University (PNU), by breaking the barrier of Konkoor(University entrance examination) has faced with a rising trend of the students being admitted. The ever increasing trend of the students in current situation has made significant the necessity of the scientific structure of the university. The aim of the present research was to investigate the status of the Payame Noor University,  Saghez  branch from the view of the students studying at the university. Also, based on a theoretical framework and literature review, some elements of teaching staff, tutorial and self –learning books , examinations, class timelines , textbooks hours, library , electronic equipment , physical space and welfare facilities are investigated . After analyzing the data and concluding results, some recommendations are resented for the scientific promotion of the university.

Keywords: Electronic Equipment, Payame Noor, Saghez, Student, Tutorial Books, teaching staff

School Exclusion: To Exclude Or Not To Exclude? A Critical Consideration of a Range of Perennial Issues (Published)

This paper reviews the notion of school exclusion. The use of narrative, biographical research has been employed to find out the feelings of children who has been excluded from school. Moreover, alternative perspectives were gained as I interviewed staff at the school about the exclusion process. Issues such as why an exclusion may be beneficial and why on the other hand it may not be of benefit will be considered. Logistical issues such as childcare and the holistic wellbeing of students and practitioners will be addressed.

Keywords: Childcare, Range of Perennial Issues, School Exclusion, Student, children

Social studies teachers and students attitudes toward cooperative learning method in junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt (Published)

The study investigated social studies teachers and students attitudes toward Cooperative Learning Method (CLM) in Junior Secondary Schools (JSS) in Port Harcourt Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. The quasi-experimental design was used. A total of 240 JSS II students with an average age of 12 years and 11 social studies teachers participated in the study.  Two validated 10-item instruments, Students Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (SATCLMS) and Teachers Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (TATCLMS) were used for data collection. The test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the instruments to obtain reliability indices of 0.78 and 0.86 for SATCLMS and TATCLMS respectively. Two research questions guided the exploration. Percentages and frequency were used to answer the research questions. The findings of the study were that both teachers and students had positive attitudes towards CLM, however, teachers had more positive attitudes toward CLM than the students. It was recommended among others that teachers of social studies should adopt the CLM in their instructions in the classroom so as to impact on the attitudes of the students.

Keywords: Cooperative learning method, Social Studies, Student, Teacher, attitude, junior secondary school

Teacher- Student Relationship (Published)

The purpose of this study is to investigate teacher student relationship from the students’ point views in Umm- Alqura University. Data was collected byA questionnaire that was distributed on (293) on both female (171) and male (122) students. Students ranged from freshmen (65), juniors (87), sophomores (84) and seniors (57) in both the education (162) and scientific (131) fields. The questionnaire distributed consisted of 25 items on a likert scale ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. Data was then analyzed and the results showed no significant difference found among students’ gender, college and year of study.


Keywords: Relationship, Student, Teacher

Lifestyle Pattern Assessment among Taif University Medical Students (Published)

Introduction: Medical school is stressful throughout all courses of practicing which may contribute to the student’s unhealthy lifestyle patterns. The primary goal of the study is to assess the healthy habits practice among Taif University medical students and its relation to academic level. Methods: A cross-sectional study of the medical students from the second to sixth year at Taif University School of Medicine, Taif, Saudi Arabia that was conducted between December 2015 and January 2016. We used a Lifestyle Assessment Inventory questionnaire to assess the healthy habits. Each positive healthy response from each participant was counted as 1 point with a maximum score of 24 points. Those scored>18 points were considered to have very healthy lifestyle. Result: A total of 204 student with a mean age of 22.1 years, and majority of them were 5th year student. 52.9% reports unhealthy lifestyle patterns. Compared to the junior medical students, senior medical students were more likely to be older (p <0.001), more likely to reports very healthy lifestyle (p <0.011), walk more than junior (p 0.454), play less sport (p 0.856), find it easier to relax (p 0.331), more able to cope with daily stress (p 0.713), less likely to use seat belt (p 0.226), less likely to over speed (p 0.648), more likely to report optimal sleep (p 0.568), reports less family support (p 0.006), less likely to have close friends (p 0.009), less likely to smoke (p <0.001),less likely to reports eating 3 balanced meals per day (p 0.0403) (Table 2). Conclusion:  Overall, 52.9% of the screened students reports unhealthy lifestyle patterns. Seniors were significantly less likely to report social support, smoke and to use tobacco products.


Keywords: Lifestyle, Student, Taif, medical

Methods Followed By the Southern Ghor District Teachers to Increase the Motivation among Secondary Stage Student in English Language (Published)

This study aims at identifying the methods followed by the Southern Ghor District teachers to increase the motivation among secondary stage students in English language, as well as identifying the most modern methods that can be followed to provoke the students’ motivation in this sensitive phase of the student’s age. The present study also focused on the importance of learning motivation and the factors that influence this motivation. The researcher has chosen the study sample from the English language teachers in the southern Ghor District, specifically the secondary stage teachers who have long experience in teaching this age group for no less than two successive years. The study produced a number of significant results and recommendations, and most importantly the presence of disparity in the rates of using the methods of provoking motivation by the secondary stage students and that there are no statistically significant difference in using those methods due to the variables of the study sample (gender, experience, academic degree). The researcher also recommends the necessity of activating the role of the governmental entities through the Ministry of Education in supporting teachers to increase the motivation of their students by the provision of the required material and tools, in addition to holding training courses and workshops for teachers to raise their efficiency is increasing the learning motivation of the students through the available material and tools at schools.

Keywords: English Language, Motivation, Southern Ghor District, Student, Teachers

The Mediating Effects Of Home Learning On Student Achievement In Mathematics: A Longitudinal Study In Primary Schools In Ghana (Published)

The home learning environment as mediated by parental education and income is an important determinant of child learning outcomes. As part of a longitudinal study on teaching effectiveness in Ghana, this paper examines the joint effects of multiple variables related to  home learning environment that interconnect to impact on child academic performance in mathematics. A representative sample of 73 primary schools in Ghana was selected and written tests in mathematics were administered to all grade 6 students of the school sample both at the beginning and end of the school year 2013–2014. Data on student background factors were also collected. Our analytical techniques (i.e., multilevel modelling) take into account the hierarchical structure of schools (i.e., students nested within classes, and within schools). Controlling for the more basic student background factors, we find that the provision of learning resources at home, whiles ensuring that children are offered learning opportunities after school time were important.  Implications of findings are drawn.

Keywords: Achievement, Environment, Home, Learning, Student

Influence of Self and Social Awareness on Business Education Students’ Academic Performance in Federal Universities in South-South, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the influence of self and social awareness on Business Education students’ academic performance in Federal Universities in South-South, Nigeria.  Two specific objectives, two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study.  The ex-post facto research design was used for the study.  The population of the study consisted of all the 513 students who were at their second and third year of studies, in Business Education programme in the three Federal Universities in South-South, Nigeria that offer Business Education programme. A sample of 356 Business Education students from two intact years was selected for the study using stratified sampling technique. The validated instrument, Emotional Competency Inventory was used for data collection; an internal consistency reliability coefficient of 0.76 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha reliability technique.  Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while multiple regression analysis was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance.   The result revealed that there was a significant influence of self awareness and social awareness on Business Education students’ academic performance in Federal Universities in South-South, Nigeria. It is recommended, among others, that a balanced combination of emotional and cognitive strategies should be employed in training students. This will facilitate the identification, recognition and development of their emotional skills which will in turn contribute to their personal, academic and career success.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Business Education, Federal University, Student

Improving Language Proficiency and General Knowledge: A Case for Free Voluntary Reading. (Published)

Free voluntary reading is just as its name states. It is free reading; free in the sense that students chooses what material they want to read, choose to read or not to read and to report in class on the reading they have done or not. It is purely reading with no strings attached. This is a strategy voiced by Stephen Krashen and quite a good number of language educators have decided it is worth a short. Research reports support the assertion that those who read more do better in a wide variety of tests. They become better users of language and have a wider horizon of life. They are also reported to have a greater general knowledge. It is in view of these that this paper recommends FVR as a probable solution to the lamentably poor standard of English in schools and the general poor academic outcomes.

Keywords: Academic Outcomes, English, Free Reading, Language, Literature, Student

Improving Language Proficiency and General Knowledge: A Case for Free Voluntary Reading (Published)

Free voluntary reading is just as its name states. It is free reading; free in the sense that students chooses what material they want to read, choose to read or not to read and to report in class on the reading they have done or not. It is purely reading with no strings attached. This is a strategy voiced by Stephen Krashen and quite a good number of language educators have decided it is worth a short. Research reports support the assertion that those who read more do better in a wide variety of tests. They become better users of language and have a wider horizon of life. They are also reported to have a greater general knowledge. It is in view of these that this paper recommends FVR as a probable solution to the lamentably poor standard of English in schools and the general poor academic outcomes.

Keywords: Academic Outcome, Education, Knowledge, Language, Reading, Student

Evaluation of the Knowledge and Awareness of Non-Ionizing Radiation among Final Year Students of College of Medical Science University of Maiduguri. (Published)

This study was aimed at evaluating the level of knowledge, types, and Potential hazards of non-ionizing radiation among final year students of college of medical science, University of Maiduguri. A prospective cross sectional survey study was conducted among final year students of college of medical sciences, for 6 months periods, March to August, 2014. A total of 335 structured 12 items self-completion questionnaires were randomly distributed to participants and 312 were filled out and returned, with a response rate of 93.1%. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, where mean, percentages and frequencies where computed There were about 184, (59%) male participants and 128, (41%) female participants in the study with age ranged from 21 to 45 years with mean age of 28years. Majority of the respondents were within the age group of 21-26 years with 171, (54.8%). The department of MBBS/BDS had 122 (39.1%), BMLS had 61 (19.6%), Radiography had 52 (6.7%), Nursing Science had 38 (12.2%), physiotherapy had 20 (6.4%) and Anatomy had 19 (6.1%) number of participants. Majority of respondent, 162 (51.9%) wrongly thought ultraviolet ray, microwaves, radio waves and Extremely Low Frequency radiation are types of ionizing radiation. While 108 (34.6%) knew they are types of non-ionizing radiation. About 153 (49%) wrongly believed that ultrasonography (USS) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) uses ionizing radiation for diagnosis, while 139, (44.6%) knew they do not use ionizing radiation, and 20 (6.4%) did not know. Majority of the respondents 247 (79.2%), knew that excessive exposure to non-ionizing radiation could be hazardous. This study found insufficient knowledge on non-ionizing radiation and their types among final year students of college of medical science, however, participants were seen to have appreciable knowledge on potential hazards of non-ionizing radiation.

Keywords: Final year, Ionizing radiation, Non ionizing radiation, Radiation, Student

The Features of Effective English Teachers as Viewed by English Language Teachers and High School Students in Saudi Arabia (Published)

This paper aimed to study the features of effective English teachers as viewed by English language teachers and high school students in Saudi Arabia. The study consists of 17 English language teachers and 17 secondary school students, all from Saudi Arabia. The study depended on the descriptive approach to evaluate English teachers language proficiency, pedagogical knowledge and socio-affective features. The results asserts that the teachers advocated socio-affective skills, English proficiency, and pedagogical knowledge in order of importance, whereas the students advocated English proficiency, socio-affective skills, and pedagogical knowledge. The results show that the features of effective English teachers within the language proficiency are reading, writing and comprehension proficiency. For pedagogical knowledge, the research indicates the significant of preparing the lesson and using various teaching aids. Finally, the socio-affective features of English language effective teachers are “listening to the students” and “to be fair with all students”.

Keywords: English Teachers, High School, Language, Saudi Arabia, Student

Impact of Instructional Scaffolding on Students’ Achievement in Chemistry In Secondary Schools In Ebonyi State Of Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated effects of instructional scaffolding on achievement of senior secondary students in chemistry in Ebonyi State of Nigeria. It also studied the interactive effects of scaffolding and gender on achievement of senior secondary school students in chemistry. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The method of data collection was experimental, were simple random sampling technique was applied to select a total sample of ninety (90) students from the ten secondary schools used for the study. The instruments for data collection were chemistry scaffolding Achievement Test (CSAT) for the treatment group and Conventional Instructional Package (CIP) for the control group. Mean and standard deviation were used for the analysis of the data. The hypotheses were tested using ANCOVA at the level of significance of 0.05. The reliability of the instrument was calculated using Kuder-Richardson (K-R20) procedure, from which a reliability coefficient of 0.85 was obtained. Table 1 presented result on the effect of instructional scaffolding on senior secondary school students’ achievement in chemistry. The result obtained from Table 2 on effect of gender on students’ achievement using scaffolding method proved that the male students performed better than the female students. Table 3, which presented result on interactive effects of scaffolding and gender revealed that there is no significant interaction, as both performed well. The researcher made the following recommendations. Teachers should regularly apply instructional scaffolding method to enhance the effectiveness of their instructions; students should abide by scaffolding method of instruction when adopted by the teacher to enhance retention and long term learning; and the school authorities should on regular basis supervise classroom instructions to promote the application of instructional scaffolding by the teachers

Keywords: Apparatus, Chemistry, Instrumental Scaffolding, Nigeria, School, Student