Tag Archives: Structure

Factors affecting the capital structure: a case study of real estate companies listed on stock market in vietnam (Published)

The real estate market plays a significant role in the development of the economy. It is a factor contributing to promote investment capital mobilization, to improve production and development. This market is increasing state budget revenues, expanding markets, and contributing to socio-economic stability. Therefore, this study conducted to find the relationship of factors with the capital structure for real estate companies, in particular, real estate companies listed on Vietnam’s stock market. The researchers used multiple regression analysis, the capital structure status of real estate companies surveyed from 2017 to 2019. The sample included 94 real estate companies listed on the stock market in Vietnam. The research results found out the factors that affect the capital structure. These results had a scientific basis to help real estate companies refer to adjusting their capital structure, contributing to improving their competitive ability and development of the real estate.

Keywords: Capital, Market, Structure, and real estate, stock

Structure, Conduct and Performance of Rice Marketing in Kebbi State, Nigeria (Published)

The Study examined the Structure, Conduct and Performance of rice marketing in Kebbi State, Nigeria. Data were generated from a sample of 240 rice marketers using a well structured and pretested questionnaire between January and August 2018. A  multi-stage sampling technique was employed.  Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis, return on investment, Gini coefficient and Lorenz curve. Results of the study revealed that marketing of rice was highly concentrated having a Gini Coefficient value of 0.70 in terms of structural distribution of the commodity among rice traders in the study area. Strategies utilized by the traders in their market conduct include; selling long grain rice (92%), treating customers well (90.42%), selling non-adulterated rice (81.67%), distributing rice to customers location (78.80%), selling rice on credit (72.90%) among others. The findings further revealed that marketing of rice is profitable realizing an average of N 316. 503.00 as profit. With an investment turnover of 1.17, the study indicates that rice marketing in the study area is efficient. This suggests that rice marketing is a viable business. It is recommended that investments should be tailored towards having more rice processing mills to ensure timely purchase and sales of rice.

Keywords: Conduct, Market Efficiency, Structure, profit

Structure of Road Network Connectivity in the Benue Basin of Nigeria (Published)

The structure of road network connectivity in any region can either promote or reduce agricultural production, market opportunities, cultural and social interactions as well as businesses and employment opportunities. This study evaluates road network connectivity in the Benue Basin of Nigeria. Data on the existing road network including type and conditions, density and length of the roads in the study area were extracted from existing road map of Nigeria, and satellite imagery of the Benue basin. The data was analysed using different methods of network connectivity analysis including beta index, alpha and gamma indices. The findings reveal four types of roads network in the basin which are grouped into three categories namely: federal highways (trunk A), state government roads (trunk B) and local government and community roads (trunk C) which are in various state of deplorable conditions. The result of connectivity analysis reveals a beta index (β) of 0.98 for the basin, alpha index of -0.05, gamma index of 0.2 which indicates that Benue basin has poor road network connectivity. A comparative analysis of road network connectivity among the five states that fall within the basin shows variation among them with Benue and Taraba states having a better connectivity than others in the region. Based on the findings, the study noted that provision of effective roads network connectivity is fundamentally important to the development and well-being of the inhabitants of the Benue basin. The current road network connectivity of the basin needs urgent attentions to reposition the region for rapid socio-economic development. The study recommends funding of road infrastructure particularly building new roads and rehabilitating the existing ones in the region by it policy makers/stakeholders considering the fact that transport is the lifeline of the economy and social interactions.

 

Keywords: Benue basin, Connectivity, Nigeria, Structure, road network

Capital Structure and Firm Performance Nexus in Nigeria: A Case Study of Aluminum Extrusion Company PLC (Published)

This study investigated the link between capital structure and firm performance in Nigeria using Aluminum Extrusion Company PLC (ALEX), a company listed under the Basic material sector of the Nigerian Stock Exchange as a case study. The study adopted return on capital employed as proxy for firm performance (response variable), while capital structure components such as debt to equity ratio, debt to capital employed ratio and equity to capital employed ratio were used as the explanatory variables. Secondary data were collected from the annual published financial reports of the company for the period 2009 to 2018. The study employ descriptive statistics and multiple regression technique based on the E- view 9.0 Software as the methods of data analysis. The results revealed that debt to equity ratio has significant positive effect on return on capital employed, debt to capital employed ratio has negative influence on return on capital employed and equity to capital employed ratio has no influence on return on capital employed.  Overall, capital structure has no significant effect (at 5% level) on firm performance. Based on the findings, the study recommended among others that the company should finance her activities with retained earnings and use debt as the last option as this is in agreement with the perking Order theory; that the indirect effect of capital structure on firm performance be analyzed by future researchers and that the company managers are advised to be extremely conscious in the use of debt financing as an option in their capital mix up to the optimal limits, as debt to equity ratio provides positive effect though not significant on performance.

Keywords: Capital, Debt, Equity, Firm, Performance, Returns, Structure, employed

Capital Structure and Firm Performance Nexus: Nigerian Consumer Goods Sector Analysis (Published)

This study investigated the effect of capital structure on firm performance using a sample of seven companies listed under the consumer goods sector of the Nigerian Stock Exchange. The study adopted return on assets as proxy for performance (the response variable), while capital structure components such as debt to equity, debt to capital employed and equity to capital employed were used as the explanatory variables. Secondary data were collected from the annual published financial reports of the sampled consumer goods sector companies for the period 2009 to 2018. The study employed descriptive statistics and multiple regression technique based on the E-view 9.0 software as the methods of data analysis. The results revealed that debt to equity has insignificant positive impact on return on assets, debt to capital employed and equity to capital employed had negative but insignificant effect on return on assets. Over all, capital structure has no significant effect (at 5% level) on firm performance in the consumer goods sector. Based on the findings, the study recommended among others that the management of consumer goods sector companies should exercise caution in considering the use of debt finance (following the Pecking order theory) in their capital mix up to the optimal limits, as debt to equity ratio provided insignificant positive effect on performance; and that further studies be conducted on other sectors of the economy to provide more robust generalized inferences.

Keywords: Assets, Capital, Debt, Equity, Performance, Returns, Structure, employed

Managing Academic Development in Constrained Contexts: Case Study of a University Satellite Campus in Namibia (Published)

This ethnographic case study explored the challenges besetting academic development (AD) at a satellite campus of a leading university in Namibia. It sought to establish and proffer suggestions on how AD should evolve at the institution, being mindful of any enabling or constraining cultural, structural and agential factors. Three research questions guided the study. The study sample was purposefully selected and comprised the acting head of campus, two Heads of Department, three academic coordinators, the Quality Assurance Coordinator, the student support officer and the Student Counsellor. The findings of the study revealed that this relatively new professional field of academic development has not received the best of receptions by a significantly large portion of academic staff members, including some key agents. The study found that there was a general apathy and reluctance to afford the AD practitioners the space and ‘license’ to exercise their practice.  Based on the forgoing findings, the study recommended that the AD practitioners in the constrained contexts be accorded recognition and support by the key agents in the institution and that innovative interventions be put in place to promote AD processes.

Keywords: Agency, Culture, Structure, academic development, morphogenetic

The Homogeneous Relationship between Syntax and Semantics: Structure, And Meaning in Arrangement of English Language Sentences (Published)

The purpose of this study showed  pedagogical interest in homogeneous relationship of sentences, and  clauses because they provide opportunities for learners to know how deal with  relationship in the successfully  sentences while simultaneously developing the necessary strategies to perform  interactions  linguistically, and semantically in the target language. The main relationship between Syntax and  semantics in arrangement of English language sentences. Syntax is defined as the study of how words are placed within a sentence. It is used in the construction and arrangement of phrases, clauses and sentences while semantic is the study of meaning at mainly two different, basic levels: the word and the sentence.  Much of the interesting work in linguistics today concerns the interfaces between the traditional components of grammar. The mean of the Syntax and Semantics series is to publish exciting and innovative research involving the sub-systems of grammar that interface with syntax and semantics. This crucially includes the syntax-semantics interface itself, but also the systematic interplay of syntax, semantics, literary use, and pragmatics. The sequence will advance in fastidious research that brings forms of  explanatory evidence to bear on issues in theoretical syntax and semantics. This study tried to emphasize the harmonious relationship between syntax and semantic in arrangement of English language sentences.

Keywords: English Language Sentences, Homogeneous Relationship, Structure

Incessant Collapse of Buildings in Nigeria: The Implications for Religious/ Worship Centres (Published)

Building collapse is more common and devastating in developing world. In Nigeria, the trend is on the increase and religious houses/buildings are not left out. Buildings can be described as structural entities capable of securing self by transmitting load (dead load and live load) to the ground. A church building or religious buildings however are sacred places where believers interface with God.  Paradoxically, church/religious buildings and pilgrimage sites are also now becoming places where people lose their lives as a result of accident and structural collapse. A building collapse occurs when part or whole body of a structure fails and suddenly gives way, the structure as a result of this failure, could not meet the purpose for which it was meant for. Assembly buildings (Religious buildings) account for 12.7% of building collapse in Nigeria. Most church building collapse are not often reported or recorded, except where the casualties is much and cannot be hidden from the government agencies. The Synagogue Church Building and Reigners Bible Church building collapse are recent incidents in Nigeria. The aim of this paper is to review the causes of building collapse and suggest ways of prevention as it concerns religious buildings.

Keywords: Building, Collapse, Religion., Structure, foundation

Problems in Translating English and Arabic Languages’ Structure A case study of EFL Saudi Students in Shaqra University (Published)

This study reports on the translation problems of English and Arabic languages’ structure made by Saudi students of English. The population of this study is Saudi students who learn translation courses in Shaqra University in the College of Arts and community College, Dawadmi. Students’ test, teachers’ questionnaire, and experts’ interview were used for data collection. Then, the researchers use SPSS to analyze the data. The study concluded that Saudi EFL students can not translate English structures properly because they do not have enough understanding of English grammar and structure. This creates so many problems when translating from English to Arabic or vise versa.

Keywords: Dawadmi, Shaqra University, Structure, source language, translation problems

Problems in Translating English and Arabic Languages’ Structure: A Case Study Of Efl Saudi Students In Shaqra University (Published)

This study reports on the translation problems of English and Arabic languages’ structure made by Saudi students of English. The population of this study is Saudi students who learn translation courses in Shaqra University in the College of Arts and community College, Dawadmi. Students’ test, teachers’ questionnaire, and experts’ interview were used for data collection. Then, the researchers use SPSS to analyze the data. The study concluded that Saudi EFL students can not translate English structures properly because they do not have enough understanding of English grammar and structure. This creates so many problems when translating from English to Arabic or vise versa.

Keywords: Dawadmi, Shaqra University, Structure, source language, translation problems

ON COMPUTATIONAL STRUCTURE AND DISPOSITION OF SOLUTION MATRICES OF SINGLE–DELAY LINEAR NEUTRAL SCALAR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (Published)

This research article established the global computational structure of solution matrices for single–delay autonomous linear neutral equations. The development of the solution matrices exploited the continuity of these matrices for positive time periods, the method of steps, change of variables and theory of linear difference equations to obtain these matrices on successive intervals of length equal to the delay h.

Keywords: Computational, Equations, Matrices, Neutral, Solution, Structure

IN-DEPTH ANALYSES OF THE REWARD STRUCTURES OF N- PERSON COOPERATIVE GAMES WITH SPECIFIED WINNING COALITIONS INVOLVING AT LEAST ONE MAJOR PLAYER (Published)

Explicit computational rewards were obtained for n- person cooperative games involving specific classes of players of different ranks by the construction and deployment of cardinality-based listing structure of combined sets of winning coalitions. The results were rigorously analyzed and validated with clearly derived mathematical relationships.

Keywords: Cardinality, Coalition, Cooperative, Players, Rewards, Structure

DETERMINANTS OF RISK AND RETURN PERFORMANCE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GCC SUKUK MARKET STRUCTURE (Published)

The research study focusing on determinants of return and risk performance in the GCC sukuk market structure is sparse. Therefore, present study attempts to identify different types of risks embedded in sukuk structure, to determine the impact of different types of risks on return of sukuk and to explore and analyze the relationship between market risk, credit risk, operational risk, liquidity risk and sukuk returns in GCC market. This research covers nine years sample period beginning from January 2005 to June 2013. The 2282 daily observations of adjusted closed values of each index has downloaded from websites of Nasdaq Dubai sukuk market. This study used various methods o analyze the data. Results of this study reveal that Nasdaq sukuk index sectorial basis in GCC found that 91% of the GCC sukuk returs were explains by GSKI, 92% of the GCC sukuk returns were explained by GSKC and 93% of the GCC corporate sukuk returns were explained by GSKF. This variance are due to maturity risk, Shari’ah compliance risk , liquidity risk, reinvestment risk , interest rate risk, credit risk, inflation risk and dollar rate risk. Thereby the objectives set in this study proved the relationship between total return and different type of risks. The implications of this study, limitations and areas for further research are also discussed.

Keywords: Market, Performance, Return, Risk, Structure, Sukuk

ASSESSMENT OF PROBLEMS AFFECTING THE STRUCTURE, CONDUCT AND PERFORMANCE OF COWPEA MARKETING IN YOLA NORTH AND YOLA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS IN ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. (Published)

The study assesses the socio-economic and problems affecting the structure, conduct and performance of cowpea marketing in Yola South and Yola North Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. The data used for the study was mainly from primary source. These were obtained through the administration of structured questionnaire to a sample of 75 cowpea marketers in the two local government areas. The data generated was from marketers in 2011/2012 marketing season. Descriptive statistics were employed for the study to examine the socio-economic characteristics of marketers and the constraint faced in their marketing activities. The study concludes that, several problems were associated with cowpea marketing in the study area namely; inadequate capital, pest infestation, and low profit, high cost of transportation, bad road network, storage, high taxes, inadequate market information and lack of standard measure are some of the problem militating against cowpea marketing in the study area. Amongst all the problems inadequate capital, pest infestation and low profit ranks the first three most serious problems. The study therefore recommends that, Government and the private sector should facilitate the marketers in accessing a timely and affordable credit facility so as to sustain and expand their marketing activities. Government should open up and rehabilitate the road network in the hinterland to facilitate easy evacuation of agricultural inputs and commodities in and out of the market.

Keywords: Assessment, Conduct, Cowpea and Marketing., Performance, Problems, Structure

The Structure, Conduct and Performance of Commercial Banks in Ghana (Published)

This paper analyses the structure, conduct, and performance of commercial banks in Ghana. The empirical investigation uses two different measures of concentration to represent market structure and a market share variable to capture the effect of Market conduct on bank performance, and two accounting measures: return data on Return on Assets (ROA), return on equity (ROE) to represent banks’ performance. Annual time series data ROA, ROE and other ratios were collected from nineteen commercial banks over the period 2007 -2012. The results indicated that market concentration and market share significantly determines profitability in Ghana, signifying the strong acceptance of the SCP hypothesis. Consequently, the research suggests the need for improvement in bank capitalization, bank size, service product innovation and effective liquidity management for the Ghanaian banking industry

Keywords: Assets, Concentration, Conduct, Deposits, Market Share, Performance, Structure