Tag Archives: Structural Equation Modeling

The effect of Work Discipline on Teachers’ Performance (Published)

The purpose of this research is to analyze and to describe the effect of teachers’ work discipline on teachers’ performance. This study was conducted at 24 public junior secondary schools and 29 private junior secondary schools in Kendari City, Indonesia with a sample size of 100 respondents. The latent variabel studied was teachers’ work discipline as exogen variable and teachers’ performance as endogenous variable. Two sets of questionnaires (pertaining to teacers’ work discipline and teacher’s performance) were used as research instruments. The data collected were tested through statistics Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) by using software Smart-PLS 3.0. The study results show that there is a positive and significant effect of teachers’ work discipline on teachers’ performance.

Keywords: Structural Equation Modeling, Teacher, Teacher’s Performance, work discipline

Differential Item Functing (DIF) In the Anxiety and Stress Scale on Students Academic Achievement in Chemistry Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) (Published)

This is a study that applied two different Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) methods for the detection of gender-and age-related item bias in the anxiety and stress scale on students’ academic achievement in chemistry (AASS). Specifically, a multi-group SEM approach was used to investigate both uniform and non uniform item bias in each subscale of AASS separately, and a multidimensional SEM approach that enabled in both subscales of AASS and with regard to both gender and age simultaneously. Results from the multi group SEM approach and the multidimensional SEM approach with regard to the detection of uniform item bias were largely consistent and generally agreed with the results of the ordinal logistic regression, item response theory (IRT) and contingency tables methods reported by Cameron et al 2014; Ogidi and Iweka 2015; and Iweka 2017. Inspection of parameter estimate’s of the final model showed that there was a significant positive association between Anxiety and stress (r=0.83, P<.001) indicating that symptom severity with respect to Anxiety goes together with symptom severity with respect to stress. There was a significant negative association between Age and Anxiety (r.024) P<.001), indicating that older students score lower on Anxiety than younger students.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Anxiety, Differential Item Functing, Stress Scale, Structural Equation Modeling

Impact of Celebrity Endorsements on Consumers’ Ad Perception: A Study Of Indian Consumers (Published)

Numerous researches have proved empirically the effectiveness and the positive influence of celebrity endorsements in advertising. The present study attempts to find out the impact of celebrity endorsements on consumers’ ad perception through a survey of 336 respondents in India. The three-dimensional scale proposed by Roobina Ohanian (1990) has been used for the purpose. Thus, the present study considers three attributes of celebrity endorsements as suggested by Ohanian – attractiveness, trustworthiness and expertise. The study also attempts to find out the individual impact of these dimensions on consumers’ ad perception. Exploratory factor analysis was used to reconfirm the factor structure. The model used was empirically tested for unidimensionality, reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity, using confirmatory factor analysis. Structural equation modeling was used to find out the impact of celebrity endorsements on consumers’ ad perception. Results revealed that celebrity endorsements have a significant impact on consumers’ ad perception. Further, attractiveness, trustworthiness and expertise, all were found to have a significant impact on ad perception.

Keywords: Ad Perception, Celebrity, Endorser, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Modeling, confirmatory factor analysis

Examining Price Perception And The Relationships Among Its Dımensıons Via Structural Equation Modeling: A Research On Turkish Consumers (Published)

Price is one of the most important marketplace cues that consumers use in their decision making. It is widely known that consumers react differently to price. Many researchers have noted that price has a complex structure. According to Lichtenstein et al (1993), there are multidimensional aspects of price cues and suggested several dimensions. The purpose of this study is to examine price perception and the relationships among its dimensions. In order to achieve this aim, a field research was conducted on sports shoe consumers in Turkey. 638 consumers voluntarily participated the survey. According to the findings, some of the relationships among the dimensions of price perception were significant. Besides, it was revealed that the most exploratory dimensions of price perception were value consciousness and price consciousness.

Keywords: Price Perception, Sports Shoe Consumers, Structural Equation Modeling

Examınıng Prıce Perceptıon And The Relatıonshıps Among Its Dımensıons Vıa Structural Equatıon Modelıng: A Research On Turkısh Consumers (Review Completed - Accepted)

Price is one of the most important marketplace cues that consumers use in their decision making. It is widely known that consumers react differently to price. Many researchers have noted that price has a complex structure. According to Lichtenstein et al (1993), there are multidimensional aspects of price cues and suggested several dimensions. The purpose of this study is to examine price perception and the relationships among its dimensions. In order to achieve this aim, a field research was conducted on sports shoe consumers in Turkey. 638 consumers voluntarily participated the survey. According to the findings, some of the relationships among the dimensions of price perception were significant. Besides, it was revealed that the most exploratory dimensions of price perception were value consciousness and price consciousness.

Keywords: Price Perception, Sports Shoe Consumers, Structural Equation Modeling

Effects of Motivation on Employees Job Commitment in the Nigerian Banking Industry: An Empirical Analysis (Published)

The purpose of this study was to provide a holistic view of workers attitudes and perception of the various motivational factors, as well as, examines the perceived effects of management use of motivation on workers job commitment in the Nigerian banking industry. The empirical study was conducted via a survey on (six) 6, out of the 22 Nigerian banks licensed by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) as at the time of this survey. Using the frameworks from Parker (2001), factors manifesting employee’s job commitment were regressed on the key factors manifesting successful motivation. However, the model contrived was estimated using multiple regression analysis. Findings revealed sufficient evidence to conclude that successful Motivational factors had positive effects on employee job commitment in Nigerian banks, with majority of the respondents unanimously indicated good salaries and fringe benefits as their best source of motivation, while opportunity to some form of ownership scheme and increased responsibility/authority followed in that order.

Keywords: Banking, Employees Job Commitments, Motivation, Nigeria, Structural Equation Modeling