Tag Archives: Stress

Impact of Stress on Nutrition and Productivity (A Study of Southern Cross River State, Nigeria) (Published)

Stress is any action or activity that threatens the homeostatic stability of an organism or any response of the body to demands made upon it. It is usually produced by responses to a specific stressor. Stress has been implicated in a wide array of medical illnesses including nutritional disorders. The study is aimed at investigating the effect of stress on nutrition and productivity in Southern Cross River State, Nigeria. Random sampling measures are adopted to survey seven (7) Local Government Areas that constitute southern senatorial district in Cross River and respondents cut across Civil servants, Public servants, Business men, Students, Academic and Administrative staff of schools. Results reveal effects of stress on nutrition is wide ranging, affecting different aspects of our nutrition from food intake to food handling and indirectly by providing an environment for diseases which influence productivity. Stress may induce unhealthy eating habits which includes increasing the desire for certain diets. It also places many metabolic demands on the body and thus may alter the body’s metabolism. Multiple stressors have been found to cause increased catabolism and protein loss. It is recommended that in managing stress and nutritional disorders, a multidisciplinary approach involving professionals from various fields in medical practice should be adopted. The most appropriate management of stress disorders is the elimination of the stressor but where this approach is not feasible or has previously failed other methods to assist the individual cope with the stress can be adopted.

Keywords: Nutritional Disorders, Productivity, Stress

Work – Related Stress among Healthcare Workers in Ugep, Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria: A Study of Sources, Effects, and Coping Strategies (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

WORK – RELATED STRESS AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN UGEP, YAKURR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA: A STUDY OF SOURCES, EFFECTS, AND COPING STRATEGIES (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

SOURCES OF STRESS AND ITS MANAGEMENT AMONG THE DISTANCE EDUCATION STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA. THE CASE OF ACCRA STUDY CENTRE IN GHANA (Published)

The study investigated sources of stress among distance education students of the University of Education, Winneba and the strategies they employ to manage it. Quantitative methodology which made use of questionnaire was employed to collect data from 105 students at Accra study centre, selected through stratified and simple random sampling techniques. The study found that the main sources of stress among the students were travelling over long distances to attend tutorials, financial challenges, and multiple responsibilities, coping with studies, lack of study skills and poor attitude of their tutors. The study has also shown that the students employ variety of stress management strategies some of which are regular exercises and being humorous. Based on these findings it was recommended among others that comprehensive workshop on stress and its management should organized for the students at the start of every semester and also that periodic training should be organized for the tutors to equip them with the skills of handling distance education students effectively.

Keywords: Distance Education, Stress, Stress Management

STRESS ARISING FROM MOTIVATION AND PROFESSIONAL EFFECTIVENESS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE (Published)

This study was conducted to establish the influence of stress arising from motivation on professional effectiveness of secondary school teachers in Cross River State. The study adopted an ex-post facto design. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select sixty (60) schools out of two hundred and thirty (230) public secondary schools, while random sampling was used to select six hundred (600) teachers. Research data were collected through the use of 2 sets of self-developed and validated questionnaire titled: Motivation Inventory (MOI) and Professional Effectiveness Questionnaire (PEQ). MOI consisted of 21 items Likert-type scale with a alternative responses (very stressful, stressful, less stressful, not stressful). PEQ was a 28 items Likert-type scale with 4 alternative responses (very effective, effective, ineffective, less effective and has submits such as lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management, evaluation of students, learning motivation, supervision of co-curricular activities and professional/personal qualities. Both instruments has reliability index of 0.81 and 0.87 significance. Result obtained showed a significant influence of stress arising from (motivation on lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management and evaluation of students, supervision of co-curricular activities). Based on the finding, it was recommended among others that teachers should learn how to manage stressful situations by use of self-talk technique which enables an individual emit self-statements that may prompt coping behaviour.

Keywords: Cross River State, Motivation, Stress, Teacher, professional effectiveness

STRESS ARISING FROM MOTIVATION AND PROFESSIONAL EFFECTIVENESS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE (Published)

This study was conducted to establish the influence of stress arising from motivation on professional effectiveness of secondary school teachers in Cross River State. The study adopted an ex-post facto design. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select sixty (60) schools out of two hundred and thirty (230) public secondary schools, while random sampling was used to select six hundred (600) teachers. Research data were collected through the use of 2 sets of self-developed and validated questionnaire titled: Motivation Inventory (MOI) and Professional Effectiveness Questionnaire (PEQ). MOI consisted of 21 items Likert-type scale with a alternative responses (very stressful, stressful, less stressful, not stressful). PEQ was a 28 items Likert-type scale with 4 alternative responses (very effective, effective, ineffective, less effective and has submits such as lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management, evaluation of students, learning motivation, supervision of co-curricular activities and professional/personal qualities. Both instruments has reliability index of 0.81 and 0.87 significance. Result obtained showed a significant influence of stress arising from (motivation on lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management and evaluation of students, supervision of co-curricular activities). Based on the finding, it was recommended among others that teachers should learn how to manage stressful situations by use of self-talk technique which enables an individual emit self-statements that may prompt coping behaviour

Keywords: Cross River State, Motivation, Stress, Teacher, professional effectiveness