Tag Archives: Stress

Work – Related Stress among Healthcare Workers in UGEP, Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria: A Study of Sources, Effects, and Coping Strategies. (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

Suicide Linked To Excessive Homework in China (Published)

What made young people between the ages of 15 to 34 take their lives; affecting constantly the ‘Y’ and millennial generations? Sadly, and more often than not, it is the young people jumping-off buildings to their deaths. The common reason why this was happening came with the unrealistic expectations of success. One in which, it is a burden of 17 to 18 hour days/five to six days a week full of classes and plenty of homework.  A stress level not often seen in Westernized countries, but across Asia, which is quite common in countries like: China, Japan and South Korea. Therefore, affecting the ‘flower of youth’, especially in the Ancient Middle Kingdom (China).  The pressure is so great, because of the current-high level of competition, over expectation and the overpopulation.  For every Chinese, they literally have to fight for every centimeter to achieve something.  What commonly broke my heart were the young who couldn’t take this burdensome workload and decided to end their lives.  Whether these youths were in primary school or those preparing for the ‘Hukou’ (the literal, ‘nail-biting’ tough college entrance exam).  Therefore, linking homework to suicides in youngsters as the common cause of death!  This investigation pretends to focus on a survey/questionnaire for high school students and teachers about suicide.  The reasons why Chinese have excessive workloads and how can these problems be reduced inside a country with the highest-suicide rate in the world.

Keywords: Ages 15 to 34, Jumping-off Buildings, Overpopulation, Pressure, Stress, Suicide, the ‘Hukou’ exam, ‘Y’/Millennial Generations

The Effectiveness of Training on Time Management Skill Due To Relaxation Techniques upon Stress and Achievement among Mutah University Students (Published)

The study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of a training program on time management skills due to relaxation techniques upon stress and achievement among a sample of students in Mutah University. The subjects of this study were assigned randomly into two groups: an experimental group which consisted of (38) students who received the training program and a control group which consisted of (37) students who did not receive any kind of training. The stress scale and achievement scores were kept for both groups; before and after exposing to the program. To test the hypotheses of the study; means, standard deviations and Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) were computed. The results revealed significant differences between the means of the two groups on the total scores of stress in favor of experimental group, which indicated the effectiveness of the training program in reducing the level of stress, while there is no effect for the groups upon achievement. Furthermore, the results show no significant differences in the effect of gender or the interaction between gender and treatment.

Keywords: Achievement, College students, Relaxation., Stress, Time Management

Work – Related Stress among Healthcare Workers in Ugep, Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria: A Study of Sources, Effects, and Coping Strategies (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

Adjustment Strategies of Widows to Widowhood Stress Based on Their Age: The Case of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was aimed at investigating influence of age on adjustment strategies employed by widows in coping with widowhood stress in Rivers State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 probability level. A sample of 370 widows in Rivers State was drawn from the population via proportional stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments namely; Stress Level Scale for Widows (SLSW) and Questionnaire for Widows Adjustment Strategies (QWAS), both developed by the researcher were used for data collection. Data were analysed with mean, standard deviation and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance and the statistical package known as SPSS for widows was employed for the analyses. Results showed that; all the eight adjustment strategies (problem solving, cognitive restructuring, express emotion, social support, problem avoidance, wishful thinking, self-criticism and social withdrawal) are adopted by widows in ameliorating widowhood stress; there are slight differences among the mean values of the different age groups with regards to all the adjustment strategies of widows to widowhood stress. Based on the findings of this study, recommendations were made accordingly.

Keywords: Adjustment, Age, Rivers State, Strategies., Stress, Widowhood

Adjustment Strategies of Widows to Widowhood Stress In Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the various adjustment strategies employed by widows in coping with widowhood stress in Rivers State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha levels. A sample of 370 widows in Rivers State was drawn from the population through proportional stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments namely; Stress Level Scale for Widows (SLSW) and Questionnaire for Widows Adjustment Strategies (QWAS), both developed by the researcher were used for data collection. Data were analysed with mean, standard deviation and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance and the statistical package known as SPSS for widows was employed for the analyses. Results showed that; all the eight adjustment strategies (problem solving, cognitive restructuring, express emotion, social support, problem avoidance, wishful thinking, self-criticism and social withdrawal) are adopted by widows in ameliorating widowhood stress; ethnic group of widows’ influences their adjustment strategies to widowhood stress. Based on the findings of this work, three appropriate recommendations were made.

Keywords: Adjustment, Rivers State, Strategies., Stress, Widowhood

Boko Haram Insurgency: Perceived Stress, Type of Stressors and Coping Techniques amongst Internally Displaced Persons at the Selected Camps in Nigeria Federal Capital Territory Abuja (Published)

Nigerian has had a long and unfortunate history of communal conflicts and ethno-religious violence, the recent of which is the escalation of Boko Haram activities and attacks in 2013. Many people were maimed, killed and rendered homeless leading to looking for succor in the camps. The research adopted cross-sectional descriptive design, multistage sampling technique was used in selecting the camps and samples having used Taro Yamane sample size determination formula. Three hundred and eighty seven (387) respondents were selected out of which only three hundred and fifty six (356) returned their administered questionnaire. Five (5) research questions were answered and five (5) null hpothesses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The instruments for the study were generated from three standardized inventory which are stress inventory, family systems stressor-strength inventory and life event inventory. The face validity and reliability of instruments were determined. Percentages, means scores and chi-square were used to analyze. The results on the demographic characteristics of respondents showed that 153 (43%) were males while 203 (57%) were female; there mean age was 31.3. 62.6% were Christians and 55.3 were marred 40.7% were employed while only 10.2% were not educated. All respondents showed various degrees of stress ranging from mild to severe. The highest psychosocial stressor was financial strain and accommodation away from home while the health related stressor was sleeping difficulties. More than half of respondents (56.2%) adopted emotion focused coping while 43.8% adopted problems focused coping. Religion was found to be significantly associated with the level of stress. Gender was significantly associated with the coping styles, It was concluded that youth radicalization should be addressed. The health of the people in the camps should be given a priority by establishing health centers in the various camps and should be managed by qualified health personnel.

Keywords: Boko Haram, Insurgency, Stress, Stressors, refugees

The Effect of Occupational Stress on Job Performance at Aspet A. Company Limited (Published)

This study was conducted to find out the effect of occupational stress on job performance at Aspet A. Company Limited. The study employed descriptive approach. The sample size adopted was one hundred and nine through the help of convenience sampling techniques. Descriptive analysis factors like frequency tables, mean scores and percentages were generated, and their interpretations thoroughly explained and interpreted. Based on the findings of the study, it was clear that there are multiple causes of stress which have physical, emotional and psychological effects on employees at the company. The study revealed that stress relation with workforce marital status, education, and working experience was negative. However, the study found out that stress among employees does enhance their job performance in a positive manner (r = 0.348, sig. value=.000). This gives the indication that as employee stress increases, their job performance also tends to increase and vice versa. This section concludes on the premise that stress to an extent enhances job performance at the company. It was therefore recommended that management of the company must come up with an overall coping strategy policy on stress reduction focusing on employees’ marital status, education and working experience at the workplace. Also, the study recommended that tasks should be assigned taking into much consideration the marital status, education and working experience of employees in order not to overburden them with so much work and negatively affect them. Lastly, the research recommended the need to look at any further study concerning the effect of occupational stress on job performance to either confirm or refute the outcome of this study.

Keywords: Job Performance, Stress, and Stress Management, occupational Stress

Application of Stress, Rhythm and Intonation in the Speech of Erei-English Bilinguals (Published)

The study investigated the handling of the supra-segmental features among Erei speakers of English. A survey questionnaire was administered to 150 respondents in selected secondary schools under study. The subjects were grouped by age into three: 10-12 years, 13-15 years and 16 years and above. Two research questions were formulated to direct the course of the study. Data were analysed in five sections through the application of four gradable items: SA – strongly agree, A – agreed, D – disagreed and SD – strongly disagreed. Findings showed that the prosodic features such as stress, rhythm and intonation are the basis for intelligibility than the individual segments, but the teaching of the features received less attention in the class as well as the teachers in the study did not have a good command of the prosodic features in their spoken English. The provision of well-designed curriculum and syllabus, oral textbooks with targeted supra-segmental features, well-equipped libraries and language laboratories, the introduction of radio and television language programmes and on-the-job training and retraining of teachers in spoken English were suggested to help solve the problem of intelligibility among the Erei people as L2 users of English in Nigeria.   

Keywords: Bilinguals, Erei-English, Intelligibility, Rhythm, Speech, Stress, Teaching

Influence of Age and Educational Level on Adjustment Strategies to Widowhood Stress in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was designed to determine the extent to which age and educational level influence adjustment strategies to widowhood stress among widows in Rivers State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha levels. A sample of 370 widows in Rivers State was drawn from the population through proportional stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments namely; Stress Level Scale for Widows (SLSW) and Questionnaire for Widows Adjustment Strategies (QWAS), both developed by the researcher were used for data collection. Data were analysed with mean, standard deviation and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). All hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and the statistical package known as SPSS for widows was employed for the analyses. Results showed that; widows in Rivers State differ significantly in their adjustment strategies to widowhood stress on the basis of age, educational attainment. Based on the findings of this work, three relevant recommendations were made one of which is that counsellors could systematically use the adjustment strategies studied in this research to help widows to cope with widowhood stress

Keywords: Adjustment, Age, Educational Level, Rivers State, Stress, Widowhood

Sources and Effects of Stress on Work Performance, and Coping Strategies among Nurses at University of Cape Coast Hospital, Cape Coast, Ghana (Published)

Stress is part of our everyday life and affects all aspects of our activities. In professions, where encountering hundreds of people is a routine could be very stressful. This is the nature of the nursing profession, with its attendant effects on the physical and psychological wellbeing of the nurse. This study set out to find the sources and effects of stress on work performance among nurses at the University of Cape Coast Hospital, and the coping strategies they adopt. Questionnaire was used to solicit data from the respondents. Using the multi-stage sampling technique, fifty nine nurses were sampled for the study. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated, and answered and tested respectively. Independent t-tests, Analysis of Variance, and means were used in analyzing the data collected. No statistically significant differences were found between the ages of nurses and the type of stress experienced, by gender with respect to how they coping strategies toward stress, and among the various ranks of nurses and the effect of stress on their performance. It was concluded that, nurses in the University of Cape Coast Hospital were aware of the sources of stress among nurses, aware of the effects of stress on their performance, and had devised their strategies for coping with stress.It was therefore recommended that management of the Directorate of University Health Services (UCC) organizes seminars, workshops, forum, among others on incidence of stress and stress management strategies for the nurses. This would help the nurses to be abreast with stress coping strategies thereby alleviating stress on them. It was also recommended that counsellors were brought on to put in techniques that would assist nurses who are going through stressful conditions, which are likely to affect their performance on the work.

 

Keywords: Cape Coast, Coast Hospital, Coping, Ghana, Nurses University of Cape, Sources and Effects, Strategies., Stress, Work Performance

The Effectiveness of Training on Time Management Skill Due To Relaxation Techniques upon Stress and Achievement among Mutah University Students (Published)

The study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of a training program on time management skills due to relaxation techniques upon stress and achievement among a sample of students in Mutah University. The subjects of this study were assigned randomly into two groups: an experimental group which consisted of (38) students who received the training program and a control group which consisted of (37) students who did not receive any kind of training. The stress scale and achievement scores were kept for both groups; before and after exposing to the program. To test the hypotheses of the study; means, standard deviations and Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) were computed. The results revealed significant differences between the means of the two groups on the total scores of stress in favor of experimental group, which indicated the effectiveness of the training program in reducing the level of stress, while there is no effect for the groups upon achievement. Furthermore, the results show no significant differences in the effect of gender or the interaction between gender and treatment. (Keywords: time management, stress, relaxation, achievement and college students).

Keywords: Mutah University Students, Relaxation Techniques, Stress, Time Management Skill, Training

Stress Management among Married Adult Learners in the Work and Study Programme of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the causes of stress for adult learners in the Work and Study programme in Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki.  Specifically the study assessed the extent to which family expectations societal expectations, crowded classrooms, short period of study and lack of committed teachers cause stress for adult learners in the work and study programme. The population for this study consisted of all the adult learners in the Work and Study programme in the Faculty of Education numbering 630, while the sample size was 140. Five research questions guided the study. The instrument for data collection was a researcher made instrument named Adult Learners’ Stressors Assessment Scale (ALSAS) which is a four – point modified Likert scale with four clusters (A – D) and 25 items. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The findings of the study revealed that the adult learners in Ebonyi State University in the Work and Study programme are stressed by family expectations, societal expectations, and the shortness of the period under which they have to cover the whole work meant for their programme.  To them, the teachers or the crowded classrooms do not constitute stress. Recommendations were also made for example that they should accept counselling for stress management strategies

Keywords: Adult Learners, Stress, Stressors, work and study

Stress, Types of Stressors and Coping Strategies Amongst Selected Nursing Schools Students in South-West, Nigeria (Published)

Stress among other things contributed immensely to the development of an individual positively and negatively depending on adopted coping strategies, hence, this study explored stress, types of stressors and coping strategies among student nurses. Methodology: A cross sectional descriptive design was adopted, with 285 respondents’ selected using multi-stage sampling technique. Three standardized instrument were used; Self-Reported questionnaire; perceived stress scale and coping inventory scale. Result: The mean age of respondents were 20.24±2.3 of which female dominated (87.7%). The level of stress expression were mild (50.2%), moderate (33.7%) and severe (16.1%). Stress from assignment /workload was the highest among stressors reported with mean value of 9.40±3.68. There is a positive correlation between the total stress and total coping behaviour utilized by the respondents. Conclusion: The study concluded that the respondents utilized appropriate coping strategies in addressing minimal stress level exposure.     

Keywords: Coping Strategies and Student Nurses, Stress

Impact of Stress on Nutrition and Productivity (A Study of Southern Cross River State, Nigeria) (Published)

Stress is any action or activity that threatens the homeostatic stability of an organism or any response of the body to demands made upon it. It is usually produced by responses to a specific stressor. Stress has been implicated in a wide array of medical illnesses including nutritional disorders. The study is aimed at investigating the effect of stress on nutrition and productivity in Southern Cross River State, Nigeria. Random sampling measures are adopted to survey seven (7) Local Government Areas that constitute southern senatorial district in Cross River and respondents cut across Civil servants, Public servants, Business men, Students, Academic and Administrative staff of schools. Results reveal effects of stress on nutrition is wide ranging, affecting different aspects of our nutrition from food intake to food handling and indirectly by providing an environment for diseases which influence productivity. Stress may induce unhealthy eating habits which includes increasing the desire for certain diets. It also places many metabolic demands on the body and thus may alter the body’s metabolism. Multiple stressors have been found to cause increased catabolism and protein loss. It is recommended that in managing stress and nutritional disorders, a multidisciplinary approach involving professionals from various fields in medical practice should be adopted. The most appropriate management of stress disorders is the elimination of the stressor but where this approach is not feasible or has previously failed other methods to assist the individual cope with the stress can be adopted.

Keywords: Nutritional Disorders, Productivity, Stress

Work – Related Stress among Healthcare Workers in Ugep, Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria: A Study of Sources, Effects, and Coping Strategies (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

WORK – RELATED STRESS AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN UGEP, YAKURR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA: A STUDY OF SOURCES, EFFECTS, AND COPING STRATEGIES (Published)

Work Related Stress (WRS) is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker in the work environment. Hospital work stress is a nosocomial stress characterized by stressors like; work over load, under – staffing, use of redundant equipment, poor promotion, poor managerial relationship with staff, poor working environment, excessive/prolonged working hours, etc. This study sought to determine the work – related stress among healthcare workers in Ugep. Data were collected using primary and secondary source. 198 semi–structured questionnaires were designed/administered through purposive sampling. Data generated were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, and illustrative graphs. Results and findings showed that 180 (92.8%) healthcare workers felt stressed at work due to two or more of the following factors; work over-load, emergencies, adhoc duties (3.5%), lack of equipment (30.8%), poor work environment, poor managerial support, poor staff attitude to work and fellow staff (29.8%). Findings from this study also showed that headaches/migraine (76.3%), poor concentration (11.6%), and loss of work interest (10.1%) were the major effects of WRS. The study demonstrates that there is significant relationship between work – related stress on healthcare workers and service delivery, work over – load and increase in work stress, and poor managerial relationship/support and staff attitude to service delivery. This study recommends that, stress reduction strategies and management interventions lie in the adoption of both managerial/organizational interventions that reduce stress at source and to some extent involves the application of individual (staff) interventions. Reducing and managing the level of nosocomial stress will go a long way to positively influence service delivery. Healthcare workers tend to work more efficiently in a comfortable, safe and protective environment where there are sufficient equipment, proper remuneration, management interest on staff welfare, proper management of shifts and days off as well as staff involvement in issues and decisions that concerns their job and over – all well – being.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Healthcare Workers, Nosocomial Stress, Patient., Stress, Work-related Stress

SOURCES OF STRESS AND ITS MANAGEMENT AMONG THE DISTANCE EDUCATION STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA. THE CASE OF ACCRA STUDY CENTRE IN GHANA (Published)

The study investigated sources of stress among distance education students of the University of Education, Winneba and the strategies they employ to manage it. Quantitative methodology which made use of questionnaire was employed to collect data from 105 students at Accra study centre, selected through stratified and simple random sampling techniques. The study found that the main sources of stress among the students were travelling over long distances to attend tutorials, financial challenges, and multiple responsibilities, coping with studies, lack of study skills and poor attitude of their tutors. The study has also shown that the students employ variety of stress management strategies some of which are regular exercises and being humorous. Based on these findings it was recommended among others that comprehensive workshop on stress and its management should organized for the students at the start of every semester and also that periodic training should be organized for the tutors to equip them with the skills of handling distance education students effectively.

Keywords: Distance Education, Stress, Stress Management

STRESS ARISING FROM MOTIVATION AND PROFESSIONAL EFFECTIVENESS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE (Published)

This study was conducted to establish the influence of stress arising from motivation on professional effectiveness of secondary school teachers in Cross River State. The study adopted an ex-post facto design. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select sixty (60) schools out of two hundred and thirty (230) public secondary schools, while random sampling was used to select six hundred (600) teachers. Research data were collected through the use of 2 sets of self-developed and validated questionnaire titled: Motivation Inventory (MOI) and Professional Effectiveness Questionnaire (PEQ). MOI consisted of 21 items Likert-type scale with a alternative responses (very stressful, stressful, less stressful, not stressful). PEQ was a 28 items Likert-type scale with 4 alternative responses (very effective, effective, ineffective, less effective and has submits such as lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management, evaluation of students, learning motivation, supervision of co-curricular activities and professional/personal qualities. Both instruments has reliability index of 0.81 and 0.87 significance. Result obtained showed a significant influence of stress arising from (motivation on lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management and evaluation of students, supervision of co-curricular activities). Based on the finding, it was recommended among others that teachers should learn how to manage stressful situations by use of self-talk technique which enables an individual emit self-statements that may prompt coping behaviour.

Keywords: Cross River State, Motivation, Stress, Teacher, professional effectiveness

STRESS ARISING FROM MOTIVATION AND PROFESSIONAL EFFECTIVENESS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE (Published)

This study was conducted to establish the influence of stress arising from motivation on professional effectiveness of secondary school teachers in Cross River State. The study adopted an ex-post facto design. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select sixty (60) schools out of two hundred and thirty (230) public secondary schools, while random sampling was used to select six hundred (600) teachers. Research data were collected through the use of 2 sets of self-developed and validated questionnaire titled: Motivation Inventory (MOI) and Professional Effectiveness Questionnaire (PEQ). MOI consisted of 21 items Likert-type scale with a alternative responses (very stressful, stressful, less stressful, not stressful). PEQ was a 28 items Likert-type scale with 4 alternative responses (very effective, effective, ineffective, less effective and has submits such as lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management, evaluation of students, learning motivation, supervision of co-curricular activities and professional/personal qualities. Both instruments has reliability index of 0.81 and 0.87 significance. Result obtained showed a significant influence of stress arising from (motivation on lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management and evaluation of students, supervision of co-curricular activities). Based on the finding, it was recommended among others that teachers should learn how to manage stressful situations by use of self-talk technique which enables an individual emit self-statements that may prompt coping behaviour

Keywords: Cross River State, Motivation, Stress, Teacher, professional effectiveness