Fair Value Accounting and Stock Valuation of Firms Listed In the Manufacturing Sector in Nigeria (Published)
The goal of this study is to analyze how the historical cost approach of valuing assets in Nigerian manufacturing businesses is influenced by the fair value accounting methodology. From a total of twelve listed petroleum businesses on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, five were selected at random. As a descriptive study, secondary data was collected. The Central Bank of Nigeria’s Bureau of Statistics supplied data on performance reports and stock prices for the assets under examination, while historical values were collected from the published annual financial statements of the firms and fair values were assessed using the price index. When comparing assets appraised at fair value and those valued at historical cost, the T-test statistical technique was applied to discover if there is a significant difference. Profession accounting organizations should continue to study asset valuation in order to establish a consistent method for determining the value of an asset.
Stock Market’s Reaction to Pgn’s Stock Price: Case of Forming Holding Company for Oil and Gas Sector in Bumn (Published)
The stock market reaction to Perusahaan Gas Negara (PGN)’s stock price, case of forming holding company for oil and gas sector in Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) was analyzed by the correlation between the investors’ reaction on PGN’s stock when the announcement of holding company happened on 25 January 2018. Using the method of event study, daily abnormal return (AR) and daily cumulative abnormal return (CAR) were analyzed under the different event windows (-5, +5, -10, +10, and 15, +15 from the event) for analyzing PGN’s stock market reaction during the holding company event. Furthermore, the significant difference in PGN’s stock market reaction (CAR) compared during the event windows was statistically analyzed using t-test analysis and the influence between CAR and external factor, for example macroeconomic factor (gold price, gas price, oil price, and exchange rate) was determined through regression analysis. Based on the results of this research, market gave a reaction during the event window. Event had a significant and positive influence on CAR both before and after event. Meanwhile, external (macroeconomic) factors generally had no significant influence on CAR during the event window, except gold and gas price at the event window (-5, +5). It can be concluded that PGN’s stock price reaction was caused by the holding event and the external factor did not have any influence on market reaction.
The capital market is one of the means for the company in improving the lon term funding needs, capital markets also have linkages with the financial services sector, both on the level of domestic, regional and international level. This research aims to see how alternative strategies should be taken by investors to the stock investment decisions, so that the benefit is expected. This research using methods of Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP) to be able to determine which alternative strategies can be made by investors to invest in shares. Results of the study showed that the highest priority that can be taken that is investors should behave rationally with priority registration (70.6%), the second priority is the investor being intuition with priority registration (15.3%) and the third priority is the investors behave in emotional with priority registration (14.1%).