David Henry Hwang (1957- ) is a Chinese American playwright who uses political satirical set up to portray racial identity. Hwang’s parents are both Chinese-born; they immigrated to the United States before they met there and got married. In spite of the fact that Hwang – in a number of interviews – describes his Chinese American childhood as free of any racial issues, he is known in his works for his inquiry into identity and the concept of belonging. Hwang reveals his awareness of racial stereotypes in relation to the common perception of Asians and Asian Americans, and he admits experiencing racism when he first went to New York City. His plays usually centre on complex characters and depict their experiences with racism, imperialism, discrimination or generational differences, FOB (1980) and Yellow Face (2007) are outstanding examples. Asian characters that have been presented in theatre in Europe since the nineteenth century were played by white actors, like in The Queen of China Town (1899) by Joseph Jarrow and Madame Butterfly (1900) by David Belasco. As a result Asian American playwrights wrote a number of plays depicting discriminatory casting of characters, like David Hwang’s Yellow Face, premiered in Los Angeles in May, 2007, and Lloyd Suh’s Charles Francis Chan Jr.’s Exotic Oriental Murder Mystery (2015).
Carol Ann Duffy, the foremost Contemporary British poet Laureate, presents gender issues in her own distinguishable way and this distinctiveness comes from her individual confidence. She explores everyday experience in her poetry and this article is especially based on Carol Ann Duffy’s collection of poems The World’s Wife (1999) which reflects her own feminist view of the world and recalls historical, mythical and religious figures. The collection acts as an arena for formerly voiceless woman who have been marginalised to a subservient role under the guise of men and repudiated their own story and their own voice. Duffy’s characters abdicate all feminine gender norms; they have casual sex, discard marriage, smoke, drink, swear, and rebel against society’s expectations in order to subvert feminine archetypes. That is to say, in this collection of poetry, Duffy gives voice to the voiceless women, looks for what it is like to be a woman and uses dramatic monologue to covey her thoughts through these characters. . The speakers of the poems are dominant, bold, colourful and unapologetically female; but there is also male voice, be it mediated through the female voice. The aim of this article is to anatomize male-female relationship dynamic, subversion of gender stereotypes; and to analyze the wishes, dreams and the ability of the woman to change her position in the world not just as a daughter, a wife or a mother but rather as an individual with full access to human rights and duties.
The work used the ex-post-facto design to deepen our understanding of the relationship between gender and students’ academic achievements in English Language. The sample comprised 220 Junior Secondary Three (JSS III) students (110 male and 110 female) drawn from three randomly selected Secondary Schools in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Two instruments were used: Students gender and their end-of-semester examination results in English Language. These items were obtained from English Language Class teachers. The data were correlated and analyzed using independent t-test to derive the research measure. The result showed a no significant relationship between gender and students’ achievements in English Language. The paper therefore recommended that teachers go to the classes with unbiased notions of gender among learners in their various disciplines.
Sexual Objectification of the Woman’s Body- An Analysis of Selected Popular Benga Songs among the Luo Community, Kenya (Published)
In spite of the educative and entertaining role that songs perform in the society, it is important to note that songs are also deployed to circulate certain stereotypes and ideologies. This paper sought to identify the stereotypic objectification of women in society and man’s claims of sexual prowess. This was guided by an analysis of popular songs among the Luo community based on Benga Music. To guide this critical appraisal, the study employed purposive sampling technique to select appropriate songs by Okatch Biggy. The song artist, Okatch Biggy, is known as the Benga Guru of the 1990’s. The study was guided by Symbolic Interactionism and Liberal Feminist Theory. Song texts were collected in VHS, VCD and DVD formats from music stores. Data was transcribed, translated and analyzed through qualitative method. The study is expected to contribute to gender scholarships and provide information for non-governmental organizations, churches and the media to sensitize and censure stereotypical songs.
The Perception of Characteristics, Behaviors, Cultures And Traditions Toward Own and Other Ethnic Groups (Published)
Malaysia is a country famously known for its multiple unique cultural and ethnic diversities, particularly in Sabah and Sarawak. The state of Sabah consists of 35 ethnics and 215 sub-ethnics and each ethnicity can be identified by language, dialect or culture. Despite the diversity of culture, customs and beliefs, respectively, Sabah is generally perceived and reported by the mass media to still be able to stand as a harmonious state without the presence of the issues that may affect national unity. However, if there is an attitude of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination among ethnic, it may seriously affect the solidarity between people in Sabah. Thus, this study aims to explore the concept of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination among ethnic groups in Sabah by studying on how certain ethnic groups perceive their own ethnicity and of other ethnic groups. The respondents of this study are from 36 members of ethnic association which representing four groups of different ethnics in Sabah, Malaysia: Kadazandusun, Bajau, Chinese and Murut. These four groups of ethnic are the major ethnic groups in Sabah, Malaysia. This study is a qualitative study that using in-dept interview and focus group discussion method to collect the data. The results were discussed further in the text.