Over the last few years, corporate social responsibility (CSR) has become an essential issue for academics as well as for businesses in a similar way. These days, many organizations deem CSR as a primary corporate tactic for attaining a long-lasting competitive advantage. Also, organizations are benefited through CSR practices by satisfying their various stakeholders including employees. Hence, this study makes an effort to discover the impact of CSR on employee’s job satisfaction in MNCs, Bangladesh. Four dimensions of Carroll’s (1979) CSR such as economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic responsibilities of CSR are considered as the IV’s and employee job satisfaction as the DV of this study. Stakeholder theory has been used as a theoretical framework to provide guidance to this study. A structured questionnaire with 7 points Likert scale was used to collect the primary data by conducting the survey. The sample size was 120 and the respondents were selected on a convenient basis from MNCs, Chittagong city. Data were analysed using SPSS software (version: 17). The result of the study showed that philanthropic, ethical and legal responsibility of CSR significantly and positively influenced employee job satisfaction where economic CSR was showing the negative relationship with employee job satisfaction. In general, employee job satisfaction is positively affiliated with organisation’s CSR practices in Bangladesh’s MNCs.
Building Stakeholders’ Relations in Open and Distance Learning: The Quality Challenges at Play (Published)
Building stakeholders’ relations in ODL has the potential to release untapped potential and transfer of expertise through collaboration. However, there are some sticking challenges at play and this study examined these challenges to building stakeholder’ relations in ODL. This was a qualitative study. Information was collected through a survey of four regional campuses informed by a purposive sample of 284 students and sixty members of staff. Some very glaring challenges in the way of building stakeholders’ relations in ODL were unearthed. Suppressed voices working to scare away potential partners were seen as inhibitors and silent assassins of efforts to building stakeholders’ relations in ODL. There were far more damaging attitudes to ODL stakeholder relations than those that promote it. Some of the manifestations of these damaging attitudes were seen through the otherness of ODL institutions and their students, the low status accorded to ODL and the inherent belief that learning equals face-to-face teaching. The invisible hand of power from a close knit highly conservative old boys’ clique from conventional universities was visible in this study. The study concluded that ODL cannot therefore fulfil its purpose of building stakeholders’ relations without reference to these challenges some of which are inflicting shock and injury to the staff and students. The study thus, recommended a re-thinking on conditions building stakeholders’ relations in ODL considering that this issue is more than an academic argument about definitions of meaning. It is the question of who gets what from the paymaster’s limited pot and why (Doherty, 2008).