Human resource management in education is very important and toy with it would result in jeopardy. This is because education personnel’s are the major instrument for achieving educational goals and consequently, national development. Human resources are the key to rapid socio-economic development and efficient service delivery. That’s why this paper stressed that without an adequate, skilled and well-motivated workforce operating within a sound human resource management programme, development is not possible. Every educational system at every level depends heavily on the human resources for execution of its programme. The function of human resource management in education includes staff maintenance, staff relations,staff development, procurement of staff and job performance reward. The challenges of human resource management include poor working condition, problem of staffing, funding, incessant transfer of teacher among others. To address the identified challenges, the following recommendations were made. Education should be made attractive by creating a conducive atmosphere for teachers. More government attention is needed for education sector through improved function as education remains the basis for the progress of all other sectors of the society. A united salary structure should be made for all categories of teachers within the education sectors. The paper equally recommended that standard of education in Nigeria should be up dated to meet the rapid social changes in our present Nigeria society.