The speech act of complimenting in Western and in some Eastern speech communities has been an object of extensive comparative investigation. However, the study of complimenting in Trans-Caucasian speech communities, the Armenian community in particular, remains less-investigated. The aim of the paper is to indicate the objects of complimenting in Armenian community. The analysis shows that taken in general terms the objects of complimenting in Western and Armenian societies do not differ greatly, but the accents are fairly different which can be explained by the mentality and perception of social values that each society displays. Whereas in Western societies the accent is on appearance and abilities, in Armenian community the greater part of compliments refers to the ability and performance, family members, especially children and hospitality. As far as appearance is concerned, the attention is focused mainly on new looks and new possessions (hairstyle, dress, earrings, etc.).
This study investigates the similarities and differences of the speech act of refusal between Jordanian Arabic (JA) and American English (AE). Data were collected using an adopted version of the Discourse Completion Test (DCT) by Al-Issa (1998). Next, data were analysed in terms of semantic formulaic sequences and were categorized based on the classification of refusal strategies established by Al-Issa (1998). Results revealed that both groups of participants were in agreement regarding their preference of strategy; hence, they preferred indirect strategies followed by adjunct strategies followed by direct strategies. However, Jordanian participants tended to use more indirect strategies than the American participants who used direct refusal style. The study concludes with a discussion of important directions for future research.