Tag Archives: Southwest

Integrity and Openness as Correlates of University Effectiveness in Southwest, Nigeria (Published)

This study examined the relationship between some leadership traits and university effectiveness in Southwest Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised all the 3,418 academic and 8,937 non-academic staff in all the 7 federal universities and 11 states universities in Southwest Nigeria. The sample for this study was 900 respondents, comprising 60 academic members of staff and 90 administrative staffs drawn from 6 universities in three states in Southwest Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure which involved, simple random, stratified and proportionate sampling techniques was used to select sample for the study. Two sets of instruments tagged “Leadership Integrity and Openness Questionnaire” (LIOQ) and “University Effectiveness Questionnaire (UEQ)” were used for the study. The two instruments were validated by experts with LIOQ and UEQ yielding reliability coefficients of 0.79 and 0.81 respectively.  The data were analysed using inferential statistics. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study showed that there was significant relationship between leadership traits and universities effectiveness in Southwest, Nigeria. The study showed that leadership integrity and openness correlated significantly with university effectiveness. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that management of universities should endeavour to build good leadership traits in its management staff by exposing them to regular leadership and management seminars and conferences for efficient and effective management towards enhancing the level of university effectiveness.

Citation: Oluyemisi K. Olaogun and  Haastrup T. Ekundayo (2021) Integrity and Openness as Correlates of University Effectiveness in Southwest, Nigeria, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 9, No.9, pp.21-31

 

Keywords: Integrity, Nigeria, Southwest, openness, university effectiveness

Prevalence and Outcome of Cardiovascular Disease among Admitted Patients in State Tertiary Health Facility, Southwest, Nigeria (Published)

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are major causes of morbidity and disabilities globally with high prevalence in developing countries including Nigeria. Therefore, this study employed a retrospective research survey to determine the prevalence and outcome of cardiovascular diseases among admitted patients in medical wards, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Southwest, Nigeria. The objectives of this study are to: determine the prevalence of CVD among admitted patients; find out the outcome of CVD among admitted patients. This study was a 5years retrospective descriptive study of consecutive adult patient with diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases admitted into male and female medical wards, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, a tertiary health facility in Osun state Nigeria, between January 2014 and December 2019. Data that were extracted from admission and discharge register include age, sex, date of admission, diagnosis, and date of discharge or death, outcome of management and complications. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed 23.1% prevalent rate of cardiovascular disease which was found to be high among males than females. Cardiovascular diseases discovered in the study area were hypertensive heart disease, congestive cardiac failure, dilated cardiomyopathy, ischeamic and hemorrhagic stroke. The study further revealed that majority of the patients improved and discharged home. In conclusion, cardiovascular diseases were observed to be high in the study area with high prevalence among male patients aged 60 – 69 years. It is therefore recommended that early detection, prompt management should be ensured, appropriate preventive measure such as regular exercise, diet regulation and regular check-up should be encouraged to reduce complications, need for hospital admission and improve outcome of cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: Nigeria, Prevalence, Southwest, admitted patients, cardiovascular disease, state tertiary health facility