Tag Archives: southeastern nigeria

Traditional Societies and Pre-Colonial Security System: Interrogating the Ekpe Society in Southeastern Nigeria (Published)

Traditional societies had long developed indigenous methods of maintaining law and order in their communities. For the multi-lingual, multi-ethnic and multi-religious communities of south-eastern Nigeria, unity was not based on central government, but rather in little chiefdoms and settlements, each having its own lodge of the highest authority known as ‘ekpe’ society. Ekpe is a traditional society, indigenous to the people, strengthened by the corporate authority of the community, from where it also derived its authority to govern, since the members where representatives of the communities. The paper attempts to draw lessons from this society whose knowledge of governance in relation to traditional security was indigenous. It concludes that its effectiveness made it become a strong tool for intergroup cohesion. By way of recommendation, the paper advocates for security establishments to open their doors and collaborate with traditional societies for effective security, just as other fields of endeavours like medical practice is doing with traditional medical practice.

 

Keywords: Keep Society, Pre-Colonial Security System, southeastern nigeria, traditional Societies

An Investigation on Crime Rate in Southeastern Nigeria (Published)

The modern world is everything but a safe place. This sad but indisputable fact has been proven to be true by several research. Crime rate is souring in this part of the continent and there exists many determinant to this anti-societal behavior amongst the people. In this paper, those variables that are crime prone in Southeastern Nigeria over a 10 year study period were determined using Principal Component Analysis (PCA); a Multivariate Statistical Technique that is use to reduce the dimensionality of a large number of interrelated crime variables while retaining as much of the information as possible. Data were collected on seven crime variables, from the data bank of National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). Moderate correlations exists between sizeable number of crimes, two principal components was extracted using the scree plot, explaining 86.4% of the total variation in the dataset. The highest and most committed crime in the study region are Armed Robbery, Murder and Grievous Harm and Wounding

Keywords: Eigenvalues, Principal Component Analysis, crime rate, scree plot, southeastern nigeria

An Investigation on Crime Rate in Southeastern Nigeria (Published)

The modern world is everything but a safe place. This sad but indisputable fact has been proven to be true by several research. Crime rate is souring in this part of the continent and there exists many determinant to this anti-societal behavior amongst the people. In this paper, those variables that are crime prone in Southeastern Nigeria over a 10 year study period were determined using Principal Component Analysis (PCA); a Multivariate Statistical Technique that is use to reduce the dimensionality of a large number of interrelated crime variables while retaining as much of the information as possible. Data were collected on seven crime variables, from the data bank of National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). Moderate correlations exists between sizeable number of crimes, two principal components was extracted using the scree plot, explaining 86.4% of the total variation in the dataset. The highest and most committed crime in the study region are Armed Robbery, Murder and Grievous Harm and Wounding.

Keywords: Eigenvalues, Principal Component Analysis, crime rate, scree plot, southeastern nigeria