Tag Archives: Solid Waste

Assessment of the Use of Dustbin on Solid Waste Management Practices in Public Secondary Schools in North-Eastern States, Nigeria (Published)

This paper investigated used of dustbin collection method of solid waste management practice in public secondary schools in North Eastern States of Nigeria. One research question and one Hypothesis was formulated. A descriptive survey research design was used in this study. The population for the study comprised the entire public secondary schools in North Eastern States, Nigeria with a population of 18,595 (eighteen thousand, five hundred and ninety-five). The sample size used for this study was three hundred and seventy-seven (377) respondents. The researchers used simple random sampling technique to select three states in the North Eastern States, Nigeria. Six (6) public secondary schools were selected from the three (3) selected states. Data collection instrument was research developed questionnaire; duly validated by expert of Health Education and has a reliability index of 0.84. Out of three hundred and seventy-seven questionnaire copies that were administered, three hundred and forty-nine were duly completed and returned for analysis. Percentage/ frequency count was used to describe the demographic characteristics of the respondents; chi-square was used to test the Hypothesis at significant level of 0.05. The finding for this study revealed that, public secondary schools in North Eastern States, Nigeria significantly practiced the used of dustbin collection method of solid waste management practice in their schools. It was recommended among others that North Eastern State governments and pubic secondary school administrators should collaborate with NGOs and Ministry of Health to double their effort on creating awareness for the utilization of dustbin method practice to reduces the danger of hazards of solid waste.

Citation: Salihu S., Salihu A.Y.,Adamu K., Giade A.Y., Idris S.A. (2022) Assessment of the Use of Dustbin on Solid Waste Management Practices in Public Secondary Schools in North-Eastern States, Nigeria, International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research, 10 (4), 1-7

Keywords: Solid Waste, dustbin collection method, public schools

Evaluation of Factors Determining the Household’s Willingness to Pay for Improved Solid Waste Management Services: The Case of Logia Town. (Published)

This paper evaluated the factors determining the households WTP for improved solid waste management services in Logia town.  In this study 201 respondents are included to analyses the household’s willingness to pay for improved solid waste management services in the logia town using the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) techniques. The Sampling technique respondents were selected by lottery method (simple random methods) because of the population homogeneity. Both primary and secondary sources of information were collected and the study was applied a binary logit model. Out of 201 respondents, about 65.17% are willing to pay for improved SWM services with an average maximum willingness to pay is 13 Birr per month this shows households have an interest to contribute to environmental protection. The result shows that respondents age, distance between resident area and waste disposal facility, unpaid options (all with negative), sanitary supervisor visit, dwelling type and attitude (awareness) (all with positive) have  significant effects on the willingness to pay for improved solid waste management services. In conclusion, the majority of the households are willing to pay for improved solid waste management services, which implies that any policy effective for improved solid waste management services in the study area is needed.

Keywords: Contingent Valuation Method, Solid Waste, Willingness to pay, afar region, binary logit model

The Feeding of Birds on Solid dumps in Limbe Municipality, Southwest Region, Cameroon (Published)

Solid waste management has become one of the most crucial issues facing authorities in the fast-growing cities in developing countries. However, rubbish dumps constitute appropriate feeding sites for many bird species, serving as stop over sites and a source of food for many species of birds, especially in those altered or heavily human transformed areas. The study of bird urban ecology has recently grown as a research area, because urban environments can, like nature reserves, help to preserve bird species. The main objective of this study was to examine the feeding activity of wild birds on solid-dumps in Limbe municipality. The research area was divided into four zones, north, south, east, and western zone. Four dump-sites were randomly selected from each zone and were visited twice a week for research data collection. Observations were done on the dumps from 6:00am – 6:00pm, and the activities of all the birds were recorded during this period. More so, the ecological conditions like weather type, photo-period, weight estimate of dumps, proximity of dump to residential homes, major dump materials, and the land scape were recorded. This study observed that the activity of Passer griseus (27%) and Ploceus cucullatus (49%) were higher as compared to Ploceus luteolus (4%), Lanius collaries (5%), Corvus albus 8%), Bubulcus ibis (5%), and Pycnonotus barbatus (2%) respectively. Moreover, the study revealed a significance between bird feeding activity on waste type, photo-period, and weather condition, r = 0.170 P=0.013, r = 0.146 P=0.034, and X2 = 6.343 df=4 P<0.05 respectively. Additionally, the major solid waste materials on the dump-sites were household waste (68%), market waste (29%), medical waste (2%), and office waste (1%). The implication of birds in recycling tropical pathogens such as salmonella species and related micro-organisms has been documented in many countries, hence, proper waste management strategies needs to be implemented by the authorities to reduce the activity of birds and other vectors.

Keywords: Household Waste, Solid Waste, residential homes, urban environment, wild birds

Assessment of Solid Waste Disposal System in Jimeta, Adamawa State, Nigeria (Published)

Solid wastes are generally generated through domestic, commercial and industrial activities, among others. For proper environmental sanitation and good health of the people, solid wastes need to be disposed properly. The aim of the paper is to assess solid wastes disposal in Jimeta. Data for the study were generated from both the primary and Secondary Sources using the questionnaire administration. For detailed field data gathering, 270 samples were selected form 7 ward of the Local Government Area. The paper has identified several methods of solid wastes disposal of which the open dumping method predominates, followed by the open container method of waste disposal. The waste was often disposed of either on the frequency of once per day, forthrightly or once per week. However, majority of the people believe that the current methods of solid waste disposal are not satisfactory it is therefore concluded that public enlightenment should be carried out to change the attitude of the public towards maintaining good sanitary conditions through proper disposal of solid wastes in addition to the introduction of solid wastes recycling.

Keywords: Disposal, Facility, Sanitary, Solid Waste

An Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, West Africa (Published)

Solid waste disposal and management is both an urban and rural challenge; however, this paper focused on municipal solid waste from the perspective of household waste management system in Lafia, Nasarawa State. Questionnaires were randomly distributed to households in eight communities in Lafia metropolis. The quantity and composition of waste generated was determined. The average waste generation per household was found to be 0.65kg/capita/day. The composition shows that 67.6% was made up of biodegradable material while 32.4% were recyclable materials. Lack of adequate waste collection system and proximity to dumpsites were attributed to causing dumping by residents in drains/gutters. Open burning is the major method of treatment discovered by the study. Finally, the paper suggested sustainable environmental education program by the state government to the populace and private sector participation in the disposal and management of solid waste.

Keywords: Household Waste, Solid Waste, Waste Disposal, Waste Management

An Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, West Africa (Published)

Solid waste disposal and management is both an urban and rural challenge; however this paper focused on municipal solid waste from the perspective of household waste management system in Lafia, Nasarawa State. Questionnaires were randomly distributed to households in eight communities in Lafia metropolis. The quantity and composition of waste generated was determined. The average waste generation per household was found to be 0.65kg/capita/day. The composition shows that 67.6% was made up of biodegradable material while 32.4% were recyclable materials. Lack of adequate waste collection system and proximity to dumpsites were attributed to causing dumping by residents in drains/gutters. Open burning is the major method of treatment discovered by the study. Finally the paper suggested sustainable environmental education program by the state government to the populace and private sector participation in the disposal and management of solid waste.

Keywords: Household Waste, Solid Waste, Waste Disposal, Waste Management

VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF BOREHOLES LOCATED CLOSE TO LEMNA LANDFILL IN CALABAR METROPOLIS, NIGERIA (Published)

Solid waste mostly garbage, agriculture and industrial waste are disposed in landfills where it decomposes and produces a leachate that can contaminate underlying groundwater. Waste management has remained an undisputable environmental problem in Nigeria. This has manifested in the form of indiscriminate disposal of wastes and illegal landfills and dumps along main roads and streets, and the problem is compounded by the generation of enormous quantities of waste.  In the developing world such as Nigeria, borehole water users hardly treat water before usage and this poses a serious threat to their health since the utilized this untreated water for consumption, domestic uses, agriculture and industrial purposes.  Groundwater studies have ascertained that leachates from landfill migrate in the direction of groundwater flow to contaminate the underlying aquifer.  The study assessed the vulnerability of borehole located close to Lemna dumpsite in Calabar Municipality.  Borehole water samples were collected from ten designated boreholes and their physicochemical parameters were analysed.  The length, breadth and depth of the landfill were measured with a tape and meter rule. The length of the landfill was 960m, the width 430m and the depth 180m. Geographical positioning system (GPS) was used to obtain the static water level from where the groundwater flow map was deduced.  Parameters such as BOD, DO, Fe2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, faecal and total coliform count values when compared with world health organization standard (WHO) were seen to exceed the recommended value.  The research revealed that groundwater flow from the North to South, carrying along with it dissolved waste materials and leachates which infiltrates into the borehole water and contaminates it, thereby rendering it unsuitable for drinking and domestic use.  The researchers therefore suggested that the base of landfills should be properly coated with concrete or cellophanematerials to avoid leachates infiltrating into the groundwater.  Recycling of municipal waste, proper education and awareness on solid waste management should be encouraged in the study area.

Keywords: Contaminants And Infiltration, Landfill, Leachate, Solid Waste

Vulnerability Assessment of Boreholes Located Close To LEMNA Landfill in Calabar Metropolis (Review Completed - Accepted)

Solid waste mostly garbage, agriculture and industrial waste are disposed in landfills where it decomposes and produces a leachate that can contaminate underlying groundwater. Waste management has remained an undisputable environmental problem in Nigeria. This has manifested in the form of indiscriminate disposal of wastes and illegal landfills and dumps along main roads and streets, and the problem is compounded by the generation of enormous quantities of waste.  In the developing world such as Nigeria, borehole water users hardly treat water before usage and this poses a serious threat to their health since the utilized this untreated water for consumption, domestic uses, agriculture and industrial purposes.  Groundwater studies have ascertained that leachates from landfill migrates in the direction of groundwater flow to contaminate the underlying aquifer.  The study assessed the vulnerability of borehole located close to Lemna dumpsite in Calabar Municipality.  Borehole water samples were collected from ten designated boreholes and their physicochemical parameters were analysed.  The length, breadth and depth of the landfill were measured with a tape and meter rule. The length of the landfill was 960m, the width 430m and the depth 180m. Geographical positioning system (GPS) was used to obtained the static water level from where the groundwater flow map was deduced.  Parameters such as BOD, DO, Fe2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, faecal and total coliform count values when compared with world health organization standard (WHO) were seen to exceed the recommended value.  The research revealed that groundwater flow from the North to South, carrying along with it dissolved waste materials and leachates which infiltrates into the borehole water and contaminates it, thereby rendering it unsuitable for drinking and domestic use.  The researchers therefore suggested that the base of landfills should be properly coated with concrete or cellophanematerials to avoid leachates infiltrating into the groundwater.  Recycling of municipal waste, proper education and awareness on solid waste management should be encouraged in the study area.

Keywords: Contaminants, Infiltration, Landfill, Leachate, Solid Waste