The Philosophical and Sociological Implications behind the Adinkra Symbol ‘Nyàmé Ǹwú Nà Màwù’ (Published)
It has become very necessary that we highlight on some adinkra symbols but particularly the Nyàmé ǹwú nà màwù’ symbol. In recent times, the use of adinkra symbols has become sparingly in use all in the name of modernization and the downgrading of old customs and traditions. Because of these emerging trends in our Ghanaian society, it has become crucial and relevant for us to reignite the insightful meanings of these symbols into our Ghanaian societies and what they stand for in our day to day activities as humans. The adinkra symbols have rich cultural relevance in pre-modern times, modern times and post-modern times. The symbol Nyàmé ǹwú nà màwù, simply means “God never dies, therefore I shall not die”. This gives hope and assurance to people even as it inspires them of their human existence. Literature from scholars who have written extensively on the subject were reviewed. Philosophical and sociological implications were drawn from these literatures in bid of applying them to human existence and living. It has been realized that this symbol serves as a way of communicating. It is therefore encouraged by the study that these adinkra symbols particularly Nyàmé ǹwú nà màwù, should be used often in our local and traditional settings in order to inspire our society and the generations to come to have that hope and confidence in their existence that so far as God exists and not dead, they also exist. By doing this, as a country our youth and people would be motivated to work hard to promote national development because these symbols and their meanings redefine their human existence and inspire them to aspire.
The Effect of Socio-Economic Factors on Sustainable Food Consumption in Developing Economies (Published)
This study was aimed at determining socio-economic factors influencing sustainable food consumption in developing countries. Nigeria which is regarded as the ‘giant’ of Africa with a total population of over 200 million was used for the study. The growing global population has given an ardent need to focus specially on sustainability issues arising from food consumption. The Socio-economic domain dwells on food affordability while emphasizing the social acceptability of foods. Various economic and sociological theories such as Engels law, Keynesian theory and Veblenian theory were reviewed and previous empirical works in these areas discussed. Selected households from the south eastern part of Nigeria were used as respondents for the study and the formulated hypotheses tested with the use of multiple regression. Results reveal a significant relationship between product price, income and education, social groups and substitutes on food consumption. Findings were discussed and conclusions drawn thereof.
A Sociological Analysis of the Impact of Solid Minerals Mining On Community Development in Nasarawa State: A Study of Awe Local Government Area (Published)
Nigeria’s economic history shows that the solid minerals sector was a major player in the country’s economy before the discovery of oil, contributing about 12 per cent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Generally, the exploitations of solid minerals always take place in communities where they are deposited. The activities involved in the process cannot be divorced from the social interactions and relationships between the miners and host communities. It has been observed that mining activities have great degrading effects on physical environment of the host communities, which can negatively affect the socio-economic development of the mining communities and cause serious health hazards for the members of the communities. The thrust of this research is to examine the impact of mining activities on the development of the host communities particularly, now that the economic policies of Nigerian government is focusing more on mining as a better alternative source of revenue for government. This study employed survey research design approach to analyze causal explanation. For the purpose of this study, three mining communities in the study area were selected using cluster sampling, namely Abuni, Azara and Mairago. The principal methods of data collection used are closed-ended questionnaire, in-depth interview and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Based on the research questions, the analysis of data is both quantitative and qualitative. The study revealed that mining sector has the potential for creating jobs, greater GDP and huge exports but a greater amount of Nigerian miners are artisanal small scale operators, who conduct explorations of minerals without adequate equipment. The study discovers that there has been cordial and harmonious relationship between the host communities and mining companies in the area under study. The study concludes that mining companies has contributed to community development in the area according to their capacity. It therefore recommends among others that the potential of solid mineral sector notwithstanding, there is the need for environmental impact assessment of the host communities before any mining activity to reduce environmental hazards. Establishing and maintaining mutual trust between people and the mining companies should be the main goal of the community partnership. The mining companies should always recognize the need for cooperation with the community and to encourage members of the community to be involved in their own development.