Tag Archives: Socio-economic impacts

Socio-Economic Impact of Coronavirus on Livelihoods in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria (Published)

The whole world is faced with a pandemic that threaten not only the health of humanity but also the economic and social aspect of life especially for a disadvantage City like Makurdi. The central issue the paper address is the socio-economic impact of coronavirus with focus on protecting livelihoods of the urban poor. The paper investigated the socio-economic impact of coronavirus on livelihoods in Makurdi using primary sources of data. Socio-economic impact rating by respondents was analyzed using weighted sum and weighted mean to rank impact of coronavirus on livelihoods in Makurdi. The result shows that, loss of business capital was rank 1st on impact of coronavirus on livelihoods, follow by reduce income generation 2nd, education expenses affected 3rd, difficulty to pay bills 4th, reduce standard of living 5th, increase crime/violence 6th, result to livelihood lost 7th, low productivity 8th, create more debt 9th, and create social distance was ranked 10th and last on the hierarchy list of impacts. The paper concluded that, the pandemic has both social and economic impact on people’s lives and livelihoods and it has push many people into poverty and many have lost their sources of  livelihoods. The paper recommended suspension of taxes on small scale businesses, provision of soft and long-term loans to small and medium scale businesses, and provision of scholarship to both primary and secondary schools to reduce out of school children in order to protect the future of the younger generation.

Keywords: Livelihoods, Makurdi, Socio-economic impacts, coronavirus

Impact of Agroforestry Educational Program: A Case of Small-Scale Holders (Published)

Agroforestry is a sustainable land-use system that offers multiple benefits compared to sole operation of its components. Tuskegee University Cooperative Extension in collaboration with the 1890 Agroforestry Consortium developed a training handbook and educated 50 farmers, forestland owners, community educators, and professionals to implement and expand agroforestry practices in the Southeast. An impact assessment was carried out to measure the changes in people’s knowledge, attitude, behavior, and condition. An online SurveyMonkey, field visits, and follow-up communications were introduced to collect data. A descriptive and correlation analysis were carried out to assess impact of the program. Results showed that 100% of respondents greatly strengthened their knowledge concerning agroforestry practices, 60% of the respondents applied the acquired knowledge, 50% adopted agroforestry practices, 70% diversified the sources of income, and 537 people were benefitted through spillover effect. Agroforestry operation enhances land use efficiency, diversifies income sources, and increases socio-economic and environmental benefits.  

Keywords: Financial Risk Reduction, Income Diversification, Knowledge and Skills, Socio-economic impacts, Training-of-Trainers

Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Surface Mining in Udege District Nasarawa State Nigeria. (Review Completed - Accepted)

The mining industry remains the backbone of many economies in the developing world. This paper has examined the socio-economic and associated environmental impacts of surface mining in Udege District Nasarawa, The study established the local mining methods, examined the socio-economic and environmental impacts of surface and illegal mining on the host communities, and assessed the benefits of surface mining in the study area. The study used both primary data and secondary data in constructing the quantitative and qualitative data base. Primary data were obtained by means of focus group discussion (FGD), questionnaires administration and participants’ observation. However out of 150 questionnaires administered, 125 were validated by respondents for statistical analyses. Socio-economic responses enlisted from the respondents in the study area were analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis and the “Chokor” severity scale; the socio-economic concerns were gauged on a scale of 1-5. The mining methods identified in the study area are determined by certain factors which included the position and the alignment of the volcanic veins containing the minerals, the nature of the implements used and the availability of water. Among the methods used to extract minerals in the study area include: the “Hydraulitiking and grave pumping” methods, “cafanchaning” method, “Loto” method and the “Ground sluice” method. The mining process involves the random sinking of mining pits for the exploitation of the tin and columbite, with devastating effect on the environment as opened pits are not covered after mining. The activity which is rudimentary and non-regulated contributes to secondary devastation of the arable land with resultant effects on the land, ecosystem, and health threads to inhabitants. The overall after-math effect lives much to be desired in terms of environmental degradation, potential health hazards and ground water pollution amongst others.The study found abandoned pits and heaps of sand, deforestation and uprooting of trees at mining sites, and pollution of community water sources as the most environmental concerns in the study area, while other issues like collapse of building and chemical effects were voted absent in the study area. More so, four (4) socio-economic issues which include truancy in school attendance reduce farming activities, water pollution and other health related risks were ranked as serious and very serious in the community. The most serious issue on the scale is water pollution which in turns informs other health related risks. In terms of benefits, 35% of respondents benefited from mining as a source of employment; 33% in income generation, while 15% from increased marketing of farm produce. The result of the analyzes showed that consequences of mining activities were not limited to distortion of soil landscape but also included extinction of some animals, poor agricultural productivity, health problems, lack of education, communal conflicts, land degradation, mine pits and other structural damages. The impact of these changes has restricted most host community, who depend on agriculture for subsistence, from advancing and improving their livelihoods.

Keywords: Environmental Impacts, Open cast mining, Socio-economic impacts, Surface mining