Tag Archives: Socio-Demographic Variables

Demographic Variable and Job Stress as Predictors of Depression among Primary School Teachers in Lagos State of Nigeria (Published)

Issues of increase rate of sick leave, mood swing, fatigue and decreased energy, Feelings of worthlessness and helplessness which could be responsible for discontent and poor morale, low teaching efficiency, poor relationships with pupils, parents and subordinate, premature retirement, more internal conflicts and dysfunctional workplace climate among primary school teachers which can also be link with their wellbeing attracted the attention of this study. This study adopted cross sectional research design and Questionnaires were used to gather data from the primary school teachers. Purposive sampling technique was used to select two hundred primary school teachers who participated in the study. Data collected was analyzed using version 20.0 of statistical package for social sciences. The findings of this study revealed that that there is no significant difference in the depression of female teachers compare to male teachers among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria  (t(198)=-1.249, p>.05). it was also discovered that that out of the socio-demographic variable, only monthly income made significant independent contribution to depression among primary school teachers (b=-0.227; t = -2.780; p<0.05). The result also revealed that primary school teachers with high stress reported higher depression than their counterpart with low stress (t(198)=-12.41, p<.05). Further analysis revealed that job stress and working experience had no significant joint influence on depression (F(5,194)=2.975; p>0.05; R=0.171,  R2=0.029), and also showed that job stress made significant independent contribution to depression (b=0.162; t = 2.287; p<0.05) while working experience had no significant independent contribution to depression (b=-0.077; t = -1.091; p>0.05). The study concluded that there is significant influence of job stress and monthly income on depression among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria and recommend that government, stakeholders and investors in the field of education should review the job roles of primary school teacher as this study discovered that many of their roles constituted stress and result to depression.

Keywords: Depression, Job Stress, Primary School, Socio-Demographic Variables, Teachers

Socio-Demographic Variables Influencing Involvement in Exercise as Health Promotion Practice among Female Police Officers in Imo State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the socio-demographic variables influencing involvement in exercise as health promotion practice among female police officers in Imo State, Nigeria using a cross-sectional survey design. A structured and validated questionnaire with reliability co-efficient of 0.849 was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The study revealed that female police officers are involved in exercise which is a positive health promotion practice. There is significant difference in the involvement in exercise among female police officers in Imo State with respect to marital status. Age makes significant difference in the involvement in exercise among female police officers in Imo State. There is significant difference in the involvement in exercise among female police officers in Imo State with respect to level of education. Religion makes significant difference in the involvement in exercise among female police officers in Imo State. It was recommended that the female police officers should sustain their exercise pattern. There should be more sensitization workshops, seminars and conferences by Nigeria Police Force for female police officers to encourage them to continue in their exercise behaviour.

Keywords: Exercise, Female Police Officers, Health promotion, Socio-Demographic Variables

Demographic Variable and Job Stress as Predictors of Depression among Primary School Teachers in Lagos State of Nigeria (Published)

Issues of increase rate of sick leave, mood swing, fatigue and decreased energy, Feelings of worthlessness and helplessness which could be responsible for discontent and poor morale, low teaching efficiency, poor relationships with pupils, parents and subordinate, premature retirement, more internal conflicts and dysfunctional workplace climate among primary school teachers which can also be link with their wellbeing attracted the attention of this study. This study adopted cross sectional research design and Questionnaires were used to gather data from the primary school teachers. Purposive sampling technique was used to select two hundred primary school teachers who participated in the study. Data collected was analyzed using version 20.0 of statistical package for social sciences. The findings of this study revealed that that there is no significant difference in the depression of female teachers compare to male teachers among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria  (t(198)=-1.249, p>.05). it was also discovered that that out of the socio-demographic variable, only monthly income made significant independent contribution to depression among primary school teachers (b=-0.227; t = -2.780; p<0.05). The result also revealed that primary school teachers with high stress reported higher depression than their counterpart with low stress (t(198)=-12.41, p<.05). Further analysis revealed that job stress and working experience had no significant joint influence on depression (F(5,194)=2.975; p>0.05; R=0.171,  R2=0.029), and also showed that job stress made significant independent contribution to depression (b=0.162; t = 2.287; p<0.05) while working experience had no significant independent contribution to depression (b=-0.077; t = -1.091; p>0.05). The study concluded that there is significant influence of job stress and monthly income on depression among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria and recommend that government, stakeholders and investors in the field of education should review the job roles of primary school teacher as this study discovered that many of their roles constituted stress and result to depression.

Keywords: Depression, Job Stress, Primary School, Socio-Demographic Variables, Teachers