Symbolic Interactionism from Theoretical Origin to the Role of Social Interaction and International Integration (Published)
Weighting scale symbolizes justice. Heart symbolizes love. Pigeons symbolize peace. All these ideas are formed through the common symbolic system of humankind, transcending barriers of language, culture, ethnicity, competence and qualifications. They become tools for the formation of social interactions between individuals, communities, within a country or internationally.
The purpose of this study was to discover whether Twitter could improve the students’ reading comprehension and their written communication in English. The course was designed to extend the students’ reading competence through reading the external links on Twitter and the Twitter activities were to facilitate not only the students’ reading fluency, but also the students’ writing skills by having the learners to engage in the asking and answering questions activities. The results of the average scores progressed greatly from the students’ pretest to the posttest. From the t-test analysis of the participants’ full scores on their both exams, the students’ mean score was 78.04 and SD was 9.226 in their posttest which showed better performance than their pretest. The mean score in their pretest was 60.24 and SD was 7.996. The analysis showed p < .05 which indicated a significant difference. This showed that the majority of the students’ English proficiency had improved in their reading comprehension and writing skills. The writing fluency was evaluated by a number of short-essay questions related to the students’ materials in their textbook. The rubrics of the assessment were based on three principles; relevant to the topics, depth of the idea, and grammatical structure of the sentences. Furthermore, over 95 percent of the students felt that Twitter made a positive impact on their English learning as well as their motivation based on the result in the questionnaire.
Use of Smartphones in Moshood Abiola Polytechnic, Abeokuta, Nigeria and the Gratification Concept: A Factor Analytic Report (Published)
Consumers are emotionally attached to products that make life easy. The economics aphorism that says ‘human being are rational; they tend to derive maximum enjoyment from their last penny’ seems to have taken its course in the consumption habit of an average human being. Observably, most products now come with value addition or multiple functions that gratifies the user. The Android smartphone is one. Being a consumer-nation, the Western world is busy flooding the Nigerian market with all manner of products without reference to whether or not the people have mastered the previous technology enough. However, recent studies have shown that smartphone products have both the good and bad sides of it. This survey study investigates the use of smartphones among the students of Moshood Abiola Polytechnic, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria and the gratification that they get from it. One objective and one research question were set to guide the study. Sample size of 380 was taken as sample from of 27,000 students. Systematic random sampling was used, which means that only those who possess android smartphones are qualified. Questionnaire was used as research instrument while data collected were analyzed with the aid of factor analysis. Findings, after the factorial grouping and extraction shows that students are most gratified in the area of social interaction with a percentage variance of 27.174 than any of the other three factors.
This research applied the sociometric theory to develop methodologies focused to enhance the performance and integration of multicultural work teams, as part of one the authors’ master dissertation. Sociometric tests were administered in a purposive sample of N=26 students from twelve countries, in four different scenarios: (i) work team, (ii) leadership, (iii) trip (leisure time) and (iv) personal problem. Two additional questions were asked about: (v) how they felt when they answered the survey and (vi) which question(s) was/were difficult to answer and why. The focus on these two questions was to understand the emotional state of the respondents when they answered the survey and related this emotional state to the Sociometric Theory. The results were organized on sociometric matrices, through MS Excel. Data were analyzed for each scenario presented. Furthermore, the software Kumu was used as a tool to further analyze the connections between the people in the selected group using three metrics: (a) size, (b) degree centrality and (c) indegree. Also Kumu was used to draw the sociometric maps. Finally, a methodology on how studying relationships inside companies, to design teams and to identify the best work team based on the interrelationship between the people as well as the lack of communication among the team members, project team or inside the company as a whole. Discussion and future research recommendations complete the present work.