Assessment of Social Capital Formation: A Case Study of Fadama III AF Project Intervention in Sokoto State, Nigeria (Published)
The major focus of this paper was to evaluate social capital formation and its implications to the achievement of Fadama III AF project among Fadama III AF beneficiaries in Sokoto state. Respondents for the study were drawn from seven local government areas of Sokoto state. The survey was conducted using structured questionnaire administered by trained enumerators. To ensure clarity and interpretability, the questionnaire were pre-tested on 40 respondents from the target population, before the main survey. Cluster/group level data via structured questionnaire was used for the study. Two hundred & sixty (260) respondents were randomly selected for the study and 242 questionnaires were used for the survey. The analytical tools used in the methodology include the descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and correlation analysis. The result on socio-economic characteristics showed that the average age of the respondents was 43.64 years while the variable for education has a value of 9.24 years, average of 6 years and maximum of 12 years. For household size, the average value was 7.23 people indicating that the respondents maintain fairly large households and the value for years of experience was 24 indicating that the respondents had long years of experience in farming with a minimum of 3 years and a maximum of 60 years. Mean for the number of skills acquired due to Fadama III AF intervention was 2.4 while the variable for the duration of Fadama III AF training was 2.35 days with a minimum of 0 and maximum of 10 days. This implied that each beneficiary received training for at least 3.3 days and some were trained for a maximum period of 10 days. Result of the study on determinants of social capital formation showed less than 1% of the respondents reported that they were discriminated against based on social status. On other variables of group cohesion, transparency and social inclusion, the respondents reported positive signs of group cohesion. A chi- square value of 90 was obtained and the results of chi-square test showed that there was a significant association (P<.001) between the status of the respondents and the intervention they received. The result of the spearman correlation showed positive and strong association between leadership trust and beneficiary performance. A spearman rho value of 0.635 was obtained. Similarly, there was a correlation between leadership trust and beneficiaries’ income. The value of the correlation coefficient was 0.328 indicating a moderate relationship. Leadership transparency and beneficiaries’ performance had a rho value of 0.607 showing a strong and positive correlation. The study recommends that the peculiarities and the role of women in our society should always be taken into account through formation of separate groups exclusively for women, more emphasis should be given to the issue of natural resource management as well as climate education/adaptation
In fact, the capital, people often think of money, property… however there is a type of capital formed through personal relationships, friends… and it becomes helpful to help us solve problems in our life, it is called social capital. The paper objective is to study the factors affecting social capital in the context of connecting online through social networks. The results showed that there is a relationship between the reason for using social networks and the level of using social networks, the relationship between the level of using social networks and the components that make up the concept of social capital including friendship social capital, cooperative social capital and social capital maintained. In addition, the subjective of happy status of social network users also quite clearly affects the components of social capital.
Firm Size, Social Capital and Firm Profitability: An Empirical Study on Vietnamese Listed Companies (Published)
The research study is focusing on firm-specific determinants of firm profitability for Vietnamese listed companies over the 2010-2016 period with the theoretical framework of firm profitability. The results demonstrate that social capital is significantly correlated with a positive profitability of a firm. A larger firm can exactly have a lower cost of bankruptcy and a higher level of growth rate related to a higher level of performance. In addition, the firm growth can positively generate financial performance. An older firm is more profitable than a younger firm. A higher level of educational degree of managers has a higher level of firm profitability.
Impact of financial, social and human capital on entrepreneurial success (Published)
This paper analyzes the impact of financial, social and human capital on entrepreneurial success by examining initial investment in business, access to finance, network ties, trust in network, shared vision, education and experience as the predictors. The necessary data were collected using structured questionnaire on a sample of 118 Nepalese renewable energy enterprises having 264 respondents and analyzed through correlation and multiple regression analysis using IBM SPSS statistics 20. The study shows that the strong role played by access to finance, network ties, trust in network, education and experience while a weak role played by initial investment in business and shared vision in determining entrepreneurial success. This study is considered to be useful for biogas companies, solar companies and micro-hydro construction companies to grow their own business by focusing on the main factors affecting entrepreneurial success. The study can be further extended by incorporating other sectors of renewable energy such as, improved cooking stove, wind technology, and biomass sectors to get greater insight into the results.
The Influence of Social Capital in Table Banking On the Performance of Women-Owned Business Enterprises in Eldoret East Sub-County, Kenya (Published)
The study sought to understand the effects of table banking on performance of women-owned enterprises in Eldoret East Sub-County. Based on the study, this paper examines the extent to which social capital in table banking groups affects performance of women-owned enterprises. The study adopted a correlational research design with the target population being all women-owned enterprises in Eldoret East Sub-County from 2010 to 2014. A sample size of 384 respondents was obtained using Yomane formula of sample size. The study used multivariate linear Regression to establish the relationship between table baking and social capital and business performance indicators. Pearson product moment correlation(r) was applied to establish the relationship between the variables. From the findings of the research it was concluded that social capital has a strong positive effect on the business performance of women-owned enterprises. This is attributable to the fact that during meetings the members are able to discuss the challenges they face in running their businesses and how well they can improve their incomes. The study also established a positive correlation relationship between table banking and women-owned enterprises in Eldoret East Sub-County. It was, therefore, concluded that table banking has a positive influence on the business performance of women-owned enterprises in the area. The study recommends that women should be encouraged to form groups and register with the Ministry of Culture and Social Services.