Tag Archives: Social action

Religious Responses to the 21 August 1986 Lake Nyos Gas Disaster, Cameroon (Published)

Religion sits alongside other factors to determine the capacity to understand, respond and recover from Disaster. Following the occurrence of the Lake Nyos disaster and as it became clear that the horrifying natural episode marked a turning point in the lives of the hardest-hit communities, religious leaders and their faithful brought a faith perspective to the explanation and response to the event. This article focuses on these religious reactions to the Nyos disaster, and draws on published research, oral sources and previously unexplored archival sources. After presenting the pre-disaster religious landscape of the area, it first investigates religious explanations to the origins and impact of the event. Second, it explores ritual practices that were observed in response to the disaster. Finally, it highlights how the disaster was used as a justification for Christian social action and proselytization among survivors. In the conclusion, I make the case that the religious faiths in the Lake Nyos disaster area explained and responded to the event in ways that were couched in religious terms.

Keywords: Christianity, Disaster, Indigenous Religion, Islam, Lake Nyos, Proselytisation., Religion., Ritual, Social action, Theodicy

Passive Social Relationships as a Factor of Mobility Fulfillment of Public Spaces (Published)

The simplest element of human life is social action. Social action is a vital series of movements, which humans do to achieve a goal in relation with other human. People have an inherent need to social relations and therefore provide a situation that can experience the social relationship. The social and cultural relationships all happen in space so spaces contain social and cultural relations among certain groups and certain places. This happens in a specific period of time. So social life is located in spaces and time and limited by them. In the streets and urban centers and places, social activities generally have superficial modes; most of these activities are passive communication, like vision and hearing the sound of large number of anonymous people. But even this limited activity can also be very attractive. Today’s Life, the high speed causes the limited communication between citizens. In this busy fast life, more social activities (whether, willingly or unwillingly) is going to the passive social relationships. Transient looks, ambiguous and garbled sounds and…. This research in the first section is going to recognizethe social existing relations in Fahadan quarter of Yazd city and also existing public spaces in this area and in the next section the proposal of urban design strategies of public spaces in neighborhood level in order to prepare a good field and strengthening the passive social relations is taken into consideration. So in this way we can increase the quality of social relations between residents and also the amount of these relationships.

Keywords: Passive social relations, Social action, Vision, hearing, social relations