The role of small towns in economic development of villages of penetration areas: the case study of the city of Nosrat Abad (Published)
Today, migration from the countryside to the big cities is one of the problems facing the spatial and population structure of countries. In order to solve this problem, strengthening small towns and improve facilities in these cities has been considered by planners. The present study investigates the role of small towns in economic development of villages of penetration areas by studying the city of Nosrat Abad. The study population of this research is residents of villages near the city of Nosrat Abad which the sample size is 309 people based on Cochran formula. A researcher making questionnaire made by simple random sampling method was distributed among statistical sample. SPSS and GIS software have been used for studying the data and testing the hypothesis. Based on the analysis results, according to the statistical community, the second hypothesis was confirmed (t=6/914, p<0/05). If the economic infrastructure in the city of Nosrat Abad improves, this city can could influence the economic development of villages of its penetration areas.
Effects of Centralization in Small Towns on Spatial Organization of Rural Settlement (Case Study: Kang & Dehbar Village) (Published)
Centralization on small towns is led to functional changes in rural settlement. These changes are difference between rural settlements based on center city. On the other hand, given structural role of central cities, these cities have parasite influence on affective villages. The methodology of this study is descriptive –analytic and collecting data is done by documents-library. The data are generally gathered from scientific centre libraries like universities, organizations, institutes and research centers such as management and planning organization and internet, official statistics and censuses, urban development plans by consulting engineers, field study and so on. Also, was used from questioner tool