It is evident that poverty has remained a key challenge to mankind worldwide with a lot of resources being used to address the same with little success. It is worth noting that the definition of the single word has been the focus despite having different interpretations, with little concern put on its interpretation while coming up with projects to address the same. It was against that background that a cross sectional survey was conducted on two dairy projects targeting poverty reduction in Kilifi County Kenya. Forty farmers supported with dairy cows by Heifer International and Plan international were surveyed. The study observed that inadequacy in resources, knowledge, responsibility, skills and or ability played a key role in projects success and defining poverty. The study led to the definition of poverty as; “the inadequacy in resources, responsibility, knowledge, skills and/or ability to sustain a livelihood and/ or richness in a given community” A Regression model was also suggested to address the five variables in poverty reduction projects.