This paper seeks to give a clear understanding of Zakat application, taxes, and highlights their explanation according to Sharia law. Moreover, this paper gives a comprehensive example of undeveloped lands in Riyadh city in Saudi Arabia.
Investigating the possibility of applying Zakat or Fees to reduce undeveloped lands in Riyadh – Saudi Arabia (Published)
This study aims to identify and analyze the causes of the wide spread of undeveloped lands in Riyadh, evaluate current obstacles to reduce their size, analyze current government policies, critically evaluate current proposals, and suggesting recommendations to adjust regulations concerning undeveloped lands in Riyadh. The study opted to a mixed method approach through a questionnaire as a tool to collecting data. The sample was composed of 60 participants containing investors, brokers, real estate developers, religious scholars, law experts, government officials, and consumers. After analyzing the data, the results appeared as follows: Monopoly is on the top the obstructive factors, then comes the unwillingness of real estate investors to accelerate the development of their undeveloped lands, as well as the lack of basic rules concerning the donation of lands to citizens and the lack of procedures in monitoring the investment of undeveloped lands. The current government policies concerning undeveloped lands are not clearly defined or set in professional way. The researcher recommends an integrated plan consisting of chronologic stages of solving the whole case of undeveloped lands, starting with warning periods, giving priority to the most important and strategic pieces of land, and starting with the largest areas, as well as recommendation to fulfill further field studies about complicated cases of undeveloped lands in big cities of the Kingdom Saudi Arabia
This paper examines critically the implication of wide scale adoption of sharia in a multi religious and pluralistic Nigeria. Specifically, it studies the effect of the legal system on the national integration and unity which paradoxically constitutes mantra in the mouth of almost every Nigerian national. It is discovered that the entrenchment of the criminal and non-personal aspects of Islamic law by the core northern states had become a counter-point on the corporate existence of Nigeria. This is more so as the country’s Constitution had restricted the application of sharia to its personal regime. The Boko Haram menace that ravages the country and its environs may not be unconnected with the much dreamt of islamization of the whole sovereign enclave. Yet, it is further noted that the huge population of southern Christians that virtually constitute half of the nation’s population cannot be cowed into the proselytist agenda. This development is a threat to national unity. A comparative analysis of the socio-legal phenomenon in relation to Sudan before the emergence of South Sudan was a task before the writer, especially as the Muslim/Christian ratio in the pre-divided Sudan resembles that in Nigeria. More still, the comparison is ad rem as the north-south religious divide in both jurisdictions is almost coterminous. This study recommends national dialogue, religious toleration, patriotic spirit, avoidance of fanaticism, inter alia, as antidote to disintegration.