The study investigated the effect of dividend policy on shareholders wealth in Nigeria between 1987 and 2016. The study adopted market price per share as proxy for shareholders’ wealth and the dependent variable; while dividend per share, earnings per share and net assets per share were used as proxies for dividend policy and the explanatory variables. Secondary time series data was collected from the annual reports of sampled 25 quoted companies for the period. The study employed descriptive statistics, the Augmented Dickey Fuller unit root test, the Johansen co-integration procedure and ordinary least squares technique based on the E-views software to examine the link between the variables. The results revealed that earnings per share and net assets per share had positive influence on market price per share, but dividend per share had negative effect on market price per share. The study also found that the predictor variables had combined effect on market price of shares, but none of them had direct independent influence in determining the price of the stock in the market. The study therefore concludes that dividend pay-out policy does not have effect on shareholders’ wealth and shareholders do not react to dividend information. Based on this finding, the study recommends that firms operating within this environment should place down on the distribution of earnings as dividend but rather focus more on the investment of retained earnings for the expansion of the business to boost growth in earnings and net assets.
EFFECTS OF MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS ON SHAREHOLDERS’ WEALTH IN NIGERIAN BANKING INDUSTRY (Published)
Mergers and acquisitions that took place in Nigerian Banking Industry in 2005 were to create wealth for shareholders, provide solid and reliable banking institutions that can compete favourably with foreign financial institutions. Going by market value of the merged banks, shareholders wealth had been eroded, in some cases completely destroyed. The visible problems that confront the shareholders of merged banks include melt down of market prices of their shares on the stock market, depletion of shareholders fund due to huge losses incurred by the merged banks and lack of dividend pay out to the shareholders. Exploratory and correlation research designs were used. The population of this study is twenty five (25) consolidated banks as at 1st January, 2006. Stratified Sampling technique was adopted to arrive at fifteen (15) merged banks. Questionnaires were distributed to the staff of the merged banks. The instrument was validated and Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient result of 0.708 was obtained indicating the internal consistency of the instrument. Five hundred and fifty-seven (557) questionnaires were administered and a response rate of 58.3% was obtained. The findings of study showed that there was a significant relationship between shareholders wealth and capital base (ρ- value of 0.000), market share (ρ- value of 0.000), bank revenue (ρ- value of 0.000), cost savings (ρ- value of 0.000). The study concluded that mergers and acquisitions have positive effect on the shareholders wealth. The implication of findings is that, new capital brought in by shareholders of merged banks increase the size of banks total assets and revolutionized the way banks do their business. The study recommends that banks’ management should give proper attention to scope and scale of economies; eliminate redundancy, corrupt and inefficient staff; it is imperative for shareholders to always bring in fresh capital and Government should give bail-out loans to banks in distress.