Tag Archives: Shareholders Wealth

Dividend Policy and Performance of Listed Microfinance Banks in Nigeria (Published)

This research focuses on Dividend policy and its impact on performance of listed micro finance banks in Nigeria between2006 and 2021.The ordinary least square estimation technique and multiple regression method of data analysis was utilized..It was discovered that all the explanatory variables ie Return on Assets ,Liquidity ratio, Debt ratio and size of banks did not significantly impact Dividend Policy surrogated by Dividend Payout within the period of the study .It was therefore  suggested that micro finance banks should increase dividend payments to its shareholders and also expand their branch network .The Central Bank of Nigeria is also advised to step  up its supervisory role by plugging all loop holes through which liquidity is being depleted illegally by some of these micro finance banks.

Citation: Ozigbo A. Sylvester and Ekane Rapheal Ogagaoghene (2022) Dividend Policy and Performance of Listed Microfinance Banks in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 6, pp.46-55



Keywords: Real Sector, Shareholders Wealth, Wealth Maximization, finance gap, hybrid dividend policy

Cash Management and Performance of Listed Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria (Published)

Investors in the manufacturing companies expect that  managers entrusted with the responsibility of managing the operational activities of the companies are competent and optimally utilize the  resources, including the cash management to ensure quality returns to the equity holders. Studies have shown that most managers of the manufacturing companies are desirous of reporting robust and plausible performance reports, rather than ensuring effective and optimal cash management to avoid disruption of production process. Consequently, achieving these expectations of investors and ensuring good return on assets and impressing earnings per share, remain a major problem facing the managers. This study therefore investigated the impact of cash management on performance of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The study adopted ex-post facto research design, using population of 47 listed manufacturing companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange as at 31st December 2016. Fifteen companies were selected using a combination of stratified and purposive sampling technique. Data were extracted from published financial statements of the sampled manufacturing companies, the validity and reliability of the data were premised on the scrutiny of the external auditors. Descriptive statistics and inferential (Regression) statistics were used for data analysis. The result revealed that cash management had significant positive effect on performance on the following: Cash management had a positive and significant effect on Return on Asset with Adj R2=0.09, F- Stat(3.146) = 10.32, P-value= 0.032: Cash management had positive and significant effect on Tobins Q with Adj R2=0.16, F-Statistics (3.146) = 20.38 and P-value = 0.00, cash management with control variables had positive and significant effect on Return on Assets with Adj R2= 0.0137, F-stat (3.146) = 16.86 and P-value = 0.00. The result further revealed that cash management with control variable had positive and significant effect on Tobins Q with Adj R2-0.1086, F-Stat(3.146) = 23.26 and P-value of 0.00. The study concluded that, cash management has effect on performance of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The study recommended that shareholders, managers, policy makers, financial regulators and market participants should pay more attention to quality of earnings, returns on equity and assets of the companies. Managers should aggressively engage in optimal cash conversion cycle, currents assets and liquidity management and their optimal utilization in achieving their short and long term goals and safely satisfy shareholders objective.

Keywords: Cash management, Manufacturing Companies, Performance, Shareholders Wealth, value creation

Effect of Dividend Policy on Shareholders Wealth in Nigeria (1986 To 2016) (Published)

This study investigated the effect of dividend policy on shareholders wealth in Nigeria. Data were generated on market price per share (MPS), dividend per share (DPS), net asset per share (NAPS) and earnings per share (EPS) from annual report and accounts of twenty five quoted companies in  Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) Fact book and daily official list. To analyze the data, the statistical tools that have been used are ordinary least square regressions (OLS), unit root tests, Johansen cointegration and error correction model (ECM) for predicting the dividend policy effect on shareholder’s wealth. The significance of the   various explanatory variables has been tested by computing t-values. To determine the proportion of explained variation in the dependent variable, the coefficient of determination (R2) has been worked out. The significance of R2 has also been tested with the help of F-value. The results show that most of the variable except dividend per share had significant relationship with market price per share. The R2 and F-test shows that earnings, dividend and net assets has combined effect on market price of shares but none of these variables has direct independent influence in determining the price of share in the stock market. This paper, therefore conclude that dividend payout does not have effect on shareholders wealth and shareholders do not react to dividend information. It was therefore recommended that firms operating under this environment should ignore distribution of earning and concentrate with investments that will boost net assets.

Keywords: Dividend Policy, Nigeria, Shareholders Wealth

Effect of Dividend Policy on Shareholders Wealth in Nigeria (1987 – 2016) (Published)

The study investigated the effect of dividend policy on shareholders wealth in Nigeria between 1987 and 2016. The study adopted market price per share as proxy for shareholders’ wealth and the dependent variable; while dividend per share, earnings per share and net assets per share were used as proxies for dividend policy and the explanatory variables. Secondary time series data was collected from the annual reports of sampled 25 quoted companies for the period. The study employed descriptive statistics, the Augmented Dickey Fuller unit root test, the Johansen co-integration procedure and ordinary least squares technique based on the E-views software to examine the link between the variables. The results revealed that earnings per share and net assets per share had positive influence on market price per share, but dividend per share had negative effect on market price per share. The study also found that the predictor variables had combined effect on market price of shares, but none of them had direct independent influence in determining the price of the stock in the market. The study therefore concludes that dividend pay-out policy does not have effect on shareholders’ wealth and shareholders do not react to dividend information. Based on this finding, the study recommends that firms operating within this environment should place down on the distribution of earnings as dividend but rather focus more on the investment of retained earnings for the expansion of the business to boost growth in earnings and net assets.

Keywords: Dividend Policy, Earnings, Market price, Net assets, Shareholders Wealth


Mergers and acquisitions that took place in Nigerian Banking Industry in 2005 were to create wealth for shareholders, provide solid and reliable banking institutions that can compete favourably with foreign financial institutions. Going by market value of the merged banks, shareholders wealth had been eroded, in some cases completely destroyed. The visible problems that confront the shareholders of merged banks include melt down of market prices of their shares on the stock market, depletion of shareholders fund due to huge losses incurred by the merged banks and lack of dividend pay out to the shareholders. Exploratory and correlation research designs were used. The population of this study is twenty five (25) consolidated banks as at 1st January, 2006. Stratified Sampling technique was adopted to arrive at fifteen (15) merged banks. Questionnaires were distributed to the staff of the merged banks. The instrument was validated and Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient result of 0.708 was obtained indicating the internal consistency of the instrument. Five hundred and fifty-seven (557) questionnaires were administered and a response rate of 58.3% was obtained. The findings of study showed that there was a significant relationship between shareholders wealth and capital base (ρ- value of 0.000), market share (ρ- value of 0.000), bank revenue (ρ- value of 0.000), cost savings (ρ- value of 0.000). The study concluded that mergers and acquisitions have positive effect on the shareholders wealth. The implication of findings is that, new capital brought in by shareholders of merged banks increase the size of banks total assets and revolutionized the way banks do their business. The study recommends that banks’ management should give proper attention to scope and scale of economies; eliminate redundancy, corrupt and inefficient staff; it is imperative for shareholders to always bring in fresh capital and Government should give bail-out loans to banks in distress.

Keywords: Bank Revenue, Capital Base, Cost Savings, Market Share, Mergers and Acquisition, Shareholders Wealth