Key Success Factors of Total Quality Management (TQM) for the Hospitality Sector. A Critical Review of the Literature (Published)
The aim of this paper is to find the key practices of TQM, which are directly associated and implementable into hospitality sector by reviewing the literature of both service and manufacturing sector, and to outline key practices of TQM to develop a comprehensive and feasible quality framework for managers of SMEs to adopt the best TQM practices that enhance operational efficiency through quality improvement and to achieve optimal results, which is lacking in the literature. The researcher has applied a systematic literature review strategy to achieve the overall aim of this study. The systematic literature review has focused more on explaining the concepts comprehensively and in an organised manner. In this regard, the outline of the literature has been designed in such a manner, to go from a general perspective to a broader perspective to provide an in-depth discussion of the research topic. Data relevant to the research has been collected from scholarly articles and previous studies, to provide a clear understanding of the topic. Finally, this research makes an original contribution in the academic field as it enhances the knowledge of TQM among the managers and quality practitioners concerning key TQM practices, which are directly associated and can be implemented in the hospitality industry.
Influence of Entrepreneurial Networking on Small Enterprise Success: A Service Industry Perspective (Published)
The increasing use of networks for Small and Micro Enterprise has been reported as a factor of influents in development process of entrepreneurial activity. In Kenya Small and Micro enterprises account for over 70% of the enterprises. They are a source of livelihood of low income earners and also a major source of innovation in creating new products technologies and services. Entrepreneurial networking includes the linkages and connectivity through which entrepreneurs obtain information resources, knowledge and social support about market opportunities. While network relationships have been recognized as indispensable for SMEs to the achievement of growth, a particular focus on entrepreneurial networks in the service industry has been limited. The main objective of the study was to examine the influence of firm’s entrepreneurial networking and its influence on the success of Small and Micro enterprises in Eldoret Town in Uasin Gishu County. The study utilized exploratory survey design. Specific objectives were: to examine the relationship between entrepreneurial networks and enterprise success, and to determine the relationship between entrepreneurial ties and enterprise success. Small and Micro business owners in the service industry were divided into a sample and a simple random technique was employed whereas sample of 240 SMEs in the service was drawn from a target population of 600 registered SMEs in the service sector, Eldoret Town, Uasin Gishu County. The study was guided by Relational Theory of Social Networks. Data was sorted coded and analyzed using inferential statistics as: Pearson’s product moment correlation, Chi-Square methods and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple regressions. The study found out that, there was a strong positive relationship between networking [r=.683] and ties [r=.559] on entrepreneurial success. This indicated that an increase in networks and ties will lead to greator entrepreneurial success. It is hoped that the results of this study will assist to sharpen entrepreneurs’ skills and policy formulation and development of entrepreneurial networking.
Is Tourism a Gene Sector to Jordan’s Gdp? (Published)
Tourism in Jordan is a service industry with multiple outcomes. However, at present, it has not been fully utilized and developed to generate the expected income for Jordan’s GDP. Researchers have examined Jordan’s tourism and identified its economical outcomes and methods of enhancement. This study is intended to investigate the contribution of tourism on Jordan’s GDP. To approach the aim of the study, data used in the empirical analysis was collected from the Ministry of Tourism for the period 2006 -2014.Statistical techniques used were: means, variances, covariance, and standard deviations. Research results indicated positive and significant contribution of Jordanian Tourism Sectors on GDP.
TRUST AND GOODWILL AS DRIVERS OF SMALL ENTERPRISE SUCCESS: EVIDENCE FROM KENYAN SERVICE SECTOR INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL PERSPECTIVE (Published)
Entrepreneurial trust and goodwill play an important role in the success of Small and Micro enterprises. Wicks and Berman (2004) emphasized the important idea that trust is a costly governance mechanism, to be deployed only when necessary. They suggest that the greater the degree of interdependence between the parties to the exchange, the greater will be the need for trust. According to Yusuf (1995) the most critical factors contributing to business success consist of good management skills, access to financing, personal qualities, and satisfactory government support. Goodwill cannot be felt if it is an intangible asset which can be earned through a name or reputation of the organization (Claessens et al., 2000). Most entrepreneurial effective group and organization are those with the highest level of trust and norms. Goodwill from various stake holders like family, friends and other people contribute to entrepreneurial success. The main objective of the study was to examine Trust and goodwill as drivers of small enterprise success. The study utilized exploratory survey design. Specific objectives were: To assess the influence of trust on enterprise success and to examine the relationship of good will on enterprise success. Small and Micro business owners in the service industry were divided using simple random technique to obtain a sample size of 240 SMEs in the service sector drawn from a target population of 600 registered SMEs in the service sector, Eldoret Town, Uasin Gishu County. The study was guided by Relational Theory of Social Networks. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection. Data was sorted coded and analyzed using inferential statistics namely, Pearson’s product moment correlation, Chi-Square methods and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple regressions. The study found out that, there was a strong positive relationship between trust [r=.907], and good will [r=.833] on entrepreneurial success. This indicated that an increase in trust and goodwil will lead to greator entrepreneurial success.The study findings will contribute great to the academic debate.