The Relationship between Types of Misconceptions and Achievement in Genetics among Senior Secondary School Biology Students in Jos North LGA of Plateau State (Published)
This research work was aimed at finding out the relationship between types of misconceptions and achievement in genetics among senior secondary schools biology students’ in Jos-North Local Government Area of Plateau State. Correlation research as well as survey research designs were employed for this study. Three research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The research was analyzed using frequency counts, percentages, mean and standard deviation while the hypothesis was analyzed using Pearson’s r. The population of the study consisted of randomly selected biology teachers and students’ of Government Senior Secondary Schools in the area of study. Thus, a total of two hundred and ten (210) respondents’ were used. Two hundred students and ten teachers drown from ten schools served as sample for the study. Three instruments were used for data collection. Achievement Test in Genetics (ATG), Questionnaire on Types of Misconceptions (QTM) and Biology Teachers’ Questionnaire on Students’ Causes of Misconceptions in Genetics. Major findings from this research work revealed that, there is poor trend of students’ academic achievement in genetics test, students’ held vary form of misconceptions in genetics concepts and the most prevalent misconception found among the students’ was the vernacular misconception, abstractness (AC), was the major reason for students’ causes of misconceptions, and there is perfect negative relationship between students types of misconceptions and their achievement. Recommendations were made based on these findings. Some of these recommendations are; effective and evidence-informed pedagogic practices are clearly needed by all teachers, and students, to identify, overcome and eliminate misconceptions in the acquisition of accurate scientific knowledge, to promote effective and meaningful learning, teachers’ need to identify the causes of such misconceptions and find ways to rectify them. The Government on her part should brace up to her responsibility of providing adequate teaching aids and instructional materials to all her schools, which must be equally use by the biology teachers to stimulate students in learning genetics.
Preparing students for senior secondary school certificate examinations in Bayelsa State, Nigeria: How adequate are the available teachers in rural areas? (Published)
The study was on adequacy of teachers in secondary schools in rural areas to prepare students for Senior Secondary School Certificate Examinations (SSSCE) in Bayelsa State. Data was collected using the Infrastructure Availability Index (IAI) in terms of motorable roads, electricity supply, health facilities, educational facilities, portable drinking water, telecommunication and sanitation. Subjects offered in SSSCE were obtained from the Ministry of Education and school principals. The subjects offered and teacher/school ratio in the LGAs was used to ascertain the adequacy of quality teachers to prepare students for SSSCE. The findings showed that the mean average teacher ratio of 10 to a secondary school in rural LGAs was twice less than that of secondary schools in urban LGAs with 24. In addition, the rural secondary schools lacked adequacy of quality teachers to prepare students for the SSSCE. Thus, the performance of students in SSSCE in rural areas was affected and such students were deprived of the benefits of passing the SSSCE which will affect their employment and future academic opportunities and when seeking elective positions. The study therefore, recommended that government should ensure equitable distribution of adequate teachers in rural and urban secondary schools.
Literacy Intervention in Secondary Education: Experimenting With Community Participation in Upgrading Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (Published)
This is a report of an on-going project. It is a base-line survey. It captures the initial efforts of the researcher who leads a team of secondary school senior teachers as a volunteer in a community work that involves intervention for an upgrade in the school certificate examination of a group of Nigerian Senior Secondary Schools. This is to be done with a focus on the core subjects of English and Mathematics. This first stage of the report is like a sensitization campaign for fellow teachers and researchers keen on providing solution to the epileptic state of learning at the secondary education level. It is a clear position paper that takes Nigeria education system from where it was then to where it is now. Attempt is made to provide a brief but rich and clear historical background to the golden era of Nigerian literacy up to the period of a lacuna that sets in to cripple development in the education sector. It also reports how the community intervention is being conducted and the envisaged outcome
The Use of Visual Aids in the Teaching of the New Trade Subjects in Senior Secondary Schools in Ebonyi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State (Published)
Visual aids are any visible materials which the teacher uses to make his or her lesson clear, interesting and understandable. This study focused attention on the use of visual aids in the teaching of the new trade subjects in secondary schools. Five research questions were formulated and administered to the trade subject teachers in secondary schools in Ebonyi Local Government Area. On the whole, 50 trade subject teachers drawn from the selected secondary schools responded to the questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using percentage and frequencies. Te result from the analyzed data showed that: most vocational subject teachers use demonstration method as visual aids when teaching, only primitive and out dated visual aids are available in secondary schools. Most trade teachers do not use visual aids on a daily basis. Finance constitutes the greatest problems confronting the use of visual aids in Ebonyi Local Government Area. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made; vocational/trade teachers should use field trip as visual aid in teaching, ministry of education should provide adequate visual aids for teaching, government should provide funds etc.