Tag Archives: Semantics

Morphological and Word-formation instruction Processes Knowledge of EFL Learners (Published)

This study is set up to investigate the impact of the morphological and word-formation instruction processes on Saudi EFL students’ vocabulary knowledge. The New Vocabulary Level Test (NVLT) and the Morphological Awareness Test (MAT) were used to measure the extent of the words-formations process that can be received by Saudi EFL learners; and their ability to use these words-formations processes in a context appropriately. About two groups control and experimental (each had 20 female participants) from the first level, the descriptive analytical approach was used. The experimental group was taught using explicit word-formation processes theory, whereas the control had no specific paradigm. The results showed that it is beneficial to concentrate on word-formation processes instructions using explicit teaching methods in EFL classrooms to raise students’ morphological awareness and improve their vocabulary knowledge capacity. Therefore, the study revealed that using an explicit teaching method, especially for the Arab EFL learners’ classes can make a difference and should be added to the EFL classroom.

Keywords: Applied Linguistics, Morphology, Semantics, Vocabulary Knowledge, word-formation

The Acquisition of English Reflexives by Speakers of Mandarin Chinese (Published)

This study offers a perspective on the interpretation of reflexive pronouns in English by Mandarin Chinese native speakers. It assumes that English reflexives are locally bound and based on structural processing in accordance with Principle A of Chomsky’s (1981) Binding Theory. However, Mandarin also long-distance binding of subjects is licit when there is no conflict with the centre of perspective within the sentence. The Test involves native speakers of Mandarin Chinese to see if their intuitions about English reflexive pronouns are in accordance with UG and if their grammars show logophoric features.   

Keywords: Second Language Acquisition, Semantics, Syntax, logophors, reflexives

Investigating the Literary Components of Print Media: A Case of Punch and Guardian Newspapers (Published)

The paper investigates the literary components of print media with specific reference to Punch and Guardian Newspapers as case studies. It uses syntax and semantics components of the English language as units of inquiry. The paper starts by describing the history of the newspaper in Nigeria and conceptualizes the syntax and semantics components in media. Also, the review of the documentary evidence as secondary resources from journal articles, paper reports and books were utilised in gathering the information used in analysing the situation. The syntax of any language is governed by rules that are fairly stable and which, unlike the phonology, cuts across both horizontally and vertically among the users while semantics is the study of meaning.  The paper unravels the appropriate usage of syntax and semantics of English language to pass across messages to reader by removing the ambiguity, and minimizing errors when it comes to newspaper editorials.

Keywords: Editorials, Media, Newspaper, Semantics, Syntax

Meaning and Semantic Roles of Words in Context (Published)

It is quite imperative to note that meaning has a significant role to play in human communication. Consequent upon this fact, semantics as a field of study has become an issue of debate. Linguists are still in oblivion with regard to consensus on single and workable definition of semantics. This controversy has led to several unending attempts to define semantics. The emphasis of this study is centred on the semantic roles of words in a given context upholding extentionalist opinion as a background or theoretical framework. The theory states that language constitutes words put together in a context to enhance communication within those who live and share the linguistic bounds. In the light of the above, the study focuses basically on the roles words in communication in a given situation. Technical terms such as agent, theme, and instrument among others are for the benefit of analytical purposes. The study restates that every lexical word has meaning, but its social application has implication on our day to day communication.         

Keywords: Meaning, Semantic Roles., Semantics, Words