Tag Archives: Self-Motivation

Entrepreneurial Skills and Self Employment: A Theoretical Exposition (Published)

This paper was a theoretical exposition of relevant concepts in entrepreneurship literature. A qualitative research design was utilized in the study. In doing so, a thematic and theoretical approach was used in presenting the facts. Entrepreneurial skills were indexed to include: technical skills, business skills and personal entrepreneurial skills. Their relationships with self-employment as seen in the literature were analyzed. The influence of the mediators (psycho- social factors: self- motivation and social influence) were also analyzed. The paper revealed that the proxies of entrepreneurial skills and the mediators as espoused in the literature were closely knitted with enterprise creation. The study thus concluded that with adequate motivation and positive social influence, entrepreneurial skills acquisition will metamorphose to self employment.

Citation: Agogbua, S. N and Mgbatogu, C.D. (2022) Entrepreneurial Skills and Self Employment: A Theoretical Exposition, International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, Vol.10, No.5, pp.30-48

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Self-Motivation, Self-employment, social influence

Self Employment Motivation of National Youth Service Corp Members in Nigeria (Published)

The focus of this study was aimed at investigating effects of entrepreneurial skills acquisition on self-employment, as to redress the ills of unemployment in Nigeria. The study which was designed as a descriptive survey evaluated the mediating effects of psycho- social factors on the relationship between entrepreneurial skills acquisition and self-employment in Nigeria. Instrument for data collection was close ended questionnaire, which was designed with five options: strongly agree, agree, undecided, strongly disagree and disagree; in line with the five (5) points modified Likert scale. The instrument was tested for validity and reliability and found suitable for the study. The population of the study was Twenty-Two Thousand, Eight Hundred and Seventy Six (22,876), serving National Youth Corps members in South- East, Nigeria. Using Borg and Gall (1973) technique, sample size of Four Thousand, Four Hundred and Twelve (4412) was deduced, though the study was conducted using 4,400 copies of questionnaire that were received fully completed and usable. Data generated from the study were analyzed using descriptive statistics: tables, frequencies, percentages, graphs, pie charts and histograms. Five distinct hypotheses were formulated to guide the study, and were tested using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression inferential statistics, with the help of e-view, version 9. All tests were carried out at significance level of 0.05 and 10% degree of freedom (df). The study revealed that entrepreneurial skills variables: business skills, technical skills and personal entrepreneurial skills have significant positive effects on self-employment in Nigeria. The study also established that psycho- social factors (self- motivation and social influence) have significant positive effect on self-employment in Nigeria. The research concluded that with adequate effort in motivating the students and enhanced positive social influence, entrepreneurial skills acquisition will encourage nascent entrepreneurship activities and stimulate existing entrepreneurs to high performance. Hence the study recommended, among others that tertiary institutions and other entrepreneurial training centres should enrich their curriculum with business skills, technical skills, personal entrepreneurial skills, and also planned activities that will motivate students and provide positive social influence, to ensure that entrepreneurial skills acquisition generates enterprise creation  and reduce the problem of unemployment in Nigeria.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Self-Motivation, Self-employment, social influence

Entrepreneurial Skills and Self Employment: A Theoretical Exposition (Published)

This paper was a theoretical exposition of relevant concepts in entrepreneurship literature. A qualitative research design was utilized in the study. In doing so, a thematic and theoretical approach was used in presenting the facts. Entrepreneurial skills were indexed to include: technical skills, business skills and personal entrepreneurial skills. Their relationships with self-employment as seen in the literature were analyzed. The influence of the mediators (psycho- social factors: self- motivation and social influence) were also analyzed. The paper revealed that the proxies of entrepreneurial skills and the mediators as espoused in the literature were closely knitted with enterprise creation. The study thus concluded that with adequate motivation and positive social influence, entrepreneurial skills acquisition will metamorphose to self-employment.

Citation: Agogbua, S. N.  and  Mgbatogu, C. D. (2022) Entrepreneurial Skills and Self Employment: A Theoretical Exposition, International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research, Vol.10, No.2, pp.,16-35

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Self-Motivation, Self-employment, social influence

Do Family Supports and Self-Motivation Influence Students’ Results in Learning English (Published)

Family is a smallest unit that influences children growth from baby until teenager consisting of parents and siblings. A family usually supports their education in order to reach their dream and have their best future later. Therefore, family supports are believed to be one factors that influence the students’ result in learning. In Bangladesh, positive home factors such as parents’ involvement, encouragement, and their positive attitude toward English language, in general, influence adolescent L2 learners positively (Rahman, 2015). Students not only need learning facilities but also need proper guidance to increase their study results. Communication is a more important factor in improving students’ performance. Thus, the factors that influence students’ learning results are communication, learning facilities, proper guidance and family stress that are based on statistical analysis (Mushtaq and Khan, 2012). This study aimed to find some factors of family supports that influence students’ results in learning English as their foreign language. There were 224 students that are evaluated by giving reading test and questionnaire. The results of test and questionnaire were analyzed using statistical analysis that is Anova to find out whether family supports influence students’ results in learning English. The results from the questionnaire showed most students like English subject, get motivation in learning English by communicating with foreigners, start learning English at fourth grade of elementary school, learn English from movie and internet as well as get information about the importance of English in working world from their parents. The result of regression analysis showed some factors of family supports in this study do not influence students’ results in learning English. Therefore, family supports cannot be the only criterion of someone who masters English successfully.

Keywords: English Learning, Family Supports, Influence, Self-Motivation, Students’ Results