Coping Behaviour among Retirees in Anambra State: Influence of Self-Esteem and Locus of Control (Published)
The study focused on locus-of-control and self-esteem vis-à-vis retirees’ coping behaviour in Anambra State, Nigeria. The study used Ways of Coping Checklist, Index of Self-Esteem, and Nowicki-Strictland Locus-of-Control Scale; cross-sectional factorial designs; two-way ANOVA statistics, random and snow-balling samplings, 56 retirees (26 males/30 females), 60-81 years retirees’ age-range and SD=1.98. Results: Self-esteem and Locus-of-control respectively had no significant influence on the retirees’ general coping behaviour in Anambra State, Nigeria; Self-esteem and locus-of-control combined had no significant influence on the retirees’ general coping systems; Self-esteem and Locus-of-control respectively significantly influenced only the retirees’ “avoidance coping” system; Self-esteem, locus-of-control, and their combined effects contributed 98%, 98%, and 90% respectively to retirees’ “avoidance coping” system; finally, Self-esteem and Locus-of-control respectively did not significantly influence retirees’ “problem-focused coping”, “social-support seeking coping”, “self-blame coping”, and “wishful-thinking coping” elements of coping system. Recommendations: Effective coping with retirement should involve improved self-esteem, and constructive/positive locus-of-control of retirees.
Influence of Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy on Students’ Perception of Counselling in Secondary Schools in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
Self-esteem and self-efficacy are two psychological constructs which enable people in general to assess their qualities or abilities to perform some tasks in comparison to others. They bestow confidence to people and influence our belief and behaviour. Hence, this cvorrelational study investigated the influence of self-esteem and self-efficacy on counselling perception among students. A sample of 614 students was composed from a population of 4792 senior secondary school students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria using a combination of simple random sampling technique and proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The instrument for data collection is Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy and Counselling Perception Scale. The instrument validated through the assistance of three experts in Counselling Psychology has reliability coefficients obtained through Cronbach alpha technique in the range of 0.69-0.72. The results of the study show that self-esteem and self-efficacy each has negative and significant influence on students’ counselling perception. Based on the finding, it was therefore recommended that students irrespective of their level of self-esteem and self-efficacy should have positive perception about counselling.
Organisational Identification and Employee Performance in Selected Commercial Banks in Delta State (Published)
In the present unpredictable and volatile Nigerian business environment, inadequate prestige, self-esteem and incongruent values of employees in the selected commercial banks in Delta State has made attaining effective performance a major problem. The broad objective of the study was to determine the relationship that exists between organisational identification and employee performance in selected commercial banks in Delta State. The study was anchored on social identity theory. Descriptive survey research design was employed for the study. The population of the study was 204 consisting of employees of the selected banks and complete enumeration was used for the sample size Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used in testing the hypothesis. Findings of the study revealed that evaluative Identification (group self-esteem) has a significant positive relationship with Organisational Citizenship Behaviour. The study therefore concluded that organisational identification plays an important role on the level of performance employees put into their work. It was recommended that management of the studied banks should make deliberate policies and put machineries in place to build the sense of prestige, pride and self-esteem of the employees from being members of the organisation as this would elicit extra role behaviour from the employees and the organisation would be better for it.
Magnitude to which selected predictors contribute to alcohol and cigarette use among male students of public day secondary schools in Daura municipal, Kastina state (Published)
The increase in alcohol and cigarettes use among young people than any population strata is of great concern. The use of alcohol that began in African traditional society as an activity for political, religious, cultural and social relations has evolved over time into a problem of dependence and addiction. Despite concerted prevention efforts, studies have been conducted to unravel etiological complexities of this drugs use problem. This study sought to examine the extent to which the family predictors, peer-group influence, exposure to pro-alcohol and cigarette mass media content and level of self-esteem contribute to the use of alcohol and cigarettes among male students in public day secondary schools in Dauru municipality, Kastina. To achieve this purpose, ex post factor research design was used and independent variables were studied retrospectively. Multistage cluster, probability proportionate to size and purposive sampling methods were used to select the participating schools and respondents. A sample size of 327 students was selected from total population of 2279 from nine sampled schools. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data on students ‘demographic and background characteristics, level of self-reported alcohol and cigarettes use and social influence [ parents, siblings’ and peers and exposure to pro-alcohol and cigarettes mass media content ] that promote use of these drugs. Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to measure respondents ‘self-esteem. Data was analyzed by used of frequencies, percentages, cross-tabulation, chi-square and logical regression. SPSS version 15.0 computer program was used to aid in data analysis. The study established that peer-group influence had the greatest contribution to high alcohol and cigarettes use, followed by family predictors accounted for 44% of high alcohol and cigarettes use collectively. These findings may be useful in prioritizing targets for prevention and intervention programs.
Self-Esteem, Locus of Control and Students’ Academic Underachievement in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated the relationship between self-esteem, locus of control and academic underachievement among some secondary school adolescents. The study was carried out in Rivers State secondary schools. Purposive sampling techniques were used to draw a sample of 240 students identified as underachievers. Bakare’s (1977) progressive matrices adopted from Uwazurike (2008) was used to identify students with high mental ability while Basic Education Certificate Examination results of 2016 which is a cumulative record of examination and continuous assessment scores of the students’ three years in school, was used as a measure of students’ academic ability. Based on the attained mental ability performance and academic achievement of the students, the academic underachievers were identified. The various independent variables of the study were measured with a questionnaire whose reliabilities were statistically determined with Cronbach Alpha and reliability coefficients ranging from 0.51 to 0.74. The research questions were answered with mean and Pearson product moment correlation (r) while the null hypotheses were tested with special Z to determine the significance of r. It was found out that there was a very low relationship between self-esteem, internal locus of control, external locus of control and academic underachievement which showed no statistical significance. Based on the findings, three relevant recommendations were made.
The study aimed to explore the students’ body image and its relation with self-esteem. The study sample consisted of 300 students (148 males and 152 females). In order to collect data, two instruments were used: Body image scale (28 items) and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (10 items). SPSS was used to analyze the data; means, standard derivations, and t-test were used. The results indicated that the Body Image and Self-Esteem of Isra’ University students were low; there was a positive relationship between body image and self-esteem; females were found to be less satisfied with their body image, and there was a significant statistical difference in the relationship between body image and self-esteem, in favour of males.
The purpose of this study was to establish the self esteem of adolescents in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya and to determine the relationship between self esteem and career variables. A sample of 369 secondary school students were surveyed on career self esteem, career maturity and career locus of control. The current study found that female students scored significantly higher on self esteem and internal locus of control than male students and that male students scored significantly higher on external locus of control. Self esteem was found to be positively correlated to career maturity and internal locus of control and negatively correlated to external locus of control. Using linear regression analyses, self esteem was found to be a significant predictor of career maturity, internal locus of control and external locus of control. Self esteem only accounted for 2% of variance in career maturity, internal locus of control and external locus of control. The results demonstrate that self esteem has a significant role to play in adolescents’ career development.
Parents’ Ethnic Socialization Practices in Shaping Ethnic Identity and Self-Esteem of Children in Malaysia (Published)
Parents’ Ethnic Socialization practices play important role in shaping their children’s ethnic identity and is also important for other developmental and behavioral outcomes such as self-esteem, and academic achievement. The present study examined the role of parents’ ethnic socialization practices in shaping ethnic identity and self-esteem of children. A total of 342 children (ages ranging from 10-14 years old) participated in the present study. The modified version of Multi group Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM), The Familial Ethnic Socialization Measure (FESM) and The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) were used in this study. The results showed that: i) parents’ ethnic socialization practices were strong predictor of ethnic identity development and self-esteem of the children; iii) the children with a greater ethnic identity exploration exhibited higher self-esteem. The results of this study showed the implications for parents’ ethnic socialization practices in successful multi ethnic families for better child development outcomes.