Tag Archives: Self-Efficacy

Influence of Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy on Students’ Perception of Counselling in Secondary Schools in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

Self-esteem and self-efficacy are two psychological constructs which enable people in general to assess their qualities or abilities to perform some tasks in comparison to others. They bestow confidence to people and influence our belief and behaviour. Hence, this cvorrelational study investigated the influence of self-esteem and self-efficacy on counselling perception among students. A sample of 614 students was composed from a population of 4792 senior secondary school students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria using a combination of simple random sampling technique and proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The instrument for data collection is Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy and Counselling Perception Scale. The instrument validated through the assistance of three experts in Counselling Psychology has reliability coefficients obtained through Cronbach alpha technique in the range of 0.69-0.72. The results of the study show that self-esteem and self-efficacy each has negative and significant influence on students’ counselling perception. Based on the finding, it was therefore recommended that students irrespective of their level of self-esteem and self-efficacy should have positive perception about counselling.

 

Keywords: Beliefs, Self-Efficacy, counselling perception, narcissism, opinions, self-esteem, self-evaluation, self-worth

The Effectiveness Of Sociodrama Techniques in Improving Self Concept and Self Efficacy On Students Sma Negeri 2 Bantul (Published)

The purpose of this research was to know the effectiveness of sociodrama technique in improving self concept and self efficacy of student in SMA Negeri 2 Bantul.This research type is experiment. The design used in this research was pre-test and post-test design. The subjects in this study were 27 students of class XI IPA 2. The instrument in this research was self concept scale called TSCS consisting of 84 item statements and self efficacy scale consisting of 26 item statement. Technique of data analysis in this research used t tests formula for significance level 0.05.The results showed that sociodrama technique was effective to improve self concept and self efficacy of students. Self concept and self efficacy of students increased in the “high” category. There was a difference in the end result of control class and experiment class after obtaining group guidance of sosiodrama technique with p (p-value) or sig> 0.05, then H0 was accepted.

 

Keywords: : Experiment, Self-Concept, Self-Efficacy, Sociodrama, guidance and counseling

Selected psychosocial predictors of treatment adherence among Individuals with Chronic Mechanical Low Back Pain (Published)

One of the most challenging problems facing health care professionals globally is patients’ non-adherence to treatment programs. This study therefore investigated the role of anxiety, depression, self-efficacy and social support on treatment adherence.Ninety-two purposively selected individuals diagnosed with mechanical low back pain (mean age =37.45 ± 5.48) participated in this cross-sectional survey. A 95-item battery of scales (questionnaire) was used in measuring participants’ bio-data, level of anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, social support, pain self-efficacy and treatment adherence. Descriptive (means; SD; and %) and inferential (multiple regression and ANOVA) statistics were employed in analysis, with three hypotheses tested at p<0.05. Anxiety, depression, self-efficacy and social support jointly predicted cognition (R=.57; R2=.33;F(4,87)=10.64; p<.01), behavioral  (R = .29; R2 =.08; F (4,87) = 1.97; p<.05) and therapy satisfaction (R = .29; R2 =.08; F (4,87) = 1.94;p<.05) domains of treatment adherence.  Self-efficacy independently predicted behavioral (β=.59) and therapy satisfaction (β=.25) domains of treatment adherence (β=.25). Self-efficacy, social support, anxiety and depression are jointly pertinent in forecasting the cognition, treatment satisfaction and behavioural domains of treatment adherence among low back pain patients. Attention to these psychological factors would be needful in the management of treatment adherence among patients with low back pain

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Self-Efficacy, Social Support, Treatment adherence, low back pain

Early Childhood Teachers’ Characteristics and Self-Efficacy Variances: The Case of Kindergarten Teachers in Central Region, Ghana (Published)

The focus of the study was to examine the self-efficacy variances of kindergarten teachers based on their background characteristics in Central Region, Ghana. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was employed. Data were gathered from 1413 KG teachers using a questionnaire adapted from the Ohio Teachers Efficacy Scale. The teachers were randomly selected from ten districts in the Central Region of Ghana. Data were analysed using MANOVA. It came to light that statistically significant differences exist between urban and rural teachers (p =.010); young, middle aged and old teachers (p = .000); professional and non professional teachers (p = .018); novice, experienced and more experienced teachers’ (p = .000) level of combined self-efficacy. However, there was no difference in male and female teachers’ self-efficacy. It was recommended heads of schools should develop peer assessment and mentoring models for teachers to facilitate interaction between less experienced and young KG teachers and the older and more experienced ones; qualified teachers should be posted to teach in kindergartens.

Keywords: Early Childhood, Kindergarten, Self-Efficacy

Measuring the Self-Efficacy of EFL Teachers in Elementary Governmental Schools in Kuwait: Exploring Years of Teaching Experience (Published)

Teachers’ self-efficacy has been identified as an important concept that not only influences the way in which teachers teach, but also students’ learning outcomes. A review of the current literature shows that EFL teachers’ self-efficacy is influenced by many factors, including teaching strategies, professional development training, active mastery experience, teachers’ practical knowledge and language proficiency, as well as the length of teaching experience. The last factor is relevant to the current study. There have been inconclusive findings regarding the effect of years of teaching; while some studies have reported a positive relationship between years of teaching experience and self-efficacy, other studies have reported the opposite. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the effect of this factor on EFL teachers’ self-efficacy in terms of classroom management, students’ engagement and instructional strategies. The study was conducted with 200 EFL female teachers in governmental elementary schools in Kuwait. Data were collected through online surveys and quantitatively analysed using SPSS. The findings suggest that there were no statistically significant differences (at 0.05 level) between the means in the study sample in terms of self-efficacy in student engagement, classroom management and instructional strategies in relation to the years of teaching experience variable. Based on these findings, it is argued that teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs may remain stable once they are formed. Therefore, there is a need for teacher training courses that raise teachers’ awareness of the importance of their self-efficacy.

Keywords: EFL Teachers, Governmental Schools, Kuwait, Self-Efficacy, Teaching Experience

The Effectiveness of Sociodrama Techniques in Improving Self-Concept and Self-Efficacy on Students Sma Negeri 2 Bantul (Published)

The purpose of this research was to know the effectiveness of sociodrama technique in improving self concept and self efficacy of student in SMA Negeri 2 Bantul. This research type is experiment. The design used in this research was pre-test and post-test design. The subjects in this study were 27 students of class XI IPA 2. The instrument in this research was self concept scale called TSCS consisting of 84 item statements and self efficacy scale consisting of 26 item statement. Technique of data analysis in this research used t tests formula for significance level 0.05. The results showed that sociodrama technique was effective to improve self concept and self efficacy of students. Self concept and self efficacy of students increased in the “high” category. There was a difference in the end result of pre-test and post-test after obtaining group guidance of sosiodrama technique with p (p-value) or sig> 0.05, then H0 was accepted.

Keywords: : Experiment, Guidance, Self-Concept, Self-Efficacy, Sociodrama, counseling

Using CRT-Based Forums to Develop Self-Efficacy of Secondary EFL Teachers’ In Kuwait (Published)

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of critical reflective thinking (CRT)-based forums in developing EFL teachers’ self-efficacy in Kuwait. Subsidiary aims of the study include: ascertaining EFL teachers’ perceptions of their own teaching skills and motivation strategies both before and after CRT-based forums implementation. The quasi-experimental research design was seen to be the most appropriate for fulfilling the aims of the study. Data were collected over two phases. At the pre-intervention phase data were collected via two instruments. These were (1) Self-Efficacy Scale for Teaching Skills (SESTS) and (2) Self-Efficacy Scale for Motivation Strategies (SESMS).  To assess the impact of CRT-based forums at the post-intervention phase, participants were asked to respond to the same scales in addition to a self-reflection form that asked them to articulate their reactions and assessments of the professional development experience they participated in. Participants’ responses to both scales were analyzed quantitatively whereas their responses to the self-reflection form were analyzed qualitatively. The study participants were 93 female secondary school EFL teachers in Kuwait. They belonged to fairly common academic, social and cultural backgrounds. The CRT-based forums addressed thinking maps as a teaching learning strategy that could be successfully implemented in EFL contexts. Analysis of data indicated a positive impact of the CRT-based forums on developing female secondary school EFL teachers’ self-efficacy as for their own language teaching skills and motivation strategies. Findings of the study were discussed and a set of implications and recommendations were highlighted. 

Keywords: Critical-Reflective Thinking (CRT), Language Teaching Skills, Motivation Strategies, Self-Efficacy, Thinking Maps

Predictors of Students’ Attitude towards Mathematics In Obio-Akpor Local Government Area Of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated predictors of students’ attitude towards mathematics in Obio-Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted a correlational design. A sample of 350 senior secondary students was drawn from the population through stratified proportionate random sampling technique. The four instruments used for data collection were Mathematics Self-concept Questionnaire (MSCQ), Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES), Teachers Competency Questionnaire (TCQ) and Attitude Towards Mathematics Inventory (ATMI) which were validated by experts in measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficients of MSCQ, MSES, TCQ and ATMI were 0.75, 0.87, 0.80 and 0.85 respectively which were determined through Cronbach alpha technique for internal consistency of the instruments. Linear regression analysis was used to answer the research question while the t-test associated with the regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The results revealed that mathematics self-concept, mathematics self-efficacy and teachers’ competency significantly predicted students’ attitude towards mathematics. These results and their implications were discussed. Among other things, it was recommended that teachers and counsellors should enlighten the students more on mathematics self-concept and self-efficacy which will guide them in having positive attitude towards mathematics. Also mathematics teachers should continue to practice the use of different approaches and techniques in the teaching of mathematics concepts and principles

Keywords: Self-Concept, Self-Efficacy, Students’ attitude, teachers’ competencies and Mathematics

Using CRT-Based Forums to Develop Self-Efficacy of Secondary EFL Teachers’ In Kuwait (Published)

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of critical reflective thinking (CRT)-based forums in developing EFL teachers’ self-efficacy in Kuwait. Subsidiary aims of the study include: ascertaining EFL teachers’ perceptions of their own teaching skills and motivation strategies both before and after CRT-based forums implementation. The quasi-experimental research design was seen to be the most appropriate for fulfilling the aims of the study. Data were collected over two phases. At the pre-intervention phase data were collected via two instruments. These were (1) Self-Efficacy Scale for Teaching Skills (SESTS) and (2) Self-Efficacy Scale for Motivation Strategies (SESMS).  To assess the impact of CRT-based forums at the post-intervention phase, participants were asked to respond to the same scales in addition to a self-reflection form that asked them to articulate their reactions and assessments of the professional development experience they participated in. Participants’ responses to both scales were analyzed quantitatively whereas their responses to the self-reflection form were analyzed qualitatively. The study participants were 93 female secondary school EFL teachers in Kuwait. They belonged to fairly common academic, social and cultural backgrounds. The CRT-based forums addressed thinking maps as a teaching learning strategy that could be successfully implemented in EFL contexts. Analysis of data indicated a positive impact of the CRT-based forums on developing female secondary school EFL teachers’ self-efficacy as for their own language teaching skills and motivation strategies. Findings of the study were discussed and a set of implications and recommendations were highlighted. 

Keywords: Critical-Reflective Thinking (CRT), Language Teaching Skills, Motivation Strategies, Self-Efficacy, Thinking Maps

Reflective Counselling Technique and Emotional Intelligence Training in Managing Expressed Performance-Anxiety of Trainee Counsellors in South-South Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated effects of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy training in enhancing counselling efficacy of undergraduate counselling practicum trainees in South-East Nigeria. The study adopted pre-test-post-test, control group quasi-experimental design with a 3x2x2 factorial matrix. Simple random sampling technique was used to select ninety (90) Guidance and Counselling practicum undergraduates from three tertiary institutions in South-East Nigeria. The participants were randomly assigned to groups. Participants in the two treatment groups were exposed to eight weeks of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy training.  One instrument was used:  The Counsellor Activity Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES) (α= 0.97). Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were analysed using Analysis of Covariance. There was a significant main effect of treatment on counselling efficacy scores of undergraduate counselling practicum trainees F(2,58)=55.140, P<0.05. Also, there was significant main effect of age on counselling efficacy scores of undergraduate counselling practicum trainees exposed to treatments (F (1,77) = 3.651, P < .05). However, there was no significant main effect of gender on counselling efficacy scores of undergraduate counselling practicum trainees exposed to treatment (F(1,77) = 0.741, P > .05). Emotional intelligence and self-efficacy training were effective in enhancing counselling efficacy of undergraduate counselling practicum trainees. Undergraduate counselling practicum trainees should be exposed to psychological intervention programmes such as emotional intelligence and self-efficacy training that would help enhance their counselling efficacy competence and capability to effectively dispense their professional service to humanity.

Keywords: Counselling Efficacy, Emotional Intelligence, Practicum Trainee, Self-Efficacy, Undergraduates, and South-East.

THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL NETWORKING, EDUCATION, AND SELF-EFFICACY ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING: A CASE STUDY ON SMALL-SCALED EMBROIDERY INDUSTRIES IN PROBOLINGGO (Published)

There are a few researches linking to social networking, education, self-efficacy, entrepreneurship and subjective well-being (SWB). Previous researches related to economic relations and SWB, especially to compare the SWB between countries. Different from the theese, this research is more comprehensive in discussing entrepreneurship. This research was intended to analyze the effects of social networking, education, and self-efficacy on entrepreneurship and subjective well-being of small-scaled embroidery industries in Probolinggo. The samples of this research consisted of 130 out of 150 embroidery entrepreneurs in Probolinggo. As means of data collection, the researchers applied survey method by asking questionnaire to the respondents (entrepreneurs at Probolinggo embroidery industries center). The questionnaire used in this research had been passed validity and reliability test to assure the questionnaire was valid and reliable. Meanwhile, data analysis process was conducted based on Partial Least Square (PLS) technique. The findings of this research indicated that: 1) embroidery entrepreneurs’ social networking significantly affected their entrepreneurship; 2) their education did not significantly affect their entrepreneurship; 3) their self-efficacy significantly affected their entrepreneurship; 4) social networking significantly affected their subjective well-being; 5) their education did not significantly affect their subjective well-being; 6) self-efficacy significantly affected their subjective well-being; 7) entrepreneurship of the entrepreneurs at Probolinggo embroidery industries center significantly affected their subjective well-being.

Keywords: Education, Entrepreneurship, Self-Efficacy, Social Networking, Subjective Well-being

WHAT IT MEANS TO WORK HARD FOR CAREER PROGRESSION: A STUDY OF CORPORATE MANAGERS IN GHANA (Published)

Managerial career success is largely a function of two important career experiences: human capital, including hard work, and organizational support sponsorship. Whereas attracting and obtaining sponsorship reflects a more political explanation for career success, hard work represents a merit based and psychological explanation. However, little attention has been given to research that explores internally generated facets and psychological factors of hard work which facilitate career success. Using qualitative approach, this study was therefore conducted to explore managers’ conceptualization of hard work for career progression and success. Fifty-eight managers drawn from twelve public and private organizations in Ghana completed an open ended questionnaire on what it means to work hard for their career progression. Thematic content analysis of the data showed that four main themes underlie hard work for career progression: motivation and goal/achievement orientation; work capability/efficacy; work commitment/perseverance; and investing maximum input/extra effort. Findings are discussed within the frameworks of career achievement motivation, goal setting, self-efficacy and self-regulation theories.

Keywords: : Human Capital, Career Development, Ghana, Self-Efficacy, self-development, self-regulation

PRIMARY HEALTH CARE EXPECTATIONS AND REALITY OF BANGLADESH: A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SELECTED TWO RURAL AREAS (Published)

Health care sector in Bangladesh is very essential sector. Health is wealth without health care development the quality of our life style is impossible. Our national economic and social development depends on health care sector. There are large amount of people living at the rural area. But they have little access to health care services. Health care service in Bangladesh is problematic and complex into different dimensions. Most of the people are increasingly impatient with the inability of health services to deliver national coverage that meet stated demands and changing needs, failure to provide services that correspond to their expectations. Some people disagree with health care system need to respond better faster to the challenges of new changing. This research deals with the expectations and reality of primary health care in Bangladesh and focuses on different Government and NGOs health care situation in rural areas.

Keywords: Health Care, Religious Beliefs, Rural treatment, Self-Efficacy, Traditional Medicine

The Relationships among Senior High School Teacher Perceptions on Professional Learning Community, Self-efficacy, School Type, and Gender (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study investigated the relationships between teacher’s professional learning community (PLC), self-efficacy (SE), school type, and gender. Descriptive statistics, t-test, product-moment correlation, and multiple regression analysis were applied to analyze the data. The findings indicated that a significant difference was found between public school teachers and private school teachers in two PLC dimensions, core element and human and social resources, and in one SE dimesnion, classroom management. Another significant differences were found between male teachers and female teachers in three SE dimensions, teaching strategy, classroom management, and student involvement. However, no significant differences was found between both in PLC dimesnions. Moreover, perceived PLC and SE were positive correlated. Perceived PLC could predict perceived SE. These results suggested that PLC appears to play a role in teachers’ reported levels of SE and provided initial evidence that the variation between schools in PLC may be explained by the SE.

Keywords: Gender, Professional Learning Community, School Type, Self-Efficacy, Senior High School Teacher

PREDICTING PROBLEM SOLVING ABILITY FROM METACOGNITION AND SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS ON A CROSS VALIDATED SAMPLE (Published)

Grounded in social cognitive theory of self-efficacy and self-regulation, this study examined the influence of metacognition and self-efficacy beliefs on genetics problem solving ability among high school students in Kenya using a quasi-experimental research design. The study was conducted in Western Province, Kenya. A total of 2,138 high school students were purposively sampled. Data were collected using a Self-efficacy questionnaire, a biology ability test, a genetics problem solving test, and metacognitive prompting questionnaire. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, correlations, and multiple regressions. The hypothesized regression model was tested for its stability through cross-validation. Findings revealed that metacognition and self-efficacy significantly predicted genetics problem-solving ability. Furthermore, self-efficacy moderated the relationship between metacognition and genetics problem-solving ability. This study established a foundation for instructional methods for biology teachers and recommendations are made for implementing metacognitive prompting in a problem-based learning environment in high schools and science teacher education programs in Kenya.

Keywords: Metacognition. Problem solving, Prompting, Self-Efficacy

Predicting Problem Solving Ability from Metacognition and Self-efficacy Beliefs on a Cross Validated Sample (Review Completed - Accepted)

Grounded in social cognitive theory of self-efficacy and self-regulation, this study examined the influence of metacognition and self-efficacy beliefs on genetics problem solving ability among high school students in Kenya using a quasi-experimental research design. The study was conducted in Western Province, Kenya. A total of 2,138 high school students were purposively sampled. Data were collected using a Self-efficacy questionnaire, a biology ability test, a genetics problem solving test, and metacognitive prompting questionnaire. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, correlations, and multiple regressions. The hypothesized regression model was tested for its stability through cross-validation. Findings revealed that metacognition and self-efficacy significantly predicted genetics problem-solving ability. Furthermore, self-efficacy moderated the relationship between metacognition and genetics problem-solving ability. This study established a foundation for instructional methods for biology teachers and recommendations are made for implementing metacognitive prompting in a problem-based learning environment in high schools and science teacher education programs in Kenya

Keywords: Metacognition. Problem solving, Prompting, Self-Efficacy

Learning, Self –Efficacy and Student Course Experience: Focus on Higher Education (Published)

This study is based on the research conducted at the Higher Institution. Every country in the world want to flourished economically, peacefully, educationally, socially, politically and after all a healthy educated population. The main purpose of this study is to seek academic understanding of the pivotal role which learning, self efficacy and student course experience play in accessing, learning, understanding student own perspective in viewing learning environment and courses in Higher Education field. This current study is based on quantitative analysis methodology. Research method used was cross sectional research method. Participants in this study were second year University of the Free State students (all participants were psychology students). Twenty five participants were invited on their availability (availability sample). Six male students and nineteen female students participated. The average age of the male participants was 24.3, whilst the female was 21.2. The value of this research is that it is multidisciplinary, and takes into account the plight of the student population learning experience and their psychological well-being “self efficacy” into consideration. A positive result concerning student perspective was positive it shall be reflected and discussed in detailed in the section of results and discussion in this same paper

Keywords: Higher Education, Learning, Self-Efficacy, Student Experience