Effect of Self-Instruction Technique on Secondary School Students’ Low Self-Esteem in Orlu Education Zone, Imo State (Published)
Self-esteem is the basis for all motivated behaviour through interaction with the environment for students, especially those in the secondary schools. This study investigated the effect of self-instruction technique on secondary school students’ low self-esteem in Orlu Education Zone, Imo state. The study is a quasi-experimental research which adopted a pre-test, post-test, control research design. One research question guided the study while one null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. A sample size of 110 SS 1 secondary school students were purposively sampled from two highest determined schools with students identified with low self-esteem. The instrument for data collection was Index of Self-esteem which was developed by Hudson in 1982 but revalidated and used in Nigeria by Onighaiye (1996). The data collected was analyzed using mean scores for the research question while ANCOVA was used in testing the null hypothesis. The mean score norm of 31.47 for students provided in the instrument’s manual guided the decision. The findings of the study revealed among others that self-instruction technique was effective in enhancing the students’ low self-esteem. Based on the findings and implications of the study, the researcher recommends that programmes on self-instruction technique and self-esteem enhancement designed by counselling psychologists and sponsored by non-governmental organizations and the government should be encouraged to enhance students’ low self-esteem.
Characteristics of English Teachers as Motivative Factor on Reading Performance among Private and Public Secondary Schools in Kano Metropolise (Published)
This study examined the relationship among English Teachers’ academic qualification. Professional qualification, their content knowledge and work value. English Teachers’ attendance and job satisfaction on academic performance of secondary school students in private and public secondary schools in Kano metropolis. The study adopted a descriptive research design of correlation type. The secondary school English Teachers in private and public secondary schools in Kano metropolis were selected using multi-stage sampling technique and 342 teachers were selected at random using balloting for the study. Out of 2456 teachers teaching in the Kano metropolis. Questionnaire termed English Teachers’ Characteristics on Reading Performance Questionnaire (ETCRPQ). Two research questions and hypotheses were answered in the study. Based on the results of this study, the following findings were arrived at; English Teachers’ variables in general influence student’s reading performance in a number of ways in private and public schools. Based on the findings of study the following recommendations are proposed to relevant educational authorities and other stakeholders in education: English Teachers variables should be considered in the recruitment of staff in the senior secondary schools. The ministry of Education should organize regular professional development programmes for English Teachers.
Study Habits and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Rivers-West Senatorial District of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated Study Habits and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Rivers-West Senatorial District of Rivers State, Nigeria. The population of the study is 2,650 Senior Secondary Two (S.S.2) students in selected public schools in the Rivers-West Senatorial District. The sample size is 437 which was chosen through Taro Yemeni’s sample size selection formula. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire which dwelt on the extent of relationship between aspects of study habit such as regular reading, students-teacher consultation, regular involvement in doing class assignments, regular library patronage and regular engagement in doing take-home assignments and academic performance. Five research questions guided the study and were analysed using mean statistical tool. The findings revealed that there is high extent of relationship between study habit and academic performance. Consequently, recommendations were made which include: parents should provide books and encourage their wards to study hard; counselors should be employed to counsel students on how to develop study habit; students should be encouraged to do their class and take-home assignments.
Managing Study Habits and its Impact on Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Nigeria (Published)
How a student takes his or her studies, greatly determines his/her level of academic achievements. The level of preparation and learning strategies developed and employed consciously by students, go a long way to influence their level of academic performance
This study aims to investigate secondary school students’ attitudes in Saudi Arabia towards science. Questionnaire of 24 items was developed considering a variety of attitudes toward science instruments, and then administrated to a sample of 150 secondary school students (78 males & 72 females). The findings indicated that secondary school students in Saudi Arabia have positive attitudes towards science. At the meantime, the results showed that there was no significant difference in attitudes towards science between males and females. These findings are discussed in the context of science teaching and research. In addition, the results suggest that further research is required to explore how Saudi students’ positive attitudes towards science can be used to improve their performance in science.
Simulation Approach of Developing the Concept of Simultaneous Equations to Secondary School Students (Published)
This paper raised observations concerning the identified gap between the way secondary school teachers teach word problems involving simultaneous equations and best practices in mathematics teaching. The method of teaching the topic by teachers using the algorithm approach with the methods of substitution and elimination was found to be insufficient, and may not allow students to excel. Alternative approach of simulation was used on type A and type B word problems leading to simultaneous equations. The three stages of cognitive development of the learner which are categorised as the enactive, the iconic and the symbolic were presented with specific examples. Based on the conclusions of the paper the simulation approach of teaching word problems leading to simultaneous equations was recommended to secondary school teachers.
Teaching Metacognitive Skills for the Promotion of Self-Regulated Learning among Secondary School Students in Nigeria (Published)
The dwindling good performances of students in both private and public examinations call for a serious concern among every individual especially the stakeholders in the education sector. More worrisome is the yearly poor performances of students in public examinations in all subjects. The remedy for this situation is by employing the metacognitive skills. The students need to be taught the metacognitive skills to help them regulate their learning. Metacognition is higher order level of thinking that aids learning. The three skills involved in metacognition: planning, monitoring and evaluation when effectively taught will in no small measure promote self-regulated learning that will enhance students’ performances in all examination. It is against this backdrop that this study is carried out to highlight the importance of teaching metacognitive skills to promote self-regulated learning among secondary school students in Nigeria.
ATTITUDE TOWARDS CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION AMONG SOME SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
Just like any other aspect of health education and promotion, the attitude of the community to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) will largely determine how they can benefit from it. This cross-sectional study aimed at assessing the attitude towards Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation among secondary school students in our community. The population for the study was the students in Senior Secondary School I and II in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Four hundred (400) students were purposively drawn from four secondary schools in the area and served copies of a validated questionnaire while 372 properly filled ones were returned, giving a response rate of 93%. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS17.0). The findings revealed that 98.8% exhibited positive attitude towards learning CPR among others. It was concluded that this can form a strong basis to introduce the teaching of CPR in their school curriculum so as to prepare them to be effective bystanders in situations of emergency needing CPR.
ADOLESCENTS’ KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS REGULAR HEALTHCARE AS A WAY OF IMPROVING HIV/STD TESTING AND TREATMENT (Review Completed - Accepted)
This study examined theadolescents’ knowledge and attitude towards regular healthcare as a way of improving HIV/STDs testing and treatment among secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria. This study employed the descriptive research design type. Two hundred and twenty participants selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling technique were used for the study. One main instrument was used in collecting data. Data was analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and T-test. Results showed a significant relationship between students’ knowledge and attitude to regular healthcare on the testing and treatment of HIV/STDs (r = .167, N= 220, P < .05). Also, a significant difference in the knowledge (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 3.065, DF = 218, P < .05) while no significant difference was found in the attitude (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 1.096, df = 218, P < .05) of regular healthcare as a factor in the testing and treatment of HIV/ STDs among private and public secondary schools’ students. A gender difference in attitude(t-cal = 2.310, t-crit = 1.960, P = .05) toward regular healthcare was observed but not in knowledge (t-cal = .528, t-crit = 1.960, P = .05). Also, no significant differences were found in the knowledge (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 0.323, DF = 218, P > .05 level) and attitude (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 0.259, DF = 218, P > .05) towards HIV/STDs Testing and Treatment of single parenting and intact home (both parents) respondents.On the basis of the findings, it was established that while the majority of secondary students had heard about HIV/STDs, their knowledge was inadequate. Thus, schools have a role to play in facilitating the access of young people to necessary reproductive health services and to link education and services so that students may bridge knowledge and attitudes with action