Oil Spill Incidents and Wetlands Loss in Niger Delta: Implication for Sustainable Development Goals (Published)
The implementation of a comprehensive founded sustainable development strategy, strengthened by careful management of oil and gas wealth, combined with an continuing exemplary for preservation of the natural environment, is an vital for the Niger Delta region. Oil spills have occurred over the year in the Niger Delta and wetland ecosystems has been degraded by the impact of the spills. Nigeria is showcasing an average of 11 Ramsar-listed coastal and freshwater wetlands, which together cover, 1 076 730 ha. Of these 11 sites, two are located in the Niger Delta region. The Niger delta Region of Nigeria is a wetland of its own covering about 76,000sq km and has the biggest mangrove forest wetlands ecosystem in Africa (11,134 sq km) and the third biggest in the world with its exceptional huge floodplain area in south-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria. National Oil Spill, Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) alerted with a recent aid through data acquisition in monitoring of oil spill from January 2013 to September 2014 reveals that there were 1,930 oil spill incidents in the core Niger Delta are primarily offshore incidence in wetlands ecosystem. Therefore oil spills occurred as a result of inadequate servicing and maintenance of the oil and gas facilities such as preventer blowout, wellhead, flow lines or pipelines, sabotage, accidental and equipment failures by the oil companies. The implementation of wise use concept of wetlands ecosystem as an approach, within the context of sustainable development goals as a centerpiece of modern efforts to manage wetlands will help the policy makers to integrate wetlands ecosystem to environmental planning to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
An investigation of women’s palm oil processing in some selected villages of Nigeria was undertaken on September-October, 2015 with the aim of knowing the percentage of women involved in the use of palm oil processing machine and their plight in palm oil production. The study areas considered include Ogunjimi, Danlegan, Morola, Safejo, Ogunshina, Akamo, Olokuna of Akinyele and Lagelu Local Government Areas of Oyo state Nigeria. The information provided and data generated were gathered through oral interview, discussion and questionnaires. The result showed that 80.4% females were involved in palm oil processing while 19.6% were males. About 90.2% of the respondents are pleased with the existing machine while only 9.8% were not pleased. The crosstab showed that 38 female respondents said ‘Yes’ to the existing machine while 3 of them said ‘No’. However, their major challenge was poor roads linking their villages because 90.2% of the respondents called on the government to construct their roads while 9.8 requested for other things. These data were analyzed with the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). There was a significance difference in the palm oil processing machine usage of the women in these areas than that of their male counterparts. This showed that women in these areas will produce more palm oil if encouraged by the government. This will assist them to achieve their Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) objectives in terms of gender equality.