Tag Archives: Science

Library and Information Science Education and Learning in a World of Difference (Published)

The changes in library operations and service delivery inundated by emerging technologies, pose a need for library and information science educators to adopt a global initiative to resolve curriculum and training issues in library schools in Africa. To this end, this paper reviews Library and Information Science education in Nigeria, Library and Information Science curriculum reforms, ICT and LISE, entrepreneurial skills in LISE and major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The paper presented a module for a proposed curriculum, identified the entrepreneurial skills needed by LISE graduates and posited that a dearth of qualified IT professionals in Library schools, poor funding, poor policy implementation among others are the major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The study recommended that effective policy implementation is an essential tool to enhance LISE transformation in Nigeria. Also, the opportunities the Information technology application offers will transform library and information science education, and these will help bridge the gap between the two worlds.

Keywords: Education, Information, Learning, Library, Science, world

Affective Variables as Predictors of Junior Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Science and Mathematics in Ogoja Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This ex-post facto was conducted to investigate the extent to which affective variables predict academic achievement in Science and Mathematics among students in junior secondary three (JSS 3) in Ogoja Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. One research question and hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. 490 participants were randomly drawn from a population of 3,464 within the research location. The Affective Variable Questionnaire (AVQ), Basic Science Achievement Test (BSAT) and Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) served as data sources. Data were analyzed via the Multiple Regression analysis. Findings indicated that test anxiety, attitude, self-concept and social responsibility are significant predictors of achievement in Basic Science and Mathematics. However students’ attribution, interest and gender are not significant predictors of Basic Science and Mathematics achievements. It is recommended that science and mathematics educators should develop positive relationship with students and also stress classroom activities that would encourage active students’ participation.

Keywords: Science, Test anxiety, affective variables, attribution, mathematics achievement

Gender Differences in English Language and Science Related Subjects in the Context of Higher Education in Thailand (Published)

This study was conducted at a university in the surrounding areas of Bangkok to cross-compare academic performances between female (n = 406) and male (n = 496) students in both English language skills and GPA scores in science-based subjects. 902 second-year students were selected from four separate faculties to examine the interaction of the gender variable across a broader spectrum of academic backgrounds; faculty subgroups were clustered accordingly: business studies (n = 315), engineering (n = 317), computer science (n = 178) and veterinary medicine (n = 92). T-tests calculations indicated that female students’ level of attainment was significantly higher in both academic spheres: English (females: 56.85, males: 47.87; [sig: p = <0.05]); GPA (females: 70.5, males; 63.75; [sig: p = <0.05]). Furthermore, according to faculty subgroup comparisons, females consistently outperformed their male counterparts in both English language and science related subjects, and also outnumbered their male peers in the top-100 achievers in both domains.

Keywords: English proficiency, Gender, Performance, Science, variability

Using Activity Method to Teach Second Year Diploma Students Selected Topics in Biology: A Case of St. Monica’s College of Education, Mampong (Published)

The purpose of the study was to use the constructivist teaching and learning approach to teach Biology. Four research questions were set to guide the study and the design adopted for the study was a case study. Questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data from one hundred and twenty three students for the study. The research findings helped to conclude that the activity method of teaching Biology helps to improve learning, learning of Biology content had improved and generally the result show that student have positive attitude towards Biology. The result further indicated that activity method of teaching motivates the teacher trainees to learn science.

Keywords: Activity method, Biology, College of education, Science, Students

Using Activity Method to Teach Second Year Diploma Students Selected Topics in Biology. A Case of St. Monica’s College of Education, Mampong (Published)

The purpose of the study was to use the constructivist teaching and learning approach to teach Biology. Four research questions were set to guide the study and the design adopted for the study was a case study. Questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data from one hundred and twenty three students for the study. The research findings helped to conclude that the activity method of teaching Biology helps to improve learning, learning of Biology content had improved and generally the result show that student have positive attitude towards Biology. The result further indicated that activity method of teaching motivates the teacher trainees to learn science.

Keywords: Activity method, Biology, Science, students & College of education

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (Stem) Education: A Catalyst for Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Nigeria (Published)

Equipping learners with the 21st century skills is the current pursuit of nations of the world wishing to maintain global leadership and cutting-edge economic competitiveness. These nations now see Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education as an option for equipping their up-coming generations with problem solving skills and potentials for becoming innovators and entrepreneurs of tomorrow. This paper explains the concept of Nigerian economic recession and its remote causes. It also explains the STEM education as a meta-discipline which is taught as an integrated subject abroad but is yet to take root in Nigeria. The author presents STEM education as the foundation for innovation, entrepreneurship and work place skill required to boost the economy of Nigeria so as to diversify her economy from oil dependence and combat youth unemployment. It concludes with suggestions of what Nigeria ought to do at this time to reposition STEM education to achieve economic recovery.

Keywords: Engineering, Entrepreneurship, Mathematics Education, Science, Technology, economic growth

The Impact of the Problem-Solving Strategy in Stimulating Students’ Motivation to Learn Science (Published)

The study aimed to identify the impact of problem solving strategy in stimulating motivation of students to learn science, and to achieve the objectives of the study followed the researcher descriptive analytical approach in terms of application of the study tool and data collection and analysis, and the study population of all eighth grade students in the Directorate of Education Jerash. The sample of the study consisted of (30) students of eighth grade in Al-Fadl Ibn Abbas Elementary School for Boys. The study found that there is an impact of problem solving strategy in stimulating students’ motivation to learn science. The problem solving strategy contributes (65%) Encouraging student motivation to learn science, and recommended the researcher to work to mainstream the problem-solving strategy in all regions of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan because of its many benefits stimulate the motivation of students to learn.

Keywords: Motivation, Problem Solving, Science

The Challenges Faced by Science Teachers in Activating School Laboratories (Published)

The study aimed to identify the most common challenges faced by science teachers in activating the school laboratories. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive method in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. The study population consisted of all the teachers of science and educational supervisors in Jerash Education Directorate. There were 15 teachers and five educational supervisors. The study found that there are a number of challenges facing the science teachers in activating the school labs, the most important of which is the low number of classes devoted to teaching science, the researcher recommended the need to work to restructure the distribution of classes of science and increase the time allocated for practical activity.

Keywords: Challenges, Laboratory, Science

The Effect of the Cold Call Strategy in Excitability of Students Motivation Basic Stage To Learn Science in Jordan (Published)

The study aims to identify the effect of the cold call strategy in raising the motivation of students in the basic stage in Jordan to learn science. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. Of the Jerash Educational Directorate, while the sample of the study was ( 30) students, The study concluded that there is an impact of the cold call strategy in raising the motivation of students of basic stage in Jordan to learn science. The researcher recommended conducting training courses for the science teacher to show the importance of cold call strategy in stimulating students’ motivation to learn science.

Keywords: Cold Communication, Motivation, Science

What Happens to Nigerian Arts And Science Students Achievement in Life Science When Assisted With Individualized and Demonstration Methods (Published)

The study examined the effects of Demonstration and individualized methods on Nigerian Arts and Science students’ achievement in life science (Biology). It adopted quasi- experimental design. Three instructional methods (demonstration, individualized and control) and moderator variable (subject specialization) at two levels (Arts and Sciences) were used.The study employed a multi stage sampling techniques. At the first stage, three schools were randomly selected out of the twenty-public secondary in Abeokuta South Local Government of the state. At the second stage, sample sizes of sixty students were randomly selected from the list of students provided by three schools to obtain a total number of one hundred and eighty students. To reflect the subject specialization of the student thirty out of the sixty students were selected from the Science and Arts class.  Two instruments were developed for the measurement of the variable of this study, Biology Achievement Test (BAT) and Operational Guide for Instruction (OGI) stimulus instrument The result of the study obtained was analysed with spread sheet Microsoft excel, descriptive statistics and analysis of covariance.The result of the study was well discussed and recommendations were equally made.

Keywords: Achievement and Life Science, Demonstration Method, Individualized Method, Science, arts

Evaluation of the Impact of Science, Technology and Modernisation in Social Studies Curriculum on University Students (Published)

This study was designed to evaluate the impact of Social Studies course – “Science, Technology and Modernisation”, how it can be best delivered and learnt by university students. The novelty research was devised to ascertain how effective out-of-door activities and classroom interactive teaching and learning will have on students learning performance. The course is meant to develop in learners an attitude of re-examining society from the point of view of developments in science, technology and modernity. Four hundred students were involved in the study. Students were asked to answer pre-instructional, instructional and post instructional course questions. Unstructured interviews were also used for clarification of issues raised by students. The pre-instructional course questions were: (1) what do you know about “Science”, “Technology” and “Modernisation”?; and (2) what are the ideal teaching and learning techniques you will wished to be adopted in the classroom? The instructional course questions were: (1) what are your prospects for the course of study; and (1) what are the challenges you encountered during teaching and learning?. The post instructional course questions were: (1) what are the strengths of the teacher and the learners?; and (2) what  are the achievements from the course of study?. These processes were employed to elicit responses from the students. Interpretative analytical approach was adopted to analyse the data collected. It was concluded that there was a strong consensus among students that the ideal participatory teaching and learning method, techniques and strategies they suggested to be used were later precluded by them. It was also revealed that majority of students were not in tune with the purely interactive and participatory lesson delivery approach. Based on the findings, the study recommended that favourable classroom atmosphere must be created, coupled with enforced cooperative teaching and learning techniques to enhance participation of students. Also, in order to ensure effective retention of concepts taught, students must be exposed to concrete and technological materials to practicalised the teaching of Social Studies. Educational / field trip should be incorporated in the teaching of Social Studies, especially when teaching the concepts “Science and Technology”. This will help students probe into issues concerning science and technology by using their observational, manipulative and investigative skills.

Keywords: Curriculum, Evaluation, Modernisation, Science, Social Studies, Students, Technology, University

The Semantics in Natural Philosophy and Philosophy of Physics (Published)

The semantic content in the nomenclature natural philosophy and philosophy of physics revolve on epistemological leanings. This leaning is motivated by the growth of knowledge within the natural sciences. The yearning for specialization in specifics within the content of nature revolving around matter and energy precipitated the leap from the broad based natural philosophy to the philosophy of physics. This leap is based on the proposition that knowledge is dynamic and grows by accretion.

Keywords: Artificial, Motion, Natural, Science, physics

Taking Proactive National Development In Its Strides: A Speculative Peep At Emerging Trends In Science And Technology Education As A Sure Panacea (Published)

This paper seek to make a brief account on the nature of Basic Science and Technology, it equally has interest in a systematic exposition of selected issues in integration in order to shed light into dangerous and treacherous concepts and solicit support for the reasons not beyond “a productive and reliable science and technology for national development”.

Keywords: Education, Emerging Trends, National Development, Science, Technology

The Epistemic Dimension of Symbolism in Science and the Supernatural . (Published)

The history of Symbolism as a theoretical entity can be juxtaposed with the history of human knowledge. Its major expression appears to be within the confines of supernaturalism exemplified in various religions of the world. Symbols represent ideals in Africa and acts as the mirror of the unseen. In formal and empirical sciences symbols are codified and universalized for general acceptability. The universal acceptability has a double entendre and this is of vital importance in epistemology. The importance of symbolism cannot be over emphasized. However, how reliable are symbols as mirrors to reality? To what extent do we say that a symbol is a true representation of the ideal or absolute knowledge? The purpose of this paper is to analyze the epistemological character of symbolism in human knowledge.

Keywords: Mathematical and logical Symbolism., Physical and Mental realities, Religion., Science, Symbols, Universality

English: The International Language of Science and Technology (Published)

This paper observed the dominant role of English as International language of science and technology. Various factors that facilitated the dominance of the language in science and technology were observed. The most technologically advanced nations of the world were also observed with various languages used in each of the countries. The paper also observed the language of instruction and research in the fifty most technologically advanced universities in the world. The paper concluded by projecting that English language shall attain the status of the world language in the next fifty years.

Keywords: English Language, Science, Technology

English: The International Language of Science and Technology (Published)

This paper observed the dominant role of English as International language of science and technology. Various factors that facilitated the dominance of the language in science and technology were observed. The most technologically advanced nations of the world were also observed with various languages used in each of the countries. The paper also observed the language of instruction and research in the fifty most technologically advanced universities in the world. The paper concluded by projecting that English language shall attain the status of the world language in the next fifty years.

Keywords: English Language, Science, Technology

SCIENCE AND INVASION:THE DAWN OF EPISTEMIC IMPERIALISM (Published)

Sergio Leone in the classical 1966 film ‘the Good, the Bad and the Ugly’ (Il buono, ilbrutto, il cattivo) produced by Alberto Grimaldi depicts the theme of ‘violence and a deconstruction of Old west Romanticism. As in the title which makes a juxtaposition of varying themes inherent in one movie, science has over the years become potent for both the good and the bad. With its mind-blowing breakthroughs, it has unlocked mysteries, created new knowledge. It has equally generated anxieties and dominance via its methodological rules. This paper examines science and her envisioned biotechnological inventions from the prism of imperialism anchored on methodology. Employing philosophical analysis as our underlining method, we argue for caution against this scientific incursion.

Keywords: Epistemic Imperialism, Invasion, Science