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Comparative Analysis of Secondary School Students’ Performance in Science Subjects in Ekiti State, Nigeria (Published)

Citation: Oludare Jethro Olojo, Ibukun Omolara Akinwumi and Samuel Oluwaseyi Olofin (2022) Comparative Analysis of Secondary School Students’ Performance in Science Subjects in Ekiti State, Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp. 73-84

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare secondary school students’ scientific performance in Ekiti State, Nigeria. To accomplish this, the researcher used an ex-post facto research method. The results of students who sat the West African Senior School Certificate Examinations (WASSCE) in all 141 secondary schools in Ekiti State from 2015 to 2019 were used by the researcher. Science students who sat for WASSCE in all of Ekiti State’s public secondary schools between 2015 and 2019 made up the study’s sample. As a result, data from the May/June 2014/2015, 2015/2016, 2016/2017, 2017/2018, and 2018/2019 Senior Secondary School Certificate Examinations were used in the study. In total, the study was guided by four research questions and one hypothesis. The research questions were examined using descriptive statistics such as frequency counts, percentages, mean, standard deviation, and graphs, while the hypothesis was validated using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at a significance threshold of 0.05 using the SPSS version 20 package. According to the findings of the study, students’ performance in Chemistry was better than their performance in Physics and Biology across the five years analyzed. Students’ performance in Biology, Physics, and Chemistry does not follow a predictable pattern, according to the findings of this study. According to the findings, students performed best in Chemistry, followed by Physics, and least well in Biology. As a result of the study’s findings, it was suggested that the government provide enough and up-to-date laboratory equipment for schools, and that parents and other education stakeholders assist governments by contributing their own quota to school growth.

Keywords: Comparative Analysis, Secondary Schools, Students performance, science subjects