Effectiveness of the Strategies used by School Administration in Protecting Children From Physical Abuse in Public Secondary Schools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania (Published)
This study examined the effectiveness of strategies used by school administration in protecting children from physical abuse in public secondary schools in the Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania. This was a study guided by the systems theory and approach by Bertalanffy, (1968). The theory articulates a set of specific structures, functions, capacities, and other related system components including input, process, and output. This study employed convergent mixed methods design which intended to collect both quantitative and qualitative data in one phase. Stratified, convenient, and purposeful sampling techniques were used to determine the study sample which consisted of 427 respondents. Questionnaires and an interview guide were used to collect the required information. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and inferentially using ANOVA. Tables, charts, narrations, and schemes of code were used to present the study findings. The study findings show that the strategies can be effective if they are used well, the most effective strategies were; Guidance and Counseling, Involvement of Stakeholders, Well informed Administration, and the Use of Child Policy, Law, rule, and reregulation. Other strategies suggested were the introduction of Life skill education, home visitation, and the use of student council. The study concluded that the strategies used by school administration in protecting children from sexual abuse are effective, however with some challenges that can be solved. The ANOVA findings conclude there are no significant differences between teachers’ mean scores on rating the effective strategies used in protecting children from physical abuse based on years of experience. The study recommends Ministry of Education, Science and Technology should ensure effective and efficient use of existing strategies while ensuring close supervision and monitoring to reduce sexual abuse. But also in-service training should be done for all District Education officers, Heads masters/mistresses, and Discipline masters/mistresses, and lastly, teacher education programs in colleges and universities should be designed to ensure child protection is given priority.
Citation: Felix Goldman, Victorini Salema , Peter Siamoo (2022) Effectiveness of The Strategies used by School Administration in Protecting Children From Physical Abuse in Public Secondary Schools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10., Issue 9, pp. 78-95
Analysis of the impact of Television Programme on Primary School Children Learning Behaviour in Awka Urban (Published)
Television viewing among young children has been an on-going issue as it is found to affect their development in various areas. This problem is getting more worrisome as the percentage and amount of hours of television exposure among young children is increasing especially with the growing production of children’s television programs. The paper therefore analyzes the impact of these television programmers’ on primary school children learning behaviour. The study is guided by Albert Bandura’s, social learning theory which distinguishes between enactive and vicarious learning by doing and experiencing the consequences of your actions. Vicarious learning is learning by observing others. Primary and secondary data were collected and analyzed qualitatively. It is important for your children as the people of tomorrow to be media literate, educative programmes enhance the intellectual ability of the children. Hence academic level of these children understudy is highly discouraging. Parents should set limits discuss with their young children about what is right and what is wrong especially on aggressive behaviours.
NEED FOR GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING AT THE PRIMARY SCHOOL LEVEL: EARLY INTERVENTION STRATEGIES FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN (Published)
Nigeria is a third world country with rich cultural heritage and background. At the early stages of children’s growth in the region as in other countries bank on the knowledge provided by both their respective families as well their schools. At this stage, the schools are called elementary schools which strive to enhance the adjustment of the children, and as well prepare them for secondary schools. Virtues learnt at this level are maintained and carried over to other levels of education. The importance of this school level cannot be over emphasized, hence the name, primary schools. As a result, Guidance and Counselling is of a paramount importance to address the academic, vocational, personal and social needs of the children. Through this, the kids are enabled to develop positive self-image and actualize their adjustment needs that leads them into the future. The abilities, skills and desired personalities are harnessed through effective Guidance and Counselling programmes at the primary school level. This is done to achieve the aims and objectives of primary education as stipulated in the National Policy on Education by the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It is therefore recommended that all hands should be on deck to brighten the future of primary school children though the efficient and effective implementation of Guidance and Counselling at the said level.