The study ascertained the constraints to participation in the Youth Empowerment Scheme of Oyo State. Data for the study were obtained from ninety youth participants in the Scheme using multi-stage sampling procedure. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages, means and ranks. Results indicate that the average age of participants in the Scheme was 29 years and 56% of the respondents were females; 51% of them were married; and 91.6% were functionally literate. Findings also show that the most common benefits from the Youth Empowerment Scheme were: instilling honour and integrity in the participants, improving the participants’ literacy rate, reducing participants’ economic dependency and enhancing participants’ abilities to support others financially. Received monthly stipend lower being lower than Government-approved amount, transportation problems and insufficient information on the Scheme’s objectives were the main constraints to youth participation in the Scheme. The relevant governmental and non-governmental agencies in Oyo State should endeavor to provide timely and relevant information on the Scheme to enhance increased participation of youth in the Scheme. Also, monthly stipends given to participants of the Scheme should be increased to attract more youth to the Scheme.
Critical Review of Adjudication and Mediation Methods of Dispute Resolution In Terms Of Time, Costs, Effectiveness and the Overall Interests of the Parties (Published)
This paper identifies the positive and negative aspects of adjudication and mediation as alternative methods of construction dispute resolution to arbitration and litigation. Upon examination of relevant literature, judicial findings, and anecdotal evidence, it is evident that adjudication and mediation have proven to be less adversarial and more efficient and cost effective approaches to resolving disputes in the Industry. With the recent improvements in the adjudication process, these have resulted in reducing the incidence of court hearings, and maintaining a working relationship between contracting parties for present and future project purposes. This research information will allow parties in dispute situations to understand such aspects, and make an informed decision as to which dispute resolution process may best suit their interests, and the interests of those concerned.
Keywords: Adjudication, Adjudicator, Arbitration, Cash flow, Claim, Construction Act, Contract, Cost, Dispute, Jurisdiction, Litigation, Mediation, Mediator, Natural Justice, Notice, Scheme, Summary Judgement, Time, Without Prejudice