Tag Archives: Safety Culture

Incidence of Occupational Health Hazards and Safety Culture at Tema Oil Refinery (Tor) In Ghana: Exploring the Symbiotic Relationship (Published)

This study examined a symbiotic relationship between Occupational health hazards and safety culture at Tema oil refinery in Ghana. The study employed both exploratory and descriptive research designs. Convenient sampling technique and structured questionnaires were deployed to elicit information from 186 participants. The data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study discovered that employees are continuously been exposed to chemical substances – the incessant exposure to hazardous chemical poses health complications like respiratory diseases, reproductive disorders, cardiovascular diseases, renal diseases and others. Furthermore the study revealed that protective wears and equipment are inadequate resulting in the inhalation of hazardous chemicals and sometimes spill over their skin. Moreover, the study found that there are lapses and weak ergonomic arrangements in the Tema Oil Refinery (TOR). The study found that job description at TOR is very challenging, tedious and time consuming. In addition the study revealed that although TOR offers pre-employment training before employees are employed, the company lacks continuous policy on training where employees are periodically trained to equip them on health and safety practices. Surprisingly, TOR is less proactive about the health of employees because they lack policies that ensure occasional check-ups for health issues. In conclusion, the causes of accidents were identified as poor working conditions, human errors and the lack of protective clothing. The study recommends that there is the urgent need to integrate policies and models to effectively manage safety culture at TOR. Furthermore, the study recommends that integrated model is required to comprehensively explain the safety culture at TOR since implementation of occupational health and safety management system (OHS-MS) has been proven inadequate.

Keywords: Ghana, Health Hazards, Oil and Gas, Safety Culture, Tema Oil Refinery

Stakeholder Role in Safety Culture and Safety Performance of Construction: A Conceptual Model (Published)

Project management in the Saudi Arabian construction industry is an activity complicated by the current widespread lack of a mature organisational safety culture, which results in a high incidence of serious and fatal accidents, making it difficult to deliver project objectives. This article addresses this major problem.  This research is therefore an attempt to verify the causal relationships and interactions between stakeholder involvement, safety culture, and safety performance in the construction industry, thus providing a better understanding, in turn, may improve safety. To achieve this objective, a conceptual model was developed to enable empirical research via responses to a questionnaire will distribute to construction organisations. The model provided in this study is a systematic approach to assess the safety culture of construction organisations and to guide them in self-assessments. The research contributes to the literature pertaining to assessments of stakeholder involvement and safety culture. Furthermore, it offers a valuable tool to government bodies and regulatory agencies for assessing their efforts in improving safety culture

Keywords: Management, Performance, Policy, Safety Culture

Occupational Safety and Health Issues in Ghana: Strategies for Improving Employee Safety and Health at Workplace (Published)

Contemporary employees spend most of their working lives at the workplace. Work provides economic, social and psychological experiences that promote the mental well-being of individuals. The work environment should be devoid of hazards as much as possible to provide healthy and decent work for the workforce. However, numerous injuries, illnesses, property damages and process losses take place at different workplaces. There is the urgent need for guidelines to help manage and improve safety and health at the workplace. Currently, there is no comprehensive national health and safety policy in Ghana that provides these guidelines. This paper provides a generic guide to managing the myriad of hazards that exist at the workplaces to enhance healthy and decent work for employees in Ghana. It discusses different forms of potential hazards and provides guidelines on how they can be identified, assessed, controlled or managed when they are present in a given work setting.

Keywords: Industrial accidents, Safety Culture, decent work, hazards control, safety management, safety performance


Safety culture is shared and accepted attitudes, beliefs and practices supported by documented policies and procedures in an organization which influences employees’ perceptions and behaviors within a workplace. Analysis of safety culture is important in institutions in order to identify potential areas of improvement. The objective of this study was to evaluate safety culture amongst administrators in UEW. Fifty respondents comprising 10 senior members, 10 senior staff and 30 junior staff participated in this study. Data was collected through self administered questionnaires. The results recorded low perceptions and awareness levels, lack of adequate safety training and non existence of safety reward schemes amongst the administrative group. Based on these results the study recommends an improvement in employees’ safety perception and satisfaction leading to an enhancement of safety culture.

Keywords: Perception, Safety Culture, Safety Measures, Safety Training, Universities