Rural-Urbanisation Effect on Inflationary Pressure and Unemployment in Urban Areas of Lagos State, Nigeria (Published)
This study examines the effect of rural-urbanisation on inflation and unemployment in urban areas with a particular focus on Lagos State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected through informal interview and structured questionnaire administered to a sample of 400 households of which 348 correctly filled and returned the questionnaire. The data were coded and rated on 5 point likert scale. Descriptive statistic and multiple regression analysis were used to analyse the data. The result shows a statistically significant positive impact of Rural-Urban Migration (RUM) on INFP. With a coefficient of 0.457, it implies that a unit increase in RUM will lead to 0.457% increase in INFP. Again, one percent unit increase in AGGCD will effect a 0.507% change in INFP, and, one percent unit increase in HEY will cause 0.085% change in INFP. Furthermore, results show that one percent unit increase in RUM effect a 0.441% change in Urban Unemployment (URUNEMP). Again, one percent unit increase in Aggregate Labour Supply (AGGLS) will lead to 0.322% change in URUNEMP and one percent unit increase in EDUL effect a 0.151% change in URUNEMP. Based on this finding, the study, therefore, recommends that appropriate urban policy that will stimulate increasing production of goods and services in the study areas should be formulates and strictly implemented. Furthermore, urban policy that will lead to more job creations in the study areas should be put in place, as this will go a long way in reducing inflationary pressure and urban unemployment.
Rural-Urban Issues and Human Capacity Building in an Era of Globalization: The Third World Perspective (Published)
This study examined the nexus between rural-urban issues and Human Capacity Building. In today’s globalizing world, the issue of human capacity building is very imperative more than ever before. Any country desirous of being relevant in the contemporary world cannot afford to toy with the issue of human capacity building. The high level of competition in the world makes it very inevitable for countries particularly those of the third world to take the issue of Human capacity building seriously because they would lag behind in the scheme of things and would not have anything to offer both at the local and international arena. This situation has brought about a situation whereby countries have been in search of various ways of boosting the human capacity in their various countries. In this endeavour much emphasis is placed on rural –urban issues. It is against this backdrop that this study is embarked upon to interrogate the role of rural-urban issues in human capacity building. Rural-urban migration simply means the movement of people particularly those within the labour force from the rural areas to the urban areas in search of greener pastures. Most times these set of people move to the urban areas to discover there is little or nothing for them to do and in most cases rendered redundant. As they depart the rural areas, they get the rural areas depleted of human resource that could have exploited and tapped the natural resources that abound there. This scenario to a very large extent would negatively affect the country’s development. It is against this backdrop that this study is designed to look for ways of ensuring the building of the human capacity through policies that could bring about the reduction or halting of rural-urban migration. This study is qualitative in nature hence data for the study were sourced through secondary means. Conflict theory was used as a theoretical framework.