Land Grabbing: Implications of 1978 Land Use Act on Rural Livelihood Sustainability in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
Land grabbing is an unprecedented phenomenon affecting rural areas and their livelihood. Land grabbing and or rush has been observed to an aged long practice by the feudal lords, big investors and the elites in several areas and communities. The present study examined the impacts posed by the 1978 Land Use Act (LUA) on livelihood sustainability options of the rural dwellers. Data were gathered through the administration of 100 structured questionnaire copies to rural dwellers mainly chief council, youths and women of Ekong Anaku, Mbarakom in Akamkpa L.G.A and Ibogo community in Biase L.G.A. Similarly, 40 oral interviews were conducted across the sampled communities. Results obtained revealed that land grabbing was in existence in Cross River State and had had substantial influence on the livelihood of rural dwellers. This observation on land grab was necessitated by the 1978 land-use act which gave the state government the absolute right to own and administer resources without recourse to free prior information consent (FPIC). The act was observed to bring about land loss and food security issues in the area. Based on the result, it was recommended that grabbed lands should be reallocated back to the communities or a fresh memorandum of understanding re-entered between the companies, government and the impacted communities.
Role of Society-Based Forest Management for Improving Rural Livelihoods: A Study of Bogra District, Bangladesh (Published)
Social forestry (SF) is a government adopted forest management practice introduced with the help of ADB since 1982. In Bangladesh, the challenge of natural catastrophes and the high density of population, social forestry is a potential sector for sustainable development of rural livelihoods. The overall objectives of this study are to determine how to improve the utilization of forest products and the livelihoods of the participants through social forestry. The analysis is carried out through a household survey, using a random sampling, along with formal and informal discussion with the participants and the data which is collected from district forest office (DFO).The results show that SF is effective for improving sustainable development of rural livelihoods through various activities that create positive attitude among people to foster social development.