Tag Archives: Rural Development

Evaluation of the Impact of Good Governance on Rural Development in Niger State (Published)

This paper evaluates the impact of good governance on rural development in Niger State. The problem investigated is stimulated by the expectation of the people for good governance in democratic era. The specific objective of the study include determining the extent to which the government archived the tenets of good governance, finding out the impact of good governance on rural development and examining the constraints of good governance in achieving rural development. Data for the study were generated from both primary and secondary sources using the instrument of observation, questionnaire, published and unpublished material as well as the internet. Data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The descriptive tools used include tables and simple percentages while the inferential tool used is the spearman rank correlations. The study revealed that, good governance has not provided rural development. More specifically, there is low service delivery, low rate of adherence to rule of law, lack of transparency and accountability, existence of high rural poverty, decay in rural educational system, inadequate water and road infrastructure as well as inadequate health facilities. The study also revealed poverty, corruption, poor judicial system, need for excess wealth as constraints for good governance. It was therefore recommended that, there should be institution of integrity, transparency and accountability in governance, there should be improvement in social services and there should be measures to check misgovernance and mismanagement.

Keywords: Good Governance, Impact, Rural Development

Prospects of Local Government Finance towards Rural Development. A Case Study of Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State (Published)

Several challenges have emerged over the years to impede the performance of local government councils in the discharge of their constitutionally assigned responsibilities. One of such challenges is the dwindling revenue base of the local government which has remained an impediment to national development. This paper focuses on how local government can identify revenue sources available to them and ensure effective management of their finances to enhance rural development. A 5 point Likert scale is used to rate hypotheses. It is found that effective utilization of local government finance have significant effect on rural development and a solid financial base have significant effect on the enhancement of rural development. It is recommended that there should be efficient management and utilization of available fund; and also accountable leadership.

Keywords: Finance, Local Government, Revenue, Rural Development

Analysis of the Economic Impact of Drought on Rural Economy in Iran: A Case Study of Hir County (Published)

In recent years, in some countries, especially Iran, drought as one of the harsh climatic – natural disasters, has had severe impairment directly and indirectly on water reduction and the agricultural and economic variables. Ardabil Province as an agricultural area has not been exempted from that. The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic impact of drought on the economy of rural areas in Hir County. This study is descriptive – analytical in terms of research methods, practical in terms of nature and is a library and field kind of research in terms of the type of data collection. The statistical population consists of 35 villages in Hir County, of which eight were selected for this research using stratified sampling. The tool used in measuring the questionnaire was made by the researcher. Face validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by a panel of experts. Pilot study in area similar to the statistical population with a total of 30 questionnaires were performed and with acquired data and use of Cronbach’s alpha formula, the reliability of the questionnaire was obtained at 0.87 in the SPSS software. For data analysis, factor analysis model was used. Also, the results obtained from factor analysis and studying farming and gardening products show that consecutive droughts have inflicted irreparable economic damages on the bodies of the villages in Hir County.

Keywords: Ardabil, Drought Management, Droughts, Iran, Rural Development, Rural Economy, Water Resources Management

Local Government Finance and Rural Development: A Case of Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State (Published)

Several challenges have emerged over the years to impede the performance of local government councils in the discharge of their constitutionally assigned responsibilities. One of such challenges is the dwindling revenue base of the local government which has remained an impediment to national development. This paper focuses on how local government can identify revenue sources available to them and ensure effective management of their finances to enhance rural development. A 5 point Likert scale is used to rate hypotheses. It is found that effective utilization of local government finance have significant effect on rural development and a solid financial base have significant effect on the enhancement of rural development. It is recommended that there should be efficient management and utilization of available fund; and also accountable leadership.

Keywords: Finance, Local Government, Revenue, Rural Development

An Analysis on the Effective Factors on Success Rural Production Cooperatives in Iran, The Case Study – Ardabil Province (Published)

This paper aims to investigate the factors affecting success of rural production cooperatives in the province of Ardabil. The population of this research contains all active companies in the province of Ardabil that their numbers are 1615 cases, statistic sample is 173, 521 people were selected studied. Examples of the towns to fit the volume of statistical community each of the towns to estimate the whole society. The research tool questionnaire is made by researcher achieved Face validity asked by the panel of experts. Study in the region was same to statistical community with the number of 30 questionnaire and business with data and the use of the special formula Alpha in SPSS software, reliability questionnaire 0/84 research obtained to analyze the data, and on the other hand, the measure of success of rural production cooperatives factor analysis model used and the results of the model shows the most important factors affecting success in rural areas, including four components (strengthening social capital and external environment reablation , cognitive capacities enhance of numbers , improving the management of the and health factors working environment and strengthen economic foundations) that variance and cumulative variance sums planned by these four factors is 71/19.

Keywords: Agriculture Development, Ardebil Province, Cooperatives Production Success, Iran, Rural Development

IMPACT OF MICRO-CREDIT ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA – THE CASE OF ENUGU EAST LOCAL COUNCIL (Published)

Poverty has remained a global phenomenon and has defied various attempts at curbing it especially in developing countries. The high and unacceptable number of people within its grip around the world gave it a pride of place as one of the major goals of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000. Poverty alleviation was a prime target of the MDGs and micro-credit was recognized as a veritable tool for tackling it. In this paper, we examined empirically the effect of micro-credit on poverty alleviation in Nigeria using some selected rural farm households in Enugu East Local Government of Nigeria. To achieve this, primary data were collected on the sources and access to micro credit; the incidence, depth and severity of poverty among the selected rural households. Appropriate descriptive and analytical tools were employed to process the data obtained. The results of the study show that poverty level is still high among the rural populace; but those that have access to micro-credit seems to have fared better than those who have no access to micro-credit. In other words, access to micro-credit has positive but not significant impact on poverty alleviation among the rural populace. The study recommends that government should intensify effort in its recent financial inclusion strategy to ensure that the rural populace has greater access to micro credits. Government should also ensure that interest rate on micro credits are affordable, the terms of the credits flexible and the conditions attached to the credit well liberalized

Keywords: Micro Credit, Poverty Alleviation, Rural Development, Rural Households