An investigation study on the patterns and roles of language selection: A case study the use of Jordanian Arabic language in school (Published)
This paper investigates the relationship between the roles and patterns of language selection in EFL classroom in a Jordanian primary school. It employs the overall order model, specifically the medium of classroom interaction, to identify three patterns of language selection: an English monolingual medium, an Arabic monolingual medium and a bilingual medium. Then, an investigating analysis of the relationship between specific patterns of language selection and broad beneficial categories of code switching (CS) was conducted. No one to one relationship between a specific beneficial category and a specific pattern exists. One Language pattern can serve different roles. From a detailed analysis, it is apparent that teachers in EFL classroom try, as far as possible, to use the English monolingual medium to conduct pre-planned curriculum activities. However, when teachers and students departed from these prescribed activities, they used Arabic, either the Arabic monolingual medium or a bilingual medium, to serve different roles, such as accessing the curriculum, managing the classroom and establishing interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, the use of the prescribed medium (English monolingual) was never used to enhance interpersonal Relationships. . Her major research interests are in discourse analysis (DA), computer-mediated discourse analysis (CMDA), computer-assisted language learning (CALL) and computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL), with a concentrate on wiki-mediated writing activities. He is also interested in bilingual interaction, especially bilingual classroom Interaction and the use of L1in Foreign language classroom.
Roles of Communication in Community Development (Published)
The focus of the paper is on the roles of communication in community development. The paper highlighted the roles of communication in community development to include conscientation of members of participating communities, provision of relevant information, provision of opportunities for dialogue and discussion and provision of opportunities for sharing of information and ideas that will facilitate effective service delivery in community development. Based on the issues discussed, the paper recommended the followings: (1) Communication should be explored appropriately to reach various segments of the participating communities in community development (2) Dialogue and discussion in communication with relevant stake holders should be explored extensively in promoting meaningful community development. (3) There should be regular communication with community leadership in the participating communities. (4) There should equally be regular communication with the various segments and community based organizations (CBOs) to elicit collective action and participatory involvement of members of the participating communities in promoting sustainable people-oriented community development projects.
Roles of Interdependence Projects of Oil and Gas Multinational Corporations in Host Communities in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (Published)
The focus of this paper is on the roles of interdependence projects of oil and gas multinational corporations in host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The paper explored the concept of interdependence as well as the concept of interdependence projects in oil and gas multinational corporations. The highlights of the paper also include interdependence projects as palliative measures to community development in host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, interdependence projects as sustainable community development projects in host communities in Bonny Island of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, Bonny Utility Company (BUC) and management of Bonny electricity project. The paper identified the prospects of interdependence projects to include the followings namely: promotion of improved relations among the relevant stakeholders, promotion of an increased production and exploration of new reserves, promotion of mutual co-operation between the oil and gas multinational corporations and their host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria as well as enhanced interaction among others.
The Challenges Facing Secondary School Principals as Human Resource Managers (HRMS) In Line of Duty: A Case of Nandi County, Kenya (Published)
UNESCO (1996) notes that education systems nearly everywhere are managed poorly and administered inefficiently. Despite the enormous expectations of school principals, many are not fully prepared for the task. The headship of secondary schools in Kenya is usually a product of the teaching force. Teachers, who have spent a minimum of ten years in service, are usually appointed as principals and deputy principals of secondary schools. Thus years of experience remain the major yardstick for appointment into the position of principal as opposed to relevant skills and qualifications. This paper seeks to identify the many challenges faced by Principals as HRMs in performing their roles. The target population was 140 secondary school principals drawn from Nandi County. Census sampling was used to select the study sample. Data collection was done using self-administered questionnaire. Coding of responses was done using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS). The paper points out that: empowerment of the staff, team management and career development among others, as challenges resulting from inadequate training. The study recommends introduction of HRM courses in Teacher Training Colleges.