The right to vote and its formal recognition in several states by constitution or by law is indicative of the assessment that they give to this right in the hierarchy of sources of domestic law. The history of the right to vote gives us examples when restricting the right to vote was the main key to prevent citizens of all classes in the process of selecting their representatives in the legislature. Thus, in the past, the terms and conditions to enjoy the right to vote and to be elected were connected to the economic, political or socio-cultural development of respective countries. This article aims to present the disclosure of past practices for limiting the right to vote and the progress of international jurisprudence on issues related to the limitation or denial of this right.
The right to vote is an important political right, presented as a right and as an opportunity to participate in the governance of the country. Suffrage was a right or a privilege of voting to elect public officials and to adopt or abolish legislation. It is a political institution that existed since ancient times. As a fundamental right, it is mentioned in various international acts, declarations, charters and agreements. This article makes a listing of the documents which in international level provide for the right to vote and to be elected in their texts, referring to free, fair and regular elections that implement democratic legal standards.These documents provide also some international standards on elections, which constitute some criteria and main principles internationally recognised for the determination of free and fair elections. The fulfilment of these standards allows measuring the criteria for democratic elections.