Tag Archives: Reward system

The Obstacles to Using Performance Appraisal and Reward Systems as Tools for Improving Employee Performance (Published)

Performance appraisal and incentive systems are one of the fundamental tools utilised by succeeding businesses, both public and private, in increasing employee performance, as they serve to keep employees on their toes and motivated to work for the organization’s betterment. Personal bias, recent effects, spillover, and a lack of clarity in the job description are some of the characteristics that militate against using performance appraisal as a strategy for improving employee performance, according to the findings. The study suggested, among other things, the creation of a clearly defined benchmark for rewarding employees who perform exceptionally well in their job delivery. This is to ensure transparency in the process of rewarding employees for a job well done, as this will encourage others to perform better. Finally, a performance appraisal should not only be based on an employee’s recent performance or spill-over, personal bias but the employee’s overall performance over the period under review.

Citation: Etalong, Thomas Alama; Chikeleze, Francis Okechukwu; Chukwunyelum, Afam Onyeka (2022) The Obstacles to Using Performance Appraisal and Reward Systems as Tools for Improving Employee Performance, International Journal of Business and Management Review, Vol.10, No.5, pp.86-93


Keywords: Performance Appraisal, Reward system, Spillover, personal bias, recent effects

Motivation and Teachers’ Performance in Selected Public Secondary Schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State (Published)

This study investigated motivation and teachers’ performance in selected secondary schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design of an ex-post facto type. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were collected using a self-developed questionnaire tagged “Teachers’ motivation and  performance in secondary schools”. The questionnaire was validated and the Cronbach’s alpha was 0.81 while the reliability was confirmed at 0.78 using a split-half correlation coefficient. Research questionnaires were administered to two hundred (200) teachers that were randomly selected from four major (4) administrative zones in LGA but only one hundred and eighty-seven (187) were adequately filled and used in the analysis. Data were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regression statistical methods. The findings of this study reveal a significant positive relationship between teachers’ job performance and motivation in ensuring quality education in secondary schools (r = .567; p>.05). The study also indicated that reward system, professional training and development, work situational factors accounted for 10.4%, 29.1%, and 13.9% respectively of the variance in the motivation of teachers in public secondary schools. It was therefore concluded that the importance of motivation in the day-to-day performance of teachers cannot be overemphasized, especially when it comes to being rewarded for a job done and being happy on the job. It was recommended that for higher performance as well as for employees to have sense of belonging, Management must introduce Management By Objective (MBO) approach so that all staff will take part and be able to contribute meaningfully to the development of the organization.

Keywords: Development, Performance, Reward system, Teachers, Training, Work Situation


Everybody knows that successful implementation of any strategic objective depends on the inspiration and hard work of the company employees. Researches indicate that satisfied employees are the major asset and source of any bank for successful achievement of its short-term and long-term objectives. The present study investigates the link between job satisfaction with the job salary package, job security, and reward system, and impact of this satisfaction on employees’ job performance in banking sector of Muzaffargarh District, Pakistan. Data is gathered randomly from sample of 150 employees selected from 10 branches of different banks situated in Muzaffargarh District. Descriptive statistics have been applied to check the relationship between two variables (job satisfaction and job performance. The results of study indicate that the relationship between job satisfaction and job pay package, job security, and reward system is positively correlated. And the impact of this satisfaction is direct and significant on employees’ job performance.

Keywords: Employee pay package, Job Performance, Job Satisfaction, Job Security, Reward system