Revitalizing Counsellor Education for Peace and National Integration in Nigeria: Rehabilitating a Nation in Trauma. (Published)
In Nigeria, there are issues of terrorism, youth restiveness, hate speech, disintegration, lawlessness occasioned by kidnapping, ritual killings, banditry, armed robbery, as well as heightened corruption among other vices. Issues of this nature need the role of counsellors when stakeholders are formulating critical policies for national integration. Nigeria is currently in trauma having been besieged on all fronts by all manner of impunity in all facets of our national life. Hence, it is on this premise that this paper examined how counsellor education can be rebranded and revitalized to mitigate the scourge of all these threats to our nationhood. In this paper, the authors underscored the need to revitalize counsellor education to produce counsellors that can effectively use appropriate counselling skills and approaches to foster peace and national integration in Nigeria. virtues such as religious tolerance, patriotism, dignity of labour, peaceful co-existence, unity in diversity, honesty among others have been conceptualized as veritable instruments for peace and national integration through counsellor education in theory and practice. Consequent upon this, the authors recommended that well trained counsellors should enlighten students on the need for unity and integration among Nigerians. Seminars and workshops should equally be organized by counsellors in collaboration with the government, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders in order to discuss and tackle contemporary issues for peace and national integration and stability.
Palm oil which is a product of oil palm is a very important domestic and industrial product that has variety of uses. The Nigerian economy in the 1950s till middle 1960s prior to the discovery of crude oil in 1957 was the largest producer of oil palm in the world. The discovery of oil shifted the emphasis of the economy from agriculture to crude oil exploitation. There is an increasing agitation for the diversification of the economy and specifically, the rejuvenation of the oil palm sector. The revitalization of the oil palm sector has the capacity of fast tracking the economic development of the country owing to the various products of the palm and the multiple uses of the products. The research adopted a “desktop research” approach and made evaluation of existing situations. Documents on oil palm production in Nigeria, media and agencies reports on oil palm business in Nigeria were used as primary sources of information. The article concluded with discussions on the way forward to rejuvenate the oil palm sector in Nigeria.
ECOLOGICAL ASPECT OF NON PRODUCTIVE FISHPONDS AT MAHAKAM DELTA AREA:REVITALIZATION WITH SILVOFISHERY SYSTEM (Published)
Mahakam Delta area utilization for various purposes, especially for intensive aquaculture has led to degradation of the land quality and mangrove vegetation both in ecological terms. The research was conducted in the Mahakam Delta to assess the ecological aspect revitalization of non productive fishponds at Mahakam Delta with silvofishery system which is a combination of fishery and forestry in one unit of land management. The research was conducted by surveys, interviews, laboratory analysis and tracking of secondary data relating to the revitalization activities of fishponds at Mahakam Delta with silvofishery system. The results of the study are:  Revitalization of non productive fishponds at Mahakam Delta with silvofishery system was conducted by government and local community, applied Traditional Ditch Fishponds with three types of bakau planting site, i.e.: permanent flooded, periodically flooded and not flooded site.  Five major parameters of water quality in the 2 to 8 years ages silvofishery fishponds, (Temperature: 25 to 28 C; Transparency: 40 to 60 cm; pH: 6.7 to 7.36; Salinity: 13 to 20 ppt; Dissolved Oxygen: 3.2 to 5.7 ppm) are relatively stable and meets the quality standard suitability for cultivation of shrimp, milkfish and crabs.