The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of credit risk on the financial performance of commercial banks in Nepal. The balance panel data of ten commercial banks with 160 observations for the period of 2001 to 2016 have been used for the analysis. The regression results revealed that capital adequacy ratio (CAR), non-performing loan ratio (NPLR), and management quality ratio (MQR) have significant relationship with the financial performance (ROA) of the commercial banks in Nepal. Similarly, credit to deposit ratio (CDR) and risk sensitivity (RS) have no significant impact on the financial performance of the commercial banks in Nepal.
Capital Structure Impact on Financial Performance of Sharia and Non-Sharia Complaint Companies of Pakistan Stock Exchange (Published)
For a firm to be profitable, it is necessary to create an optimal capital structure that contribute towards desired performance level. This study was conducted to explore the relationship between capital structure and financial performance of firms specifically with respect to shariah complaint and non shariah complaint companies. The analysis was conducted on panel data of 8 companies (3 shariah complaint and 5 non shariah complaint) listed under technology and communication sector of Pakistan Stock Exchange under the period 2009-2015. Financial Performance was the dependent variable measured by ROA and ROE while capital structure was independent variable measured by indicators, LTDR, STDR, SGR, NDTS and INSHOL. Multiple linear regression and correlation were used as statistical tools to run the model. On the basis key findings we concluded in Pakistan Shariah and non shariah companies have different pattrens of capital structure. We further concluded that capital structure effect the performance of firm in case of non-shariah but do not significantly affect performance of shariah complaint.
Sector-wise Effect of Solvency on Profitability: Evidence from Jordanian Context (Review Completed - Accepted)
This study is conducted to investigate the effect of solvency on profitability among Jordanian Industrial sectors. As far as this study is concerned solvency which expressed by debt ratio (DEBT), and equity ratio (EQUITY), and the profitability which expressed by variables including earnings before interest and tax (EBIT), net profit margin (NPM), return on asset (ROA), and return on equity (ROE), and. For the analysis the multiple regressions cover a period 2008-2011, used to examine the effect of solvency on profitability among sectors. The study found that table the Mining and Extraction sector has the highest earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) while the lowest the Glass and Ceramic Industries. The Mining and Extraction sector has the highest Net Profit Margin (NPM), return on asset (ROA); return on equity (ROE) while the lowest the Glass and Ceramic Industries. Also table the Electrical Industries sector has the highest debit ratio (DEBT) while the lowest the Glass and Ceramic Industries. But The Glass and Ceramic Industries have the highest equity ratio (EQUITY) and the lowest equity ratio (EQUITY) for the Electrical Industries sector.
The study revealed that solvency has a significant relationship with earnings before interest and tax (EBIT), net profit margin (NPM), return on asset (ROA), and return on equity (ROE), because the test was at level 5%.