Coping Behaviour among Retirees in Anambra State: Influence of Self-Esteem and Locus of Control (Published)
The study focused on locus-of-control and self-esteem vis-à-vis retirees’ coping behaviour in Anambra State, Nigeria. The study used Ways of Coping Checklist, Index of Self-Esteem, and Nowicki-Strictland Locus-of-Control Scale; cross-sectional factorial designs; two-way ANOVA statistics, random and snow-balling samplings, 56 retirees (26 males/30 females), 60-81 years retirees’ age-range and SD=1.98. Results: Self-esteem and Locus-of-control respectively had no significant influence on the retirees’ general coping behaviour in Anambra State, Nigeria; Self-esteem and locus-of-control combined had no significant influence on the retirees’ general coping systems; Self-esteem and Locus-of-control respectively significantly influenced only the retirees’ “avoidance coping” system; Self-esteem, locus-of-control, and their combined effects contributed 98%, 98%, and 90% respectively to retirees’ “avoidance coping” system; finally, Self-esteem and Locus-of-control respectively did not significantly influence retirees’ “problem-focused coping”, “social-support seeking coping”, “self-blame coping”, and “wishful-thinking coping” elements of coping system. Recommendations: Effective coping with retirement should involve improved self-esteem, and constructive/positive locus-of-control of retirees.
Determination of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Retirees in Kogi State and Preventive Strategies (Published)
Retirees, especially in developing nations like Nigeria experience diverse health problems. Notable among them are depression, anxiety and stress. The present study aimed to determine the level of depression, anxiety, and stress among retirees, and formulated preventive strategies. The study was guided by four research questions and one null hypothesis. The survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample size of 1,250 respondents was drawn using multi- stage sampling procedure. Data were generated through researcher- structured questionnaires. The reliability was established through Cronbach Alpha statistic to determine the correlation coefficient index, which yielded 0 .97. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequencies, percentages, and standard deviation. The study revealed that retirees experienced extremely severe level of depression (DASS) score=19.3, anxiety (DASS) score = 21.1 and stress (DASS) score = 17.3. It was therefore recommended that public health awareness and education campaigns of health problems on depression, anxiety and stress should be carried out by the National Orientation Kogi State Chapter, social welfare workers, counselors, educators, health educators, NGOs, and mass media to prevent and mitigate depression, anxiety and stress among retirees in Kogi State.
Life at retirement is a very critical period in the life of people. As a result it is expected that retirees, since they have more time to themselves, should be engaged in one activity or the other in order to earn extra income to supplement their pension. This study was conducted to ascertain if many retirees are engaged in fish farming in Delta state, Nigeria, considering the fact that fish is in high demand because of the nutritional value. Two hundred and thirty (230) respondents were selected for this study. Data were collected with the use of questionnaires and interview schedule. Most of the retirees were males, married and educated, with average household size of 5 persons. They had attended agricultural extension training sessions during their active service years. However, most of them were not engaged in fish farming after retirement. The decision of those who are engaged in fish farming was influenced by level of education, marital status, household size and extension training. Conversely, the decision of those who were not engaged in fish farming was informed by their age and gender. It was recommended that workers should be trained and encouraged to engage in fish farming after retirement, agricultural extension training programmes for workers (members of workers cooperative societies) should be sustained and workers need to be encouraged to engage in fish farming some years prior to their retirement.