Digitization entails the conversion of traditional library materials such as printed books and papers into digital formats where they can be stored and manipulated by a computer. This paper discussed digitization of library resources, process, and challenges at the Federal University of Technology, Owerri. The article outlined the advantages of digitization and further revealed some hurdles that prevent effective digitization in Nigerian academic libraries with particular reference to FUTO library. These challenges include among others: inadequate funding, erratic power supply, lack of modern infrastructure, lack of skilled staff and nonchalant attitude of departments. Also, the paper explored efforts made so far by the management of FUTO library in addressing the challenges of digitization.
Natural/energy resources are considered as the key factors of the nation’s economic development. In the modern world, energy has been considered as the lifeline since it is required in almost every human activity. In order to support national development, any country wants to exploit as much natural/energy resources as possible (Skipka and Theodore, 2014). The powerful countries are not only using their own resources but also paying interests to resources of other countries. This assessment tires to critically explore Russian interest in Central Asia in natural/energy resources.
Sustainable Tourism Development In Egypt: Peroposed Sustainable Integrated Design Matrix Study (Published)
The government hasn’t provide the required development projects patterns up till now؛ that can achieve urban sustainable tourism development in Egypt, so a distinctive quality and touristic feature can be found. As the importance of the regional and urban planning clear on one hand, and the development of tourism on the other hand to make good use of the multi and varied tourism fundamentals and to keep for the tourism, the historical and the environmental characteristics of tourism development areas in Egypt؛ where sustainability of urban tourism development can be achieved. The research aims to find out the role of integrated development projects in achieving plans and projects of urban development and sustainable tourism for achieving the most appropriate criteria standards recommendations which must be provided in these projects, achieving its sustainability. The study relied on several approaches (1) Descriptive approach (2) Deductive Methodology (3) Casestudy approach. The study found out the failure reasons of achieving urban sustainability for tourism development projects in Egypt. It also found out the feasibility of these integrated tourism development projects in the urban tourism development in Egypt and its role in achieving sustainable development through a methodology for measuring the most important elements for their success.
Keywords: Geographical Differences, Integrated Tourism Development Projects, Planning, Political Decision-Making, Regional Planning, Regions Problems, Sustainable tourism, Urban Development Indicators, Urban Settlements, resources
Mineral Resources Management Information System (Published)
Proper utilization of mineral resources are essential for the economy of a nation to prosper. However, a promising economy like that of Nigeria with all its potentials has continued to struggle due to mismanagement and overdependence on crude oil and perennial neglect of other mineral resources. Regrettably, it seems that some Nigerian citizens are oblivious of the wealth of their nation, in terms of mineral resources coupled with the fact that Nigeria does not have a known viable and comprehensive database for existing mineral resources, which has led to poor foreign and private investment in this sector. The aim of this research is centred on providing awareness, as well as an avenue for efficient management of mineral resources. In view of the foregoing, the guiding principles of the Rational Unified Process software methodology was adopted whereas implemented was achieved with the use of tools like Bootstrap, PHP, MySQL and HTML. Consequently, the system upon completion, created a first-step solution to the problem of mismanagement, by providing a relatively comprehensive database and an avenue for the management of these resources.
FIRM RESOURCES AS DETERMINANTS OF INTERNATIONALIZATION OF MEDIUM SIZED FIRMS; EVIDENCE FRAOM KENYA (Published)
The purpose of the study is to assess the effects of firm resources on the internationalization of medium firms taking evidence from Kenya.Resource Based View (RBV) is the main theoretical framework that has informed the study. According to Barney (1991), the ownership of the unique resources is assumed to be the reason why Medium firms in the same industry and location respond differently to export stimuli; one initiating export business and is in a position to meet its export orders while another similar one is not. The argument is that the internal resources tangible or intangible are the main explanatory determinant of firm internationalization. Kenya Top 100 medium firms formed target population. The results of the study indicate that Medium firms that seek for internationalization should invest in developing rare and unique resources which are not imitable. The findings reveal that internal resources tangible or intangible are the main explanatory determinant of medium firm internationalization. The results of the study agrees with a lot of the existing literature on SMEs internationalization on that ownership of the unique resources is a major reason why firms in the same industry and location respond differently to export stimuli. To overcome the challenges of smallness, medium firms have to leverage on knowledge and network resources for they are rare, unique and are not imitable.
It is evident that poverty has remained a key challenge to mankind worldwide with a lot of resources being used to address the same with little success. It is worth noting that the definition of the single word has been the focus despite having different interpretations, with little concern put on its interpretation while coming up with projects to address the same. It was against that background that a cross sectional survey was conducted on two dairy projects targeting poverty reduction in Kilifi County Kenya. Forty farmers supported with dairy cows by Heifer International and Plan international were surveyed. The study observed that inadequacy in resources, knowledge, responsibility, skills and or ability played a key role in projects success and defining poverty. The study led to the definition of poverty as; “the inadequacy in resources, responsibility, knowledge, skills and/or ability to sustain a livelihood and/ or richness in a given community” A Regression model was also suggested to address the five variables in poverty reduction projects.